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2012 Ghanaian general election
group of elections
CountryGhana Dɛmisim gbɛlima
Applies to jurisdictionGhana Dɛmisim gbɛlima
Follows2008 Ghanaian general election Dɛmisim gbɛlima
Followed by2016 Ghanaian general election Dɛmisim gbɛlima
Point in time7 December 2012 Dɛmisim gbɛlima

Ghana 2012 vɔɔtʋg la da bɛnɛ Arizum daar, yʋʋm tusa ayi nɛ piinɛ ayi nwadis piinɛ ayi la daba ayɔpɔi daar ye ba vɔɔti gaŋ zugraan nɛ wadmaannib kɔbisyi’ nɛ pisyɔpɔi nɛ anu (275) constituency nam la ni.[1] Masinbanɛ ka ba mɔri tɛɛsid nidib la da san’am la zug, banɛ nar ye ba vɔɔt la bɛdegʋ da pʋ nyaŋi vɔɔtɛ ka ba da tɔlisi keŋ Asibit daar yʋʋm tusa ayi nɛ piinɛ ayin wadis piinɛ ayi la daba anii daar.[2] Ba da lɛn maligim vɔɔt ya’as yʋʋm tusa ayi nɛ piinɛ ayin wadis piinɛ ayi la dabpisi nɛ anii daar zugraan na’anya’ad sɔ’ ya’a pʋ paam vɔɔt la ka di paae pisnu kɔbiga pʋʋginɛ. Banɛ da nya’ zugraan na’am la anɛ onɛ da zin’i kʋk la zug, Zugraan John Dramani Mahama onɛ bɛ National Democratic Congress (NDC), nɛ Nana Akufo-Addo onɛ bɛ New Patriotic Party (NPP) nɛ na’anya’adiba ayuobʋ sieba.[3]

Onɛ da zin’i kʋk la zug, Zugraan John Dramani Mahama da di zugraan vɔɔtʋg la nɛ vɔɔt pisnu du'ali ayɔpɔi kɔbiga pʋʋgin (50.7%) yi vɔɔt la wʋsa pʋʋgin, o da gaad zi’esim kanɛ ka ba mak la nɛ vɔɔt tusa bi’ela gu’ ka amaligim vɔɔt lɛn kae. Nana Akufo-Addo da paam vɔɔt pisnaasi nɛ ayɔpɔi du’al pisyɔpɔi nɛ anaasi kɔbiga pʋʋgin (47.74%).[4] Banɛ da pʋ di la da yɛl ye Electoral Commission (EC) [5]da fɛndis vɔɔt lanɛ, ka da mɔr pian’ad la keŋ Ghana Supreme Court ye ba maligim gɔs vɔɔt la kaalʋg la da an si’em. NPP da mɔr dinɛ ka ba ye "pink sheets" ka di paae ban tusa piinɛ yinne (11,000) ka di nar ye piyamnam la maki ba nɛ gbambanɛ ka EC, NDC nɛ na’adɔbanɛ kpɛlim la. Pink sheets bama pa’al ye ba kaalnɛ vɔɔtʋg zin’ig yinne ka naan la’asi ba ken tuon, nwɛnɛ municipality, district nɛ region nam. NPP da yɛl ye kal la pʋ zɛm taaba nwɛnɛ din nar si’em vɔɔtʋg zin’igin la, nɛ banɛ ka ba kaali la’as la, ka ye “pink sheets” la na nyaŋi pa’al nɛ’.

Ba da vɔɔt Mahama ka o yʋ’ʋn keŋi o mɛŋ on da lieb zugraan nwadisa anu John Atta Mills, onɛ da gbirigi maal ka’alim tʋʋma ni yʋʋm tusa ayi nɛ piinɛ ayi nwadisa ayɔpɔi la ni.[6]

Ti’ebʋg

Biometric vɔɔtʋg

Electoral Commission of Ghana da maal biometric vɔɔtʋg yʋda sɔbʋg nwadisa atan dabpisi nɛ anaasi, yʋʋm tusa ayi nɛ piinɛ ayi la ni paae yʋʋm tusa ayi nɛ piinɛ ayi nwadisa anu la daba anu daar. Gban’akaŋa da anɛ ye di gu’ ka nidib da sɔbi ba yʋda nɔɔrim babiga ka mɛ yis banɛ kpi yʋda vɔɔt gbaʋŋ la ni[7][8][9]

Vɔɔtʋg titɔdis

Ba da paasnɛ constituency nam pisnaasi nɛ anu (45) constituency nam kɔbisyi nɛ pistan (230) Ghana 2008 vɔɔtʋgin la.[10] Ba da maal vɔɔtʋg lanɛ constituency nam kɔbisyi nɛ pisyɔpɔi nɛ anu (275) la wʋsa nɛ vɔɔtʋg zin’is tusa pisi nɛ ayuobʋ nɛ ayi (26002).

