Wt/sco/du

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Alemannic German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

du

  1. thoo, ye

Declension[edit]


Amanab[edit]

Noun[edit]

du

  1. a kynd o bird

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Proto-Brythonic *duβ, frae Proto-Celtic *dubus, frae Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

du

  1. black
  2. swalt
  3. stairved

Noun[edit]

du m

  1. black

Mutation[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Proto-Brythonic *duβ, frae Proto-Celtic *dubus, frae Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Revived Middle Cornish) IPA(key): [dyː]
  • (Revived Late Cornish) IPA(key): [diˑʊ]

Adjective[edit]

du

  1. black

Mutation[edit]


Dens[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Frae Old Danish thu, frae Old Norse þú, frae Proto-Germanic *þū, frae Proto-Indo-European *túh₂ (you).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoon[edit]

du (objective dig)

  1. (personal) thoo, ye (2nt person seengular subject pronoon, informal)
See an aa[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Frae Old Danish dughæ, frae Old Norse duga.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /duː/, [d̥uːˀ]

Verb[edit]

du (imperative du, present dur or duer, past duede, past participle duet)

  1. be guid
  2. be fit

Dena'ina[edit]

Particle[edit]

du

  1. interrogative paurticle (placed at the end o the sentence tae mak a quaisten)

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Middle Dutch du, frae Old Dutch thū, frae Proto-Germanic *þū, frae Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

Pronoun[edit]

du

  1. (obsolete or dialectal) Seicont-person seengular, subjective; thoo.

Elfdalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old Norse þú, frae Proto-Germanic *þū, frae Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Cognate wi Swadish du.

Pronoun[edit]

du

  1. ye (seengular), thoo

Esperanto[edit]

Esperanto cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : du
    Ordinal : dua
    Adverbial : due
    Multiplier : duobla
    Fractional : duona

Etymology[edit]

Frae Laitin duo, frae Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

du

  1. (cardinal) twa (2)

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old French del.

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

du

  1. Contraction o de + le (o the)
  2. Contraction o de + le; forms the pairtitive airticle

Uisage notes[edit]

  • The partitive airticle signifies "some", but it eften is nae translatit in Inglis, Dutch, or German.

Gaikundi[edit]

Noun[edit]

du

  1. man

Forder readin[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old High German du (akin tae Old Saxon thu an Inglis thou), itsel frae Proto-Germanic *þū, frae Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (standard, generally) IPA(key): /duː/
  • (colloquially in unstressed position) IPA(key): /də/
  • In colloquial speech in Germany, the /d/ can assimilate tae a precedin coronal whan the wird is unstressed. This ayeweys happens efter the seicont person seengular verb endin, except in purposefully enunciatit speech.

Pronoun[edit]

du

  1. thoo, ye (seengular familiar)

Uissage notes[edit]

  • Du is the informal seicont person pronoon. In polite leid, the third person plural Sie (ayeweys caipitalised) is uised.
  • As a semplifee'd rule ane can say that du is uised amang friends, relatives, an young fowk up tae 25~30 years. Du is ayeweys uised tae address childer up tae 14~16 years, as weel as gods, ainimals, an ither craiturs.
  • Uissage an aa depends a lot on the settin in which fowk meet: twa unacquaintit, middle-aged persons are quite likely tae uise du whan thay meet, for example, in a pub, but much less sae whan thay meet in the street.
  • Uissage varies in different pairts o the German-speakin warld. For example, strangers mey cry ilk ither du mair readily in Berlin nor in Munich.

Inflection[edit]

1Eften caipitalised, especially in letters

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

du

  1. Romanization o 𐌳𐌿

Hunsrik[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old High German du (akin tae Old Saxon thu an Inglis thou), itsel frae Proto-Germanic *þū, frae Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

du

  1. thoo, ye
    Du bist aarich scheen.
    Ye are sae beautifu.

Inflection[edit]

Forder readin[edit]


Ido[edit]

Ido cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : du
    Ordinal : duesma
    Adverbial : dufoye
    Multiplier : duopla
    Fractional : duima
Ido Wikipedia article on du

Etymology[edit]

Frae Esperanto du, frae French deux, Spaingie dos, Italian due, ultimately frae Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁.

Numeral[edit]

du

  1. (cardinal) twa (2)

Interlingue[edit]

Numeral[edit]

du

  1. twa

Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Proto-Iranian *duu̯a (compare Persie دو (do), Pashto دوه (dwa), Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬎𐬀 (duua)), frae Proto-Indo-Iranian (compare Sanskrit द्व (dvá), Marathi दोन (don), Hindi दो (do)/Urdu دو (do), Punjabi ਦੋ ()), frae Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁ (compare Russian два (dva), Lithuanian du, Greek δύο (dýo), Spaingie dos, Inglis two, Scots twa).

Numeral[edit]

du

  1. (cardinal) twa (2)

Ligurian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

du

  1. contraction o de + u (o the).
  2. contraction o de + u, forms the pairtitive airticle.

Uissage notes[edit]

  • The pairtitive airticle signifies "some", but it eften is nae translatit in Inglis, Scots, Dutch, or German.

Lithuanie[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Proto-Baltic *duwō, frae Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁. Compare Latvian divi. Cognate tae Laitin duo.

