Wt/sco/ir

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Scots[edit]

Verb[edit]

ir

  1. (Sooth Scots) Seicont-person simple present form o ti be
  2. (Sooth Scots) Plural simple present form o ti be

See also[edit]

Alemannic German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ir

  1. ye (plural)

Declension[edit]


Chuukese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ir

  1. them

Related terms[edit]


Dens[edit]

Dens Wikipaedia haes an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old Norse eir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ir c (singular definite irren, not used in plural form)

  1. verdigris

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old Portuguese ir, frae Laitin īre, present active infinitive o ; the forms beginnin wi V frae correspondin forms o vādō; the forms beginnin wi F frae the corresponding forms o sum.

Verb[edit]

ir (first-person singular present vou, first-person singular preterite fun, past participle ido)

  1. tae gae
  2. first-person singular personal infinitive o ir
  3. third-person singular personal infinitive o ir

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Verb[edit]

ir

  1. tae gae

Conjugation[edit]

  • Present: va
  • Futur: ira
  • Past: iva
  • Present pairteeciple: iente (?)
  • Past pairteeciple: ite

Antonyms[edit]


Kaera[edit]

Noun[edit]

ir

  1. watter

References[edit]

  • Gary Holton and Laura Robinson, The Internal History of the Alor-Pantar language family, in The Alor-Pantar languages: History and Typology, edited by Marian Klamer
  • Marian Klamer, One item, many faces: ‘come’ in Teiwa (2010, in wing & Klamer) and Kaera (2014, in Schapper)
  • Gary Holton, Marian Klamer, František Kratochvíl, Laura C. Robinson, Antoinette Schapper, The Historical Relations of the Papuan Languages of Alor and Panta, Oceanic Linguistics 2012:1

Latgalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened frae irā, relatit tae Latvian ir an Lithuanian yra (wi the same meanin). In Latgalian, the shortened form ir is maistly used in unstressed poseetions, while irā is maistly common for stressed poseetions in the sentence.

Verb[edit]

ir

  1. is, are (present simple 3rd-person form, seengular an plural)

Laitin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate wi Ancient Greek χείρ (kheír).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

ir n (indeclinable)

  1. (rare, anatomy) haund

Declension[edit]

Not declined; used only in the nominative and accusative singular.

Case Seengular
nominative ir
genitive
dative
accusative ir
ablative
vocative

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lua error in Module:Wt/sco/R:Perseus at line 151: attempt to index field '?' (a nil value).Charlton T. Lewis an Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ir” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)

Latvie[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Frae Proto-Baltic *irā (cf. dialectal, airchaic forms irād, iraid, irāg, and also Lithuanian yrà, which existed alongside *esti (cf. Auld Kirk Slavonic єстъ (jestŭ), Russian есть (jest’), Lithuanian dialectal ẽsti, Old Prussian ast), ineetially wi basically exeestential (“thare is”) meanin, but later on extendin tae aw copular meanins, thus replacin *esti. In Sudovian, an aa the first person form irm (I am) is derived from this stem. The oreegin o Proto-Baltic *irā is, houever, unclear. Various soorces hae been proponed: an aulder interjection (cf. Lithuanian aurè (look!)), the pairticle an conjunction ir (baith... an...), a noin wi the meanin “exeestence,” “reality,” “thing,” or even (mair recently) the Proto-Indo-European seicontar third-person verbal endin *-r wi a later -extension.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This Template:Pagetype needs audio files. If ye hae a microphone, please record some an upload them. (For audio required quickly, veesit Wt/sco/WT:APR.)

Verb[edit]

ir

  1. (he, she, it) is; 3rd person seengular present indicative furm o būt
  2. (thay) are; 3rd person plural present indicative furm o būt
  3. (wi the pairticle lai) let (him, her, it) be; 3rd person seengular imperative furm o būt
  4. (wi the pairticle lai) let them be; 3rd person plural imperative furm o būt

Etymology 2[edit]

Frae Proto-Baltic *ir, frae the reduced grade *r̥ o Proto-Indo-European *ar (so, then; question particle) (whance an aa Latvian ar (wi), q.v.). The oreeginal meaning “an” (cf. Lithuanian cognate) is foond in 16t- an 17t-century texts, but frae the 18t century on ir wis na langer uised in this sense. Cognates include Lithuanian ir̃ (and), Old Prussian ir (an aa), er ((alang) wi), Ancient Greek ἄρα, ἄρ', ῥά (ára, ár', rhá, sae, then, tharefore).[1]

