Wy/hbs/Brno

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Panorama Brna
Biskupska palača i Katedrala svetog Petra i Pavla

Brno (njemački: Brünn, Štatl na lokalnom dijalektu) je glavni grad Moravske (povijesna regija u Češkoj). To je najveći grad u Moravskoj i drugi najveći grad u Češkoj po broju stanovnika i površini. Osnovan je oko 1000. godine; a od 14. stoljeća grad je služio kao glavni grad Moravske. Brno je srce Moravske i njezino kulturno središte; dom je mnogih institucija povezanih s moravskom poviješću i kulturom. Ujedno, Brno predstavlja administrativno središte suvremene južnomoravske regije. Ima oko 380.000 stanovnika, a nalazi se u prekrasnom prirodnom okruženju između južnomoravskih vinograda i moravskog krša.

Za razumjeti[edit | edit source]

Nova gradska vijećnica (koja je zapravo jako stara, da ime ne zavara).

Grad je osnovan prije oko 1000 godina, status grada dobio je 1243. godine, a stoljećima je bio glavni grad Moravske, sve do 1948. godine kada su komunisti ukinuli autonomiju Moravske. Grad je procvao uglavnom tijekom 19. stoljeća. Današnje Brno je mješavina mnogo različitih arhitektonskih stilova i ima mnogo lijepih mjesta. Ali ipak, to je dom velike kulture i bezbroj je lijepih zgrada, a grad ima treću najveću povijesnu očuvanu zonu u zemlji (najveća je u Pragu, druga po veličini je u Olomoucu). Postoje tri dvorca, Špilberk (bivši kraljevski dvorac i nekadašnje sjedište vladara Moravske), dvorac Veveří (u blizini jezera Brno) i dvorac Líšeň.

Brno nije posebno poznato turistima pa možete lako izbjeći gužvu i preskupe usluge.

Brno je kulturno središte Moravske, dom je niza značajnih moravskih institucija, npr. Moravska galerija, Moravski muzej, Narodno kazalište Brno i Gradsko kazalište Brno. To je grad s dugom tradicijom u automobilističkim utrkama (na Masarykovom krugu), ogromnim izložbama i sajmovima (u Srednjoeuropskom izložbenom centru), te kao živahan sveučilišni grad. U Brnu, gradu sa 380.000 stanovnika, ima oko 89.000 studenata, što ga čini najvećim studentskim gradom u zemlji prema postotku stanovništva. Od 1998. godine postoji i međunarodno natjecanje u vatrometu koje se održava svake godine krajem svibnja i početkom lipnja - Ignis Brunensis, koje svakog dana privuče oko 100.000-200.000 posjetitelja.

Najzanimljivija mjesta u Brnu su Podzemlje Brna, labirint podzemnih podruma koji uključuje drugu najveću kosturnicu u Europi (nakon pariških katakombi), dva (ili tri) dvorca u Brnu, katedralu na brdu Petrov (Papa Benedikt XVI. posjetio je katedralu 2009. godine), baziliku Uznesenja Gospe u starom Brnu, crkvu sv. Jakova, Moravski muzej (najveći muzej u Moravskoj i drugi po veličini u zemlji), park Lužánky koji je najstariji javni park u zemlji, Denis Gardens, te razni povijesni trgovi, crkve, palače i druge zanimljive građevine.

Postoje i mnoga mjesta koja bi mogla biti vrijedna posjeta izvan centra grada, poput starog židovskog groblja u Brno-Židenicama (po području, najveće u Moravskoj), ili Marijanske doline u Brno-Líšeňu, to je slap jezera između šumovitih brežuljaka. Sa sjevera Brno je okruženo brdima i vrlo ugodnom prirodom, a vjerojatno je najistaknutije mjesto Moravski krš.

Brno je izgubilo status glavnog grada, ali se i dalje ponaša kao "kozmopolitska" prijestolnica, ima bogatu ponudu raznih kulturnih događanja, klubova, pubova itd., te nekoliko izvrsnih muzeja i kazališta. Također postoje dvije zanimljivosti o kazalištima u Brnu, teatar Reduta je najstarija kazališna zgrada u srednjoj Europi, a kazalište Mahen (dio Narodnog kazališta Brno) prvo je kazalište u cijeloj Europi koje je osvijetljeno električnim žaruljama Thomasa Edisona. (u to vrijeme to je bio samo četverogodišnji izum). Brno također služi kao glavni grad sudske vlasti Češke (sjedište je Ustavnog suda, Vrhovnog suda, Vrhovnog upravnog suda) i mnogih drugih državnih tijela, a ostatak se nalazi u Pragu.

