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This page is a translated version of the page Help:FAQ and the translation is 26% complete.

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维基百科,MediaWiki 和维基媒体





ꀋꄸꄷꆏꑱꐥꑭꃅꄉꌬꁯꆹꁱꄀꏢꐥ,ꆏꅉꀕꃅSpecial:Uploadꇬꈴꄉꄀꊐꁱꐘꅐꄉꀐ,ꄚꑠꃅꑴꇬꄚꇬꆏꌠ。 ꆏꀋꎪꃅꄀꊐꌊ维基媒体共享资源孵育场:上载ꀂꏽꀊꅰꀉꑌꃅꅉꐚ。


跟随Help:Manual上的指示。记得您一定要有一个有效的ISO 639语言代码。


ꆏꇬꊎꂡꂷ提交一个申请ꊸꁆꑍ,ꃸꉘꆹꄡꇗꐪꊛꄉꊏꎖꃢꋋꏢꇬꅑꅸ语言委员会ꆏꇬꈴꄉꄷꇖꂟꉆ。 ꂴꎕꊪꋋꏢ’‘ꇎꏦꇬꑟꇁꌠꉬ’‘,ꋋꆹ’‘ꁳ’‘ꋋꆹꄜꋦꅉꐥ。 ꋍꈭꐨꆏꌌꉪꏢꌠꊌꂿꇁꌠꉬ页面状态 ꀊꄶꇬꀋꃉꃅꌐꄻꅐꌠꌤꃅꉉꀽꉆ。 ꀋꄸꄷꌤꈁꃅꌠꐯꇯꄡꇗꍄꑐꃅꌐꄷꀋꁧꆏꌠꍤꎖꀐ,ꄚꆏꁳꈌꁧꎻ。 ꈌꁧꈭꐨꆏ,ꑌꐚꃅꄻꉆꂾꆹꉈꑴꄮꈉꍈꇬꈴꄉꃅbugꍤꎖ。


ꆏꁱꑞꉬ? ꉈꑴꑡꈨꁱꌧꅇꐘꐛ?


  • ꆏꏢꉨꌠꊇꁧꀊꂥꌠꂷꌠꄡꑟ。 ꉜꐨꈍꑋꏢꁱꁱꇐꁰꄻꌧ꒜ꁵꅊꇈ。 ꋍꈨꆏꅇꂷꌠꈄꏍꍉꐥꅀꀋꐥꌠꌧꆏꈍꃅꁱ? ꅇꍝꅀꉉꏦꂷꅀꇬꃹꆏꄚꇬꄉꂿꉂꇬꃅꍜꄐꅍꃅꄉꌠꉬ。 ꁱꇐꁰꄻꌧ꒜ꏭꂿꄐꐥꌠꌬꇐꁦꎆꈨꇱ。
  • You can use the list of articles every Wikipedia should have as an inspiration for topics to write about.
  • Articles about the region where your language is spoken are probably of special interest for your readers.
    • Geography, History, Society, Politics
    • ꈆꑪꃅ,ꈆꑪꇮꇐ,ꇮꋽ,ꑇꇐꂘꃅ,ꈯꎟ
  • ꏾꑊꁎꆦꆏꉈꑴꀉꁁꉆ。

Why does the subdomain not work? Why does the URL not redirect to Incubator? How do the redirects work?

For a test wiki on Incubator in a language listed on Special:SiteMatrix, the URL redirects to Incubator (redlinks on Special:SiteMatrix). Exceptions:

  • Previously existing wikis that were closed (struck-through bluelinks).
  • Wikis in languages not listed there (usually Wikipedias).
  • Wikiversities and Wikisources.

You can specify a normal URL, and it will redirect to the page on Incubator (xyz.wikiproject.org/wiki/Page → incubator.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wx/xyz/Page) but it will not take into account parameters like "action=history". The base URL xyz.wikiproject.org will redirect to the Wx/xyz/Main_Page if it exists, and it will take into account a "uselang" parameter.

How can we use interwiki links?

For Wikipedia test-projects, you can use interwiki links in the normal format (e.g. [[ru:Page name]] for an interwiki link to the Russian Wikipedia). Wikidata unfortunately does not yet work for Incubator, but there is a bot which updates interwiki links from time to time. Interwiki links in the sidebar from existing Wikipedias to Incubator pages are not possible.

For other projects, you can use interwiki links by adding the project code, e.g. [[en:voy:Page]] for Links to the English Wikivoyage, [[fr:wikt:Page]] for French Wiktionary, and so on.


What is a prefix?

A prefix is the first part of a page title, if you go to a random page you will likely go to a page "Wx/xx/Page title". The first two letters indicate the project, then a slash, the following two or three letters indicate the language, then another slash, then the normal page title as it will be when the wiki is created.

Prefixes are used in all namespaces for test-wiki content, e.g. "Template:Wx/xx/Template name" and "Category:Wx/xx/Category name". Note that the language code must be lowercase.

