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Wp/syl/ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠤ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ

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Wp > syl > ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠤ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ

w:WP:STUB ꠁ ꠙꠣꠔꠣ ꠁꠈꠣꠘ ꠀꠛꠧ ꠇꠥꠠꠤ ꠞꠂꠍꠦ ⁕ ꠈꠣꠟꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠃꠑꠣꠘꠤꠞ ꠟꠣꠉꠤ ꠀꠞꠝ꠆ꠛ ꠇꠞꠣ ꠅꠁꠍꠦ ⁕ ꠁꠟꠣꠘ ꠀꠞꠅ ꠘꠄꠀ ꠇꠥꠠꠤꠘ꠆ꠔꠞ ꠙꠣꠔꠣꠁꠘ ꠖꠦꠈꠂꠘ ⁕ ꠁ ꠛꠦꠙꠣꠞꠦ ꠀꠙꠘꠣꠁꠘ꠆ꠔꠞ ꠇꠥꠘꠔꠣ ꠙꠥꠞꠣꠘꠤꠞ ꠕꠣꠇ꠆ꠟꠦ ꠟꠇ꠆ꠖꠤ ꠟꠦꠈꠤꠀ ꠙꠣꠔꠣ ꠁꠈꠣꠘ ꠀꠞꠧ ꠛꠟꠣꠁꠔꠣ ꠙꠣꠞꠂꠘ ⁕

ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠅ ꠜꠣꠡꠣꠁꠘ
language family
Subclass ofIndo-Iranian, South Asian languages ꠟꠦꠈ
Stack Exchange taghttps://linguistics.stackexchange.com/tags/indo-aryan ꠟꠦꠈ

ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠤ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠘꠣꠄ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥ ꠀꠞꠤ ꠜꠣꠡꠣꠁꠘ

ꠜꠣꠡꠣꠁꠘ[edit | edit source]

ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠅ ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠅ ꠝꠣꠔꠇꠕꠣꠞ ꠔꠚꠣꠔ[edit | edit source]

ꠢꠇꠟ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠅ-ꠀꠞ꠆ꠎꠅ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠅꠞ ꠟꠞꠣꠢꠥꠘꠣꠞꠇꠟ ꠄꠇ꠆ꠟꠉꠦ ꠝꠤꠟꠣꠁꠀ ꠖꠦꠈꠣ

ꠜꠣꠅꠄꠟꠣꠁꠘ[edit | edit source]

ꠝꠥꠀꠔꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ
ld /iː i eː e ɨː ɨ əː ə aː a ɔː ɔ oː o uː u/ ꠇꠣꠡ꠆ꠝꠤꠞꠤ
lb /ɪ iː ʊ uː e eː ə~ɐ əː o oː æ~ɛ a aː ɔ/ ꠝꠘꠤꠙꠥꠞꠤ
l৩ /iː i eː e æː æ aː a ə oː o uː u/ ꠡꠤꠋꠅꠟ
l0 /i ɪ e ɛ · a ə · ɔo ʊ u/ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠥꠍ꠆ꠔꠣꠘꠤ ꠨ ꠙꠣꠘ꠆ꠎꠣꠛꠤ ꠨ ꠡꠤꠘ꠆ꠗꠤ ꠨ ꠇꠣꠌ꠆ꠌꠤ ꠨ ꠁꠘ꠆ꠖꠇꠣ ꠨ ꠞꠣꠎꠤꠍ꠆ꠔꠣꠘꠤ
9 /i ɪ e æ~ɛ · a ə · o ʊ u/ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠒꠥꠉ꠆ꠞꠤ ꠨ ꠞꠥꠗꠣꠞꠤ ꠨ ꠝꠣꠘ꠆ꠖꠦꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠙꠣꠋꠅꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠈꠣꠡꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠌꠥꠞꠣꠁ) ꠨ ꠡꠣꠞꠣꠁꠇꠤ
/i ɪ e · a ə · ɔo ʊ u/ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠡꠖꠌꠤ ꠨ ꠡꠥꠞꠈꠥꠟꠤ)
/i ɪ e ɛ · a · ɔo ʊ u/ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠎꠘꠡꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠢꠥꠟꠣꠡꠣꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠇꠥꠟ꠆ꠟꠥꠁ)
8 /i e ɛ · a ə · ɔo u/ ꠉꠥꠎ꠆ꠞꠣꠐꠤ
/i e ɛ a · ɒ ɔ o u/ ꠀꠡꠣꠝꠤ
/i ɪ e · a ə · o ʊ u/ ꠢꠣꠟ꠆ꠛꠤ ꠨ ꠜꠣꠐ꠆ꠐꠤ ꠨ ꠙꠌ꠆ꠝꠞ ꠙꠣꠀꠠꠤ (ꠉꠠꠀꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠌꠣꠝꠦꠟꠤ ꠨ ꠉꠣꠖ꠆ꠖꠤ)
V /i e æ · a · ɔo u/ ꠛꠦꠋꠉꠟꠤ
d /i e a · ɔo u/ ꠅꠠꠤꠀ ꠨ ꠛꠤꠡ꠆ꠘꠥꠙꠥꠞꠤ
/i e · a ə · o u/ ꠝꠣꠞꠣꠑꠤ ꠨ ꠘꠦꠙꠣꠟꠤ ꠟꠣꠝ꠆ꠛꠣꠖꠤ ꠨ ꠍꠣꠗ꠆ꠞꠤ
/i e · a · o u/ ꠞꠥꠝꠣꠘꠤ (ꠁꠃꠞꠥꠙꠤ)
/i e · a · ɔ u/ ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ

ꠘꠣꠇꠥꠀ[edit | edit source]

Nasals Languages
/m/ !! /n/ !! /ɳ/ !! /ɲ/ !! /ŋ/
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Dogri, Kacchi, Kalasha, Rudhari, Shina, Saurashtri, Sindhi, Saraiki
Yes Yes No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || Sinhala
Yes Yes Yes No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || Nepali,[1] Kalami, Odia, Dhundhari, Pashayi, Marwari
Yes Yes Yes Yes No || Dhivehi[2]
Yes Yes Yes No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || Gujarati, Hindi, Kashmiri, Marathi, Punjabi, Rajasthani (Marwari)
Yes Yes No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ ꠝꠣꠔꠘꠦꠙꠣꠟꠤ ꠝꠣꠔꠀꠡꠣꠝꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ ꠛꠦꠋꠉꠟꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ
Yes Yes No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || Urdu, Romani, Domari

ꠇꠘꠌꠘꠦꠘ꠆ꠐꠣꠁꠘ[edit | edit source]

Stops Languages
/p/ !! // !! /ʈ/ ~ /t/ !! /ʈ͡ʂ/ !! /t͡ʃ/ ~ /t͡ɕ/ !! /t͡s/ !! /k/ !! /q/
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Khowar, Shina, Bashkarik, Kalasha
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No || Gawarbati, Phalura, Shumashti, Kanyawali, Pashai
Yes Yes Yes No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || Marathi, Konkani, certain W. Pahari dialects (Bhadrawahi, Bhalesi, Mandeali, Padari, Simla, Satlej, maybe Kulu), Kashmiri, E. and N. dialects of Bengali (parts of Dhaka, Mymensingh, Rajshahi)
Yes Yes Yes No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || Hindustani, Punjabi, Dogri, Sindhi, Gujarati, Sinhala, Odia, Standard Bengali, dialects of Rajasthani (except Lamani, NW. Marwari, S. Mewari), Sanskrit,[3] Prakrit, Pali, Maithili, Magahi, Bhojpuri
Yes No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || Romani, Domari, Kholosi
Yes Yes Yes No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || Nepali, dialects of Rajasthani (Lamani and NW. Marwari), Northern Lahnda's Kagani, Kumauni, many West Pahari dialects (not Chamba Mandeali, Jaunsari, or Sirmauri)
Yes Yes Yes No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || Rajasthani's S. Mewari
Yes No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || Assamese
No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || Chittagonian
No || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="Yes" style="background: #DFD; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-yes2" |Yes || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || data-sort-value="No" style="background: #FFE3E3; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center; " class="table-no2" | No || ꠍꠤꠟꠐꠤ ꠝꠣꠔ

  1. Only some speakers have a /ɳ/
  2. Unclear status of /ɲ/
  3. In Sanskrit, probably /cɕ/ is a more correct representation. Sometimes, only for representation, /c/ is also used.