Coalition of Domestic Election Observers (CODEO) da pa’al nidib ye ba gɔs ye vɔɔtʋg la ken wala ka da tʋm nidib tusa anaasi 4000 Ghana wʋsa ye ba gɔs vɔɔtʋg la yɛla.[11][12]

Nidib mɛ da naan ECOWAS Observer Mission dinɛ ka Nigeria zugraan kʋdʋg, General Olusegun Obasanjo da aan ba tuon gat la kena ye ba gɔs vɔɔtʋg la ken si’em. Ba da nyɛ masin nam la mɔr daʋŋ si’em tis vɔɔtʋg la ka di pʋ an nyain nwɛnɛ din nar ye di an si’em.[13]

Pre-election controversy

Ba da zɛrig labaya tʋntʋnnib bɛdegʋ nɛ ban pʋ pian’ vɔɔtʋg la yɛla din nar si’em la.[14]

Zugraan John Atta Mills da maal ka’alim la nya’aŋ, Electoral Commission of Ghana tuon gat Kwadwo Afari-Gyan da yɛl ye vɔɔtʋg suor la pʋ tiakɛ ka di anɛ na’adɔɔg yɛl ka National Democratic Congress dim mɔr suor ka ba gaŋ onɛ ka ba bɔɔd ka o aan ba zugraan na’anya’ad.[6]

Dinɛ ka nidib bɛdegʋ da pian’ad anɛ ban da pʋ tis Nana Konadu Agyeman Rawlings, tuon gati tis na’adɔkanɛ ka ban am maal, National Democratic Party la. Nɛ’ da yinɛ gbɛlima da bɛ gbambanɛ ka o da mɔri keŋ tis Electoral Commission la.[15]

Zugraan na’anya’ad

Na’anya’adiba anii yʋda da bɛ vɔɔt gbaʋŋʋn la.[3]

Na’adɔɔg Na’anya’ad Pʋ’ʋsim Dʋ’am dabisir Tendu’adg nɛ Region Highest Educational Qualification Institution Present or Last Employer Position Tʋʋma Pʋ’adiir/sid kulig yɛla
People's National Convention Hassan Ayariga Muslim 4 September 1972 Bawku, Upper East Region Ex. Masters in Governance and Leadership Graduate School of Governance and Leadership Clean Up Ghana Managing Director Accountancy Married
National Democratic Congress John Dramani Mahama Christian 29 November 1958 Bole, Northern Region Post Graduate Degree University of Ghana Government of Ghana President of the Republic of Ghana Communications/media Married
Progressive People's Party Papa Kwesi Nduom Catholic 15 February 1953 Elmina, Central Region PHD University of Wisconsin First National Savings and Loans Company CEO Management consultant Married
New Patriotic Party Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo Christian 29 March 1944 Kyebi, Eastern Region Bsc. Econ University of Ghana Government of Ghana Minister for Foreign Affairs Legal practitioner Married
Convention People's Party Michael Abu Sakara Foster Christian 15 August 1958 Mankuna, Northern Region Doctor of Philosophy University of Reading Unknown Executive Director Agronomist Married
United Front Party Akwasi Addai Odike Christian 13 September 1964 Adwumakase Kese, Ashanti Region 'O' Level Aduman Secondary School Odike Ventures CEO Businessman Married
Independent Candidate Jacob Osei Yeboah Christian 28 October 1968 Atonsu, Nsuta, Ashanti Region MBA University of Warwick Vital Source Limited Director for West Africa Engineering consultant Married
Great Consolidated Popular Party Henry Herbert Lartey Christian 5 February 1954 Osu, Greater Accra Region MBA Economics and Finance University of Bath Unknown Executive Director Finance, agriculture, and international trade Single

Zugraan nya’andɔlib

Nimbama ka ba na’adɔɔg nɛ Electoral Commission of Ghana da siaki tis suor ye ba an nya’andɔlib tis zugraan na’anya’adib banɛ da bɛ yʋʋm tusa ayi nɛ piinɛ ayin nwadis piinɛ ayi daba ayɔpɔi daar[16]

