帮助:指南

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Manual and the translation is 27% complete.
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當前頁對於想要開始創建一個當前尚唔存在語言版本嘅維基媒體計劃嘅人們嚟講,係一個有用嘅幫助手冊。請點擊維基媒體網站列表查睇所有嘅維基項目,其中紅色字體嘅鏈接係未建立嘅維基。

第一步:所需條件

維基媒體唔會托管任何喺ISO 639代碼定義中唔存在嘅語言抑或方言,以及任何唔被公眾接受或使用嘅書寫或拼寫方式。如果你希望啟動一個個人項目,請參見Wikia上嘅孵育場二(呢唔係維基媒體基金會嘅網站)。

系統設置

注冊和更改設置

如果你未登錄,請登錄創建帳戶。呢將使跟蹤項目貢獻者更加容易。

跟住, 轉到 參數設置 (1)改變你嘅網頁語言和 (2) 測試維基設置:

  • 測試維基(3),像維基百科嘅頁面系Wp/xx
  • 語言代碼(4),係Wp/xx中嘅"xx"

Step 2: Starting a wiki

  • If you doubt whether your language meets the criteria, you can ask it on Incubator:Requests for starting a test.
    If your language is invalid, it may be deleted. If your language is valid, its content will certainly be kept and all work will be moved to the new wiki once the wiki is created.
  • In the box below, replace "xyz" with your language code. Use an w:ISO 639-1 code, and if it does not exist, use an w:ISO 639-3 code.
  • Also replace "Wp" (Wikipedia) if it is for another project ("Wt" = Wiktionary, "Wn" = Wikinews, "Wb" = Wikibooks, "Wq" = "Wikiquote", "Wy" = Wikivoyage).

Click on the create button above, and in the edit form, replace "language name in English". Extra information can be found on Incubator:Policy/Test wiki info page. Then save the page.

  • Follow the instructions on the page you just created. You will be asked to create a main page, with the title Project/code/Main_Page.
  • You can list the wiki on Incubator:Wikis.

Step 3: Submitting the request

You can develop a test wiki here without making a request at Meta, but such a request is necessary if you want the wiki to eventually be moved out of the Incubator.

  • It is recommended to merge your account so you are automatically logged in into all wikis including MetaWiki.
  • Follow the instructions at the handbook for requesters.
  • Update the Wx/xyz info page here by changing the parameter "meta" to | meta = yes
  • As we already said, the policy to get a Wikimedia subdomain are stricter than to start a test project here. Read the policy carefully.
    • If the test project meets all formal requirements, it will be marked "verified to be eligible". If the request after a long time is not yet marked so, a requirement is probably missing.

Step 4: On Incubator

  • Content work is the most important thing. Write and maintain articles.
  • It can sometimes take a long time before your wiki is approved. Don't be discouraged.
    • Most proposals have a status page which easily says what needs to be done before it is approved.
  • You can apply for test wiki adminship, to take care of your test wiki.
  • A member of the Language Committee may propose the approval of your test wiki. If not, and you think your test wiki meets the requirements, you can propose its approval on their talk page.

Basic guidelines

There are a few rules that all Wikimedia projects must follow:

  • The Terms of use apply for all wikis. All pages need to be licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License and GNU Free Documentation License. Please keep in mind not to copy texts from other places which are not licensed this way without asking the author.
  • Authors must write from a neutral point of view (NPOV).
  • Orthographic practices - if there is more than one way to spell or write your language, you will need rules about it.
  • Stylistic conventions - if your language does not have a standardised universal form (the way everybody speaks it to understand each other), you will need to have one or have a rule to tell people which forms or dialects of your language to use. Also, you will need more complex stylistic conventions (for an example, see here).

Step 5: Localisation

The interface needs to be localised into your language. "Localization" includes translating the MediaWiki interface. Translation is one of the requirements before a wiki can be created. You can do this at Translatewiki. It is usually done parallel to the work on the test wiki.

  1. If you are not yet familiar with translatewiki.net, please follow the instructions there.
  2. Go to "Special:Translate" on translatewiki.net and then start translating:
    • While it would be even better to translate the entire interface, for a first project in a language you only need to localise the "most used MediaWiki messages". These are the messages that are of most importance to our readers.
      Note: If the interface is not yet available at all in your language — check the drop-down language menu at the top of the page—you will additionally need to translate at least 13% of the core MediaWiki messages in order to activate the interface in your language. (The "most used" messages count toward the 13%.)
    • For any subsequent project in a language, all the core MediaWiki messages and the messages of the main extensions used by the Wikimedia Foundation need to be translated. It is expected that the community of the first project has maintained and improved the localisation and consequently it should be no hardship.

You are encouraged to join the language support team for your language, where you can provide information about your language (such as plural rules) or test functionality. If there is any technical problem, such as a lack of input methods or fonts for your language, do not hesitate to contact either through our community portal or on translatewiki.net.

Step 6: When the wiki is approved

If approved, the language committee will submit a bug request at Phabricator. Then it is only waiting on the developers to create the site. You can track the progress on Incubator:Site creation log.

Step 7: When the wiki is created

  • Stop! Maybe you want to copy all the pages from Incubator to the new wiki, but please do not do this.
  • Someone will import all the pages with their history, and without their prefixes.
  • If you want your own logo instead of the English one, upload it as "Wiki.png" to your local wiki and submit a Phabricator request. (If you don't know how to do that, you can ask for help).

See also