Important note: The Help: and Project: (Incubator:) namespaces are reserved for pages serving the entire Incubator. To create a page for the Help: or Project: (e.g., "Wikipedia:") namespace of your test, place the page in mainspace by putting the namespace in after the prefix (e.g., "Wx/xx/Help:Help page" or "Wx/xx/Wiktionary:Project page").

What is the prefix of our test wiki?

This needs to be Project/code

  • Project: Normally the first project you make in a new language is Wikipedia, in which case use Wp, but it can also be: Wiktionary (prefix "Wt/"), Wikiquote (prefix "Wq/"), Wikibooks (prefix "Wb/"), Wikinews (prefix "Wn/"), or Wikivoyage (prefix "Wy/"). Wikisource and Wikiversity projects are hosted elsewhere: oldwikisource: and betawikiversity:.
  • Code: The ISO 639 code of your language. The language must have a valid ISO 639 code (search).

Help, I have no ISO code!

Sorry, but you cannot start a test wiki here.

Why must all pages be prefixed?

There are several reasons:

  • Logically, to distinguish the pages between the test languages.
    For example, if there is one page (e.g. "Europa") which is the same in many, many languages. Which test will have an article with that name? What should the other test have to do? Prefixes solve this problem.
  • The prefixed pages will be imported when your test language has its own subdomain, the unprefixed pages will not.
    Pages have to be imported instead of just copied. It is very very hard to import pages without a prefix.
  • The prefixed pages will be listed in the analysis for your test language, the unprefixed not.
    So, in some way, you will get your own wiki faster :-)

How to link to prefixed pages?

To link to pages, use [[Page title]] and to link to prefixed pages, use [[Wx/xx/Page title]].

To make it easier for yourself, you can use gadget AddPrefix. (As of 2019, this gadget is turned on by default.)

  • When creating a page, it will add a prefix to links. When you don't want one, use [[|Link]] (pipe after "[[").
  • When editing a page, it will add such a pipe.

I still don't understand it, or I don't know what the prefix is

Try asking in the community portal for help.

New wiki created

Our wiki is created! But what do I need to do now?

First of all, do not start copying or editing! Someone will import pages from here to the new wiki, see Incubator:Importing from Incubator for more information.

Your login credentials should work on the new wiki as unified login is now available on all Wikimedia projects.

On Special:Statistics, the counter gives a low number of articles!

It is a known problem that the number of pages is incorrect for new wikis. The counter is updated automatically after some time, so maybe it will be correct after a few days. Otherwise, developers need to run maintenance scripts to fix it.

Why are some pages not imported?

You probably got the number of articles from Special:Statistics or {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}}. It is a known problem that page count is incorrect after import. So, look at Special:Allpages for the real number (no number, but a list of all pages). On the other side, after previous imports there were some pages missing. This could be fixed meanwhile, but it is still possible that there are some pages missing. If so, please report it to the user who imported the pages to your wiki.

How do we set our own logo?

  • First of all, add (or fix) the translation of name and motto of your project to your language in this list so that it will be possible in future to re-create the logo, and remove 5=incubator from your row if you have your own wiki now.
  • The page has also links to some how-tos: upload the logo on Commons under its standard title (like File:Wikipedia-logo-v2-en.png for en.wikipedia) and protect that image or ask someone with sysop access to do so. If you're not able to create it yourself, it's possible that someone else will do it for you from the list above; to ask for help, try the talk page of the logo galleries on Commons, e.g. commons:Wikipedia/2.0.
  • Remember that the logo must be 135 pixels wide and transparent. If you are sure it is correctly done, request on Phabricator to set your logo.

How do we change our sitename?

Request at Phabricator to change the sitename.

How does someone become admin?

You can either request temporary adminship on the Meta page for permission requests, or you can elect an admin on your new wiki and then request normal adminship on the same page, with a link to the local election.

Interwiki links to our new project don't work!

This occurs often for languages that are new to Wikimedia. Have patience, probably the issue is already reported and it will be resolved soon.

We are not listed on meta:List of Wikipedias! (or a similar list)

Don't worry, it will be updated soon. If not, you can always open a bug on Phabricator (tag with: VPS-project-Wikistats).

Localisation, interface, etc.

The interface is in English, how can I change it to a language I speak?

First, you need to be logged in. Then you can easily change your language in Special:Preferences (the list somewhere in the middle). Also see here for interface translation: Special:MyLanguage/Help:Manual#5 Alternatively, you can change the language by clicking at the name of your current interface language which is displayed at the top of the page, next to your user name.

My language is not in the list on Special:Preferences? / I've chosen my language but it is still in English?

This means your language is not yet translated, or not completely translated. If you are willing to translate it, you can do that on Translatewiki.net (follow the instructions on Special:FirstSteps). See also the localisation statistics on Translatewiki and Translation project on Incubator.

My question is not answered.

Try asking in the Community Portal. The question and answer will be added here.