Conjunction[edit]

ir

  1. additive conjunction uised tae jyn several seemilar sentence elements, indicatin thair seemilar naitur: baith ... an ..., ... an an aa ..., ... as weel as ...
    gribējas ir smieties, ir raudātane wantit baith tae lauch an tae cry
    nāca ir jaunie, ir veciebaith the young an the auld came
    tolaik ir tēvs, ir māte bija mirušiat that time, baith the faither an the mither haed dee'd
    tā bija droša, interesanta un glīta meitene, kas prata būt ir jautra, ir nopietnathat wis a brave, fun (lit. interestin) an pretty lass, wha knew hou tae be baith cheerfu an serious
    nakts kā jau nakts: ir mēness spīd, ir tālē rūsa plaiksnīthe nicht is lik the nicht (= as uisual): the muin shines an an aa in the distance silent fire-flaucht
Synonyms[edit]

Pairticle[edit]

ir

  1. uised tae merk connection an emphasis, reinforcement; syn. arī
    Ludis nolēca lielā dubļu pančkā un tur ir palika, ratiem pakaļ skatīdamiesLudis jumped into a big mud puddle and there also he stayed, looking ahead at the cart
    Dūdums pateica: “man vēl laika diezgan”, un pārliecināt viņu par piegādes normu nodošanu pirms termiņa tā ir neizdevās — Dūdums said: “I still hae eneuch time,” an an aa, sae it wis impossible tae convince him aboot the rules for deliveray afore the deidline
  2. uised tae merk emphasis, tae reinforce; syn. pat: really, even
    tas viņam ir prātā nenākthat disna even come tae his mynd
    krūmos ir pa naktīm guļot, pilsētā viņš parādoties retireally sleepin at nicht in the busses, he appeared rarely in the ceety
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “Wt/sco/ir”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvie), Rīga: AVOTS, Template:ISBN

Lithuanie[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Proto-Balto-Slavic *ir (an, an aa), compare Latvian ir, Old Prussian ir (an, even), frae Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥- (thus, sae); compare Ancient Greek ἄρα (ára, sae, then, consequently). If the oreeginal meaning wis "fittinly, accordinly", the ruit mey be identical tae *h₂er- (fit thegither), see artì (near) for mair.

Proto-Slavic *i (an, even) is probably nae relatit.

Conjunction[edit]

ir̃

  1. (coordinating, cumulative) an, too
  2. (coordinating, illative) an, sae
    Bùvo gražùs óras, ir̃ mẽs nùtarėme keliáuti. - the wather wis nice, an (=sae) we decidit tae traivel.
  3. (coordinating, correlative) baithan

Pairticle[edit]

ir̃

  1. (emphatic) even, an
    Mán ir̃ nepavỹko padarýt! - I didna even manage that!
  2. (emphatic) exactly, juist, precisely
    Jìs ir̃ yrà tàs žmogùs, apiẽ kùrį kal̃bame. - It's him that we're talkin aboot
  3. (interrogative) an, sae
    , ir̃ kàs! - Sae whit!

Relatit terms[edit]


Auld Swadish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old Norse ír, variant o ér, frae Proto-Germanic *jīz, variant o *jūz.

Pronoun[edit]

īr

  1. ye (plural)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Swadish: I, ni

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • hir (obsolete)
  • yr (obsolete)

Etymology[edit]

Frae Old Portuguese ir, frae Laitin īre, present active infinitive o (frae Proto-Italic *eō, frae Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey-); the forms beginnin wi V frae correspondin forms o vādō; the forms beginnin wi F frae the correspondin forms o sum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ir (first-person singular present indicative vou, past participle ido)