Numeral[edit]

du m (feminine dvi)

  1. (cardinal) twa (2)

Declension[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived frae dunli.

Pronunciation[edit]

Cmavo[edit]

du (rafsi dub or du'o)

  1. (identity selbri) x1 equals x2, x3, x4, ...
    li pa su'i vo du li mu
    one plus four equals five

See also[edit]


Lawer Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Proto-Slavic *jьdǫ (first-person seengular) an *jьdǫtь (third-person plural), inflectit forms o *jьti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

du

  1. first-person singular present o hyś
  2. third-person plural present o hyś

Synonyms[edit]

  • (first-person seengular): źom

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Proto-Germanic *þū.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

du

  1. seicont-person seengular, informal, nominative: ye, thoo
    Wéi al bass du?Hou auld are ye?

Declension[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

du

  1. Nonstaundart spellin o .
  2. Nonstaundart spellin o .
  3. Nonstaundart spellin o .
  4. Nonstaundart spellin o .

Uissage notes[edit]

  • Scots transcriptions o Mandarin speech eften fail tae distinguish atween the creetical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin leid, uisin wirds such as this ane withoot the appropriate indication o tone.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old Dutch thū, frae Proto-Germanic *þū.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

du

  1. thoo, ye (seengular, informal)
    Synonyms: gi

Uissage notes[edit]

This pronoon begoud tae be replaced bi gi in formal address during the Middle Dutch period, an eventually fell oot o uise awthegither.

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Limburgish: doe

Further reading[edit]

  • du”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • du”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle Low German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old Saxon thū, frae Proto-Germanic *þū.

Pronoun[edit]

  1. thoo, ye (seicont person seengular nominative)

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]


Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Laitin dux, ducem.

Noun[edit]

du m

  1. duke

Related terms[edit]


North Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Proto-Germanic *dōną. Cognates include Mooring North Frisian düünj an Wast Frisian dwaan.

Verb[edit]

du

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) tae dae
  2. (Föhr-Amrum) tae gie

Conjugation[edit]



Northren Sami[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

du

  1. accusative and genitive o don

Norse Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old Norse þú, frae Proto-Germanic *þū, frae Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

du (objective case deg)

  1. thou, you (second person, singular)

References[edit]

See also[edit]


Norse Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old Norse þú, frae Proto-Germanic *þū, frae Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoon[edit]

du (objective case deg)

  1. thoo, ye (seicont person, seengular)

References[edit]

See also[edit]


Novial[edit]

Novial cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : du
    Ordinal : duesmi

Numeral[edit]

du

  1. (cardinal) twa



Auld French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Contraction[edit]

du

  1. contraction o de + le (o the)

Auld Heich German[edit]

ane drawing o the inscription on the Bülach fibula

Etymology[edit]

Frae Proto-Germanic *þū, whance an aa Old English þu, Old Norse þú, an ultimately frae Proto-Indo-European *túh₂. Perhaps the earliest attestation o the pronoon is the inscription on the Bülach fibula, which mey shaw ᛞᚢ (du) awready differentiatit frae ither Germanic leids’ þu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

du

  1. thoo, ye (seicont-person seengular pronoon)
    • 3rd-6t century, inscription on the Bülach fibula:
      ᚠᚱᛁᚠᚱᛁᛞᛁᛚ / ᛞᚢ / ...
      frifridil / du / []
      Frifridil, you / []

Descendants[edit]

  • German: du

See an aa[edit]

  • fridil (a pet name for a male luver)

References[edit]

  • Heinz Klingenberg, Runenfibel von Bülach, Kanton Zürich. Liebesinschrift aus alemannischer Frühzeit, in the Alemannisches Jahrbuch (1973/75), page 308
  • Heinz Klingenberg, Die Runeninschrift aus Bülach, in Helvetia archaeologica, vollum 7 (1976), pages 116–121
  • Stephan Opitz, Südgermanische Runeninschriften im älteren Futhark aus der Merowingerzeit (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1977)

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

du

  1. seicont-person seengular imperative form o duce.
    Du-te acasă.
    Gae hame.

Swedish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old Swedish þū, frae Old Norse þú, frae Proto-Germanic *þū, frae Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

du

  1. (personal) ye (familiar sg.).
  2. (personal) thoo.

Declension[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Italian due

Numeral[edit]

du m

  1. twa

Synonyms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese, frae /

Pronunciation[edit]

Lua error in Module:Wt/sco/vi-pron at line 389: Unrecognised final: "wt/sco/du".

Verb[edit]

du

  1. walk

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Proto-Brythonic *duβ, frae Proto-Celtic *dubus, frae Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

du (feminine seengular du, plural duon, equative dued, comparative duach, superlative duaf)

  1. black
    Mae ganddo fo fwstash du.
    He haes a black mustache

See also[edit]

Colours in Welsh · lliwiau (layout · text)
     coch      gwyrdd      melyn      melynwyn      gwyn
     rhudd      majenta      glaswyrdd      gwyrdd leim      pinc
     indigo      glas      oren, melyngoch      llwyd      fioled
     du      porffor      brown      asur, gwynlas      gwyrddlas

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical saft nasal aspirate
Wt/sco/du unchynged unchynged Hwt/sco/du
Note: Some o thir forms mey be hypothetical. Nae ivery
possible mutatit form o ivery wird actually occurs.