Na’adɔɔg Na’anya’ad yʋ’ʋr Daʋ/pʋ’a Tʋʋma
People's National Convention Helen Sanorita Dzatugbe Matrevi F Bilingual translator
National Democratic Congress Kwesi Amissah-Arthur M Economist
Progressive People's Party Eva Lokko F Engineer
New Patriotic Party Mahamudu Bawumia M Economist
Convention People's Party Nana Akosua Frimpomaa F Social activist
United Front Party Fred Osei Agyen M Agriculturist
Independent Candidate Kelvin Nii Tackie M Business executive
Great Consolidated Popular Party John Amekah M Retired educationist

Vɔɔt kal

Zugraan nam

Na’anya’ad Nya’andɔl Na’adɔɔg Vɔɔt kal Kɔbiga pʋʋgin

(%)

John Dramani Mahama Kwesi Amissah-Arthur National Democratic Congress 5,574,761 50.70
Nana Akufo-Addo Mahamudu Bawumia New Patriotic Party 5,248,898 47.74
Paa Kwesi Nduom Eva Lokko Progressive People's Party 64,362 0.59
Henry Herbert Lartey John Amekah Great Consolidated Popular Party 38,223 0.35
Ayariga Hassan Helen Sanorita Dzatugbe Matrevi People's National Convention 24,617 0.22
Michael Abu Sakara Foster Nana Akosua Frimpomaa Convention People's Party 20,323 0.18
Jacob Osei Yeboah Kelvin Nii Tackie Independent 15,201 0.14
Akwasi Addai Odike Fred Osei Agyen United Front Party 8,877 0.08
Total 10,995,262 100.00
Vɔɔt sʋma 10,995,262 97.76
Vɔɔtbanɛ san’am 251,720 2.24
Vɔɔt wʋsa 11,246,982 100.00
Banɛ nar ye ba vɔɔt 14,158,890 79.43
Source: Electoral Commission of Ghana

Wadmaannib

Na’adɔɔg Vɔɔt Kɔbiga pʋʋgin

(%)

Kʋgʋs +/–
New Patriotic Party 5,248,862 47.51 122 +15
National Democratic Congress 5,127,671 46.41 148 +32
Progressive People's Party 182,649 1.65 0 0
Convention People's Party 81,009 0.73 1 0
People's National Convention 72,618 0.66 1 –1
National Democratic Party 33,857 0.31 0 0
Inter-Party Cooperation 15,561 0.14 0 0
United Front Party 3,322 0.03 0 0
Democratic People's Party 3,013 0.03 0 0
New Vision Party 1,232 0.01 0 0
United Renaissance Party 840 0.01 0 0
Independent People's Party 679 0.01 0 0
Great Consolidated Popular Party 653 0.01 0 0
Yes People's Party 145 0.00 0 0
United Renaissance Party 140 0.00 0 0
Ghana Freedom Party 77 0.00 0 0
Independents 275,781 2.50 3 –1
Total 11,048,109 100.00 275 +45
Valid votes 11,048,109 98.41
Invalid/blank votes 178,243 1.59
Total votes 11,226,352 100.00
Registered voters/turnout 15,031,680 74.68
Source: Electoral Commission of Ghana

Gbanvɛɛnsa

  1. https://web.archive.org/web/20130213053408/http://www.ec.gov.gh/page.php?page=484&section=50&typ=1
  2. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20649951
  3. 3.0 3.1 https://web.archive.org/web/20141231205804/http://www.ec.gov.gh/page.php?page=495&section=45&typ=1
  4. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20661599
  5. http://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-ghana-election-idUKBRE8B809120121209
  6. 6.0 6.1 http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2012/07/20127259518486684.html
  7. http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2011/12/20111251412526848.html
  8. http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/NewsArchive/artikel.php?ID=227516
  9. https://web.archive.org/web/20130906205324/http://politics.thinkghana.com/pages/elections/201204/57923.php
  10. http://www.modernghana.com/news/424647/1/controversy-over-the-creation-of-45-new-constituen.html
  11. http://www.ghanabusinessnews.com/2012/11/04/codeo-to-deploy-observers-for-2012-elections/
  12. http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/politics/artikel.php?ID=258738
  13. http://www.modernghana.com/news/434914/1/electoral-challenges-has-not-undermined-election-p.html
  14. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/ghana/9733745/Ghana-John-Mahama-declared-election-winner.html
  15. http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/NewsArchive/artikel.php?ID=253597
  16. https://web.archive.org/web/20141231205804/http://www.ec.gov.gh/page.php?page=495&section=45&typ=1