  1. (intransitive, or transitive with para or a or até) tae gae (tae muive tae a destination)
    Vamos a pé?
    Dae we gae on fit?
    Eles foram ao shopping.
    Thay went tae the maw.
    Queríamos ir para casa.
    We wantit tae gae hame.
  2. (auxiliary, wi an infinitive) will; tae be gaein tae; forms the futur tense
    Vou comprar um sapato.
    I will buy a shae.
    Nós não íamos fazer nada.
    We werena gaein tae dae onything.
  3. (auxiliary, wi a gerund) tae keep on; tae gae on; ~ on; forms the continuative aspect
    A água vai escorrendo até acabar.
    The watter keeps on leakin till it is aw gane.
  4. (takes a reflexive pronoun) tae gae; tae leave; tae depairt
    Os homens já se foram todos.
    Aw the men hae left awready.
  5. (intransitive, or transitive with para or em or a) tae attend; tae gae tae (tae be present in an event)
    Sinto muito, não poderei ir à sua festa.
    I’m sairy, I winna be able tae gae tae yer pairty.
  6. (transitive with até) tae gae on till; tae last tae
    A batalha foi até as duas da manhã.
    The battle went on till twa AM.
  7. (intransitive, or transitive with em) tae dae; tae fare (tae hae a guid or bad result)
    Fui muito mal em quase todas as provas.
    A did verra bad in nearly aw the tests.
  8. (intransitive) tae be daein (formula uised in greetings)
    “Como vai?” “Vou bem, obrigado.”
    “Hou are ye daeing?” “I am daein fine, thanks.”
  9. (takes a reflexive pronoun) tae be gane (depletit, destroyed; na langer uisable)
    Porcaria! Minha TV se foi.
    Damn it! My TV is gane.
  10. (euphemistic, takes a reflexive pronoun) tae leave us; tae depairt (tae dee)
    Uma oração para os que já se foram.
    A prayer for thae wha hae awready left us.
  11. (intransitive) tae gae (tae begin an action or process)
    Um, dois, três, vai!
    Ane, twa, three, gae!
    O sinal verde ainda não foi!
    The green licht still didna licht up.
    Vamos!
    Get on wi it!
  12. (transitive with com) tae match; tae gae wi (tae form a guid combination wi)
    Este casaco não vai bem com os sapatos.
    This jacket disna gae weel wi the shaes.
  13. (transitive with com) to lik or tolerate someone or something
    Parece que ninguém vai comigo.
    It seems naebody liks me.
  14. (transitive with por) tae follae (tae tak intae accoont when makkin chyces)
    Vai pela razão, não pelos sentimentos.
    Follae raison, nae feelins.
    Se a luz não acender, pode encontrar o livro indo pelo tato.
    If the licht disna turn on, ye can find the beuk bi follaein yer sense o titch.
  15. (poker, intransitive) tae cry (tae match the amoont o chips in the pot)
    • 2012, Luís Fernando Veríssimo, “Os pêssegos”, in Diálogos Impossíveis, Editora Objetiva, ISBN 9788539004133, page 29:
      Não se ouvia mais nada, além dos ruídos naturais do pôquer. O clicar das fichas. Frases curtas: "Dou cartas." "Vou." "Não vou." "Pago pra ver." "Não é possível!"

Quotations[edit]

For uissage exemples o this term, see Citations:ir.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Surmiran) eir

Etymology[edit]

Frae Laitin eō, īre, frae Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey-. The forms beginnin wi V derive frae correspondin forms o Laitin vādō.

Verb[edit]

ir

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Puter, Vallader) to go

Conjugation[edit]

Muid Tense 1st s. 2nt s. 3rd s. 1st pl. 2nt pl. 3rd pl.
Indicative Present jau vom ti vas el/ella/ins va nus giain vus giais els/ellas van
Indicative Imperfect jau gieva ti gievas el/ella/ins gieva nus gievan vus gievas els/ellas gievan
Indicative Perfect jau sun ì/ida ti es ì/ida el/ella/ins è ì/ida nus essan ids/idas vus essan ids/idas els/ellas èn ids/idas
Indicative Futur jau vegn a ir ti vegns a ir el/ellas/ins vegn a ir nus vignin a ir vus vegnis a ir els/ellas vegnan a ir
Indicative Condeetional jau giess ti giessas el/ella giess nus giessan vus giessas els/ellas giessan

Spaingie[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The infinitive an forms beginnin wi i or y are frae Laitin īre, present active infinitive o (frae Proto-Italic *eō, frae Proto-Indo-European *h₁ey-); the forms beginnin wi v frae correspondin forms o vādō; the forms beginnin wi f probably frae forms o sum or fugio.

Verb[edit]

ir (first-person singular present Wt/sco/voy, first-person singular preterite Wt/sco/fui, past participle Wt/sco/ido)

  1. tae gae
  2. (reflexive) tae gae awey, tae leave (see irse)
  3. (wi a follaed bi the infinitive), tae be gaein tae (near futur)
    Hoy vamos a ver una película.
    Theday we are gaein tae see a movie.

Conjugation[edit]

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Uisage notes[edit]

  • The basic meanin "gae" applees tae ony kynd o animate or inanimate motion: walk, ride, sail, flee, etc.
  • The voseo imperative o ir is teepically replaced bi the imperative o andar, which haes the form andá.[1]

See an aa[edit]

References[edit]

  1. chapter Spanish from Argentina: That Voseo Thing, in Template:Maintenance line[1], accessed 9 October 2015

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ir (feminine seengular ir, plural irion, equative ired, comparative irach, superlative iraf)

  1. Wt/sco/raw, unprocessed
  2. Wt/sco/fresh, succulent

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical saft nasal aspirate
Wt/sco/ir unchynged unchynged Hwt/sco/ir
Note: Some o thir forms mey be hypothetical. Nae ivery
possible mutatit form o ivery wird actually occurs.

Yapese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ir

  1. Third-person singular pronoun; he, she, it