Tourist information[edit | edit source]

Dolazak[edit | edit source]

Željeznicom[edit | edit source]

Vidi također: Putovanja željeznicom u Češkoj

Brno je važna stanica na željezničkoj pruzi Prag–Beč i Prag–Bratislava–Budimpešta; svi IC, EC i Railjet vlakovi staju ovdje. Za neke vlakove koji dolaze iz Praga, to je terminalna stanica.

Željeznička pruga kroz Brno je u nadogradnji, s radom od aprila 2021. do augusta 2022. Vlakovi će i dalje prometovati, ali s izmijenjenim voznim redom.

  • Prag: 2½ sata, IC/EC/RailJet vlakovi svakih 30 minuta do svakog sata: Standardne karte su skupe (redovna cijena karte je 360 ​​Kč), ali postoje jeftiniji načini: Možete dobiti kartu SuperAkční za 119 Kč ili Včasná ulaznica za 205 Kč. Karta SuperAkční može se koristiti samo za određeni vlak. Postoji ograničen broj SuperAkční i Včasná karata za određeni vlak ili dan i općenito su dostupne samo ako karte kupite unaprijed. Sve vrste karata možete kupiti online i na blagajni na željezničkoj stanici. Za redovna putovanja dobro je kupiti ČD karticu vjernosti (In Karta), pogledajte Češka_Republika#Karte_željeznicom. Novi operater RegioJet pruža uslugu vlaka devet puta dnevno. Ulaznice se uglavnom prodaju online i počinju od 99 Kč.
  • Olomouc: 1½ h, svaka 2 sata: Pazite da uđete u odgovarajući vlak, jer drugi vlak za Brno preko Břeclava polazi otprilike u isto vrijeme što će vašem putovanju dodati još 2 sata.
  • Ostrava: 2¼ sata, svaki sat
  • Bratislava: 1½ h, EC vlakovi svaka 2 sata
  • České Budějovice: 4½ sata, svaka 2 sata
  • Beč: 1¾ h, Railjet vlakovi svaka 2 sata (polazak s Wien HbF stanice, iako možete polaziti i s drugih stanica dalje od centra grada)
  • Rijeka: noćni Regiojet dolazi ovdje na putu za Prag.

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By car[edit | edit source]

Using highways - D1 highway from Prague and Ostrava or using any of the national roads, D2 from Bratislava or D52 from south (it runs towards Vienna, but ends about 25 km ahead of borders). For the highway you have to buy a toll sticker.

By bus[edit | edit source]

There are coach services from various European destinations including Prague where frequent buses run touting assorted amenities and stops (such as Prague Airport). Timetable of all buses (including international) can be found on IDOS.

Two main bus station are used. A few hundred meters north of train station is Template:Marker, used e.g. by RegioJet (formerly Student Agency). A much bigger but also much more remote station Template:Marker is used by local and international buses. Usually buses only stop at one of the stations, check your ticket which one it is upfront.

Taxi[edit | edit source]

Try to avoid getting taxi on the street (public transportation is always the better option in Brno) and if you have to, try to negotiate the price in advance. For taxis hailed on the street, the maximum price set by the city council is 30 Kč/km. It's advisable to call one of the major Brno Taxi services:

By plane[edit | edit source]

Ryanair flies in 2017 up to 7 times a week a week to London-Stansted. Wizzair flies to London-Luton 3 times a week and twice a week to Eindhoven. During summer there are also various flights to Bulgaria, Egypt and Greece. Bus 76 runs every 30 minutes from about 04:30–23:30 to the bus and train stations in the city center. Fare is 25 Kč, and you can buy your ticket beforehand in the information centre or the ticket machine in the airport. At night there is a connection by night bus line N89.

Other airports in the major cities "nearby", accessible within 1-2½ hours, include:

By boat[edit | edit source]

An unconventional, but beautiful way to get to Brno (well, from just outside town) is to take a boat from the village of Veverská Bitýška, which takes you (in summer season only) on a trip across Brněnská přehrada (Brno dam lake) to Brno-Bystrc. From there you can continue to the city centre by tram.

Get around[edit | edit source]

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Tramvaj blizu glavnog željezničkog kolodvora u Brnu.

The Integrated Transport System of the Southern Moravia Region (IDS JMK) covers public transport over Brno and the whole Southern Moravia Region; it includes local trains, trams, buses and trolleybuses. Daytime transport ends up at 23:00, the night buses go hourly and have central transfer node at Main Station. Some night buses have a connection to night buses in the region, so you can get from Brno at night to surrounding villages.

For journeys within the city, a short transfer ticket (valid 15 min, 20 Kč) and long transfer ticket (60 min, 25 Kč) are available. Tickets are available at yellow ticket vending machines at bus and tram stops, and also at railway station counters. You can buy the 60-minute ticket at driver for 35 Kč.

South Moravia Region is divided into tariff zones. Brno consists of two zones. IDS JMK tickets are valid in all buses and local trains (category Os, Sp and R), the price varies on number of zones you travel over.

One-day network ticket costs 90 Kč for Brno and 190 Kč for the whole region. On weekends up two adults and three children can travel on a single network ticket.

If you decided to bring your bicycle with you, there is a map of bike paths available on Brnonakole.cz. Even though the city centre is flat and easily accessible by bike, it is forbidden to ride a bike in the pedestrian zone (mainly Freedom Square (náměstí Svobody) and surrounding streets) during workdays from 09:00 to 17:00. There is also bike sharing service Rekola (minimum fee is 400 Kč/bike for 2 months). Bike and e-bike rental RentBike.cz is in the city center opposite St. Michael's Church but after reservation via web form they can delivery bike or bikes to you (price is 280 Kč/one way (Nov 2018)). They also do guided bike tours.

See[edit | edit source]

Crkva svetog Tomasa i trg Moravskog proglašenja
Zgrade trga Konečného (ulica Veveri).
Vrtovi Denis
Dvorac Spilberk
Vila Tugendhat
Katedrala svetog Petra i Pavla
Crkva svetog Jamesa
Stara gradska vijećnica

The city center is full of historical buildings, old churches, theaters, fountains, sculptures, clubs, restaurants, etc. It is very compact, so one can just walk around most of the places of interest.

Architecture[edit | edit source]

Culture[edit | edit source]

Scenery[edit | edit source]

Do[edit | edit source]

Vatromet show Ignis Brunensis, iznad dvorca Špilberk.

Buy[edit | edit source]

The ATMs of these banks in the city center do not charge a fee for withdrawing money:
fio banka
KB (Komerční banka)
Raiffeisenbank


Eat[edit | edit source]

Czech food is mostly based on pork, dumplings and potatoes. Another Czech favorite is smažený sýr, fried cheese, which is available at many restaurants and fast food stands. Soups plays an important part in Czech cuisine as it is almost always part of lunch (chicken, beef or vegetable broth, garlic soup, cabbage soup, goulash soup, vegetable soup or mushroom soup).

A good option is to visit one of the many pubs or restaurants that usually offer traditional Czech food all day long. You could easily find a restaurant where you get a meal and a drink for around €5, even in the city center. Many of these places also offer cheaper special (limited, pre-prepared) menus at mid-day. Cafés offer a nice selection of rolls and pastries if you're looking for breakfast food. Visit the cukrárna near the House of the Four Idiots on nam. Svobody and try a rakvička ("little coffin", small pastry covered with cream). This is the only place in the Czech Republic to find the chocolate ones.

Budget[edit | edit source]

City centre[edit | edit source]

North-west of the centre around the Grohova tram station[edit | edit source]

Mid-range[edit | edit source]

There are plenty of restaurants in the city centre, where you can have a decent dinner. Both czech and international cuisine can be found. A very incomplete list of the good restaurants may include:

Splurge[edit | edit source]

Drink[edit | edit source]

The traditional Brno beer is Starobrno, a traditional non-alcoholic drink is kofola (a very different but captivating kind of cola). Both must be tasted in draught form! Although Czechs are famous for their love of beer that love is mostly focused on pