Wp/syl/ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠤ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ

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w:WP:STUB ꠁ ꠙꠣꠔꠣ ꠁꠈꠣꠘ ꠀꠛꠧ ꠇꠥꠠꠤ ꠞꠂꠍꠦ ⁕ ꠈꠣꠟꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠃꠑꠣꠘꠤꠞ ꠟꠣꠉꠤ ꠀꠞꠝ꠆ꠛ ꠇꠞꠣ ꠅꠁꠍꠦ ⁕ ꠁꠟꠣꠘ ꠀꠞꠅ ꠘꠄꠀ ꠇꠥꠠꠤꠘ꠆ꠔꠞ ꠙꠣꠔꠣꠁꠘ ꠖꠦꠈꠂꠘ ⁕ ꠁ ꠛꠦꠙꠣꠞꠦ ꠀꠙꠘꠣꠁꠘ꠆ꠔꠞ ꠇꠥꠘꠔꠣ ꠙꠥꠞꠣꠘꠤꠞ ꠕꠣꠇ꠆ꠟꠦ ꠟꠇ꠆ꠖꠤ ꠟꠦꠈꠤꠀ ꠙꠣꠔꠣ ꠁꠈꠣꠘ ꠀꠞꠧ ꠛꠟꠣꠁꠔꠣ ꠙꠣꠞꠂꠘ ⁕

ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠅ ꠜꠣꠡꠣꠁꠘ
language family
Subclass ofIndo-Iranian, South Asian languages ꠟꠦꠈ
Stack Exchange taghttps://linguistics.stackexchange.com/tags/indo-aryan ꠟꠦꠈ

ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠤ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠘꠣꠄ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥ ꠀꠞꠤ ꠜꠣꠡꠣꠁꠘ

ꠜꠣꠡꠣꠁꠘ[edit | edit source]

ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠅ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠅ ꠝꠣꠔꠇꠕꠣꠞ ꠔꠚꠣꠔ[edit | edit source]

ꠢꠇꠟ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠅ-ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠅ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠅꠞ ꠟꠞꠣꠢꠥꠘꠣꠞꠇꠟ ꠄꠇ꠆ꠟꠉꠦ ꠝꠤꠟꠣꠁꠀ ꠖꠦꠈꠣ

ꠜꠣꠅꠄꠟꠣꠁꠘ[edit | edit source]

ꠝꠥꠀꠔꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ
ld /iː i eː e ɨː ɨ əː ə aː a ɔː ɔ oː o uː u/ ꠇꠣꠡ꠆ꠝꠤꠞꠤ
lb /ɪ iː ʊ uː e eː ə~ɐ əː o oː æ~ɛ a aː ɔ/ ꠝꠘꠤꠙꠥꠞꠤ
l৩ /iː i eː e æː æ aː a ə oː o uː u/ ꠡꠤꠋꠅꠟ
l0 /i ɪ e ɛ · a ə · ɔo ʊ u/ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥꠍ꠆ꠔꠣꠘꠤ ꠨ ꠙꠣꠘ꠆ꠎꠣꠛꠤ ꠨ ꠡꠤꠘ꠆ꠗꠤ ꠨ ꠇꠣꠌ꠆ꠌꠤ ꠨ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠇꠣ ꠨ ꠞꠣꠎꠤꠍ꠆ꠔꠣꠘꠤ
9 /i ɪ e æ~ɛ · a ə · o ʊ u/ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠒꠥꠉ꠆ꠞꠤ ꠨ ꠞꠥꠗꠣꠞꠤ ꠨ ꠝꠣꠘ꠆ꠖꠦꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠙꠣꠋꠅꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠈꠣꠡꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠌꠥꠞꠣꠁ) ꠨ ꠡꠣꠞꠣꠁꠇꠤ
/i ɪ e · a ə · ɔo ʊ u/ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠡꠖꠌꠤ ꠨ ꠡꠥꠞꠈꠥꠟꠤ)
/i ɪ e ɛ · a · ɔo ʊ u/ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠎꠘꠡꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠢꠥꠟꠣꠡꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠇꠥꠟ꠆ꠟꠥꠁ)
8 /i e ɛ · a ə · ɔo u/ ꠉꠥꠎ꠆ꠞꠣꠐꠤ
/i e ɛ a · ɒ ɔ o u/ ꠀꠡꠣꠝꠤ
/i ɪ e · a ə · o ʊ u/ ꠢꠣꠟ꠆ꠛꠤ ꠨ ꠜꠣꠐ꠆ꠐꠤ ꠨ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠉꠠꠀꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠌꠣꠝꠦꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠉꠣꠖ꠆ꠖꠤ)
V /i e æ · a · ɔo u/ ꠛꠦꠋꠉꠟꠤ
d /i e a · ɔo u/ ꠅꠠꠤꠀ ꠨ ꠛꠤꠡ꠆ꠘꠥꠙꠥꠞꠤ
/i e · a ə · o u/ ꠝꠣꠞꠣꠑꠤ ꠨ ꠘꠦꠙꠣꠟꠤ ꠟꠣꠝ꠆ꠛꠣꠖꠤ ꠨ ꠍꠣꠗ꠆ꠞꠤ
/i e · a · o u/ ꠞꠥꠝꠣꠘꠤ (ꠁꠃꠞꠥꠙꠤ)
/i e · a · ɔ u/ ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ

ꠘꠣꠇꠥꠀ[edit | edit source]

Nasals Languages
/m/ /n/ /ɳ/ /ɲ/ /ŋ/
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Dogri, Kacchi, Kalasha, Rudhari, Shina, Saurashtri, Sindhi, Saraiki
Yes Yes No Yes Yes Sinhala
Yes Yes Yes No Yes Nepali,[1] Kalami, Odia, Dhundhari, Pashayi, Marwari
Yes Yes Yes Yes No Dhivehi[2]
Yes Yes Yes No No Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Marathi, Punjabi, Rajasthani (Marwari)
Yes Yes No No Yes ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ ꠝꠣꠔꠘꠦꠙꠣꠟꠤ ꠝꠣꠔꠀꠡꠣꠝꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠛꠦꠋꠉꠟꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ
Yes Yes No No No Urdu, Romani, Domari

ꠇꠘꠌꠘꠦꠘ꠆ꠐꠣꠁꠘ[edit | edit source]

Stops Languages
/p/ // /ʈ/ ~ /t/ /ʈ͡ʂ/ /t͡ʃ/ ~ /t͡ɕ/ /t͡s/ /k/ /q/
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Khowar, Shina, Bashkarik, Kalasha
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Gawarbati, Phalura, Shumashti, Kanyawali, Pashai
Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Marathi, Konkani, certain W. Pahari dialects (Bhadrawahi, Bhalesi, Mandeali, Padari, Simla, Satlej, maybe Kulu), Kashmiri, E. and N. dialects of Bengali (parts of Dhaka, Mymensingh, Rajshahi)
Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Hindustani, Punjabi, Dogri, Sindhi, Gujarati, Sinhala, Odia, Standard Bengali, dialects of Rajasthani (except Lamani, NW. Marwari, S. Mewari), Sanskrit,[3] Prakrit, Pali, Maithili, Magahi, Bhojpuri
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No Romani, Domari, Kholosi
Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No Nepali, dialects of Rajasthani (Lamani and NW. Marwari), Northern Lahnda's Kagani, Kumauni, many West Pahari dialects (not Chamba Mandeali, Jaunsari, or Sirmauri)
Yes Yes Yes No No No Yes No Rajasthani's S. Mewari
Yes No Yes No No No Yes No Assamese
No Yes Yes No No No Yes No Chittagonian
No Yes Yes No No No No No ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ

  1. Only some speakers have a /ɳ/
  2. Unclear status of /ɲ/
  3. In Sanskrit, probably /cɕ/ is a more correct representation. Sometimes, only for representation, /c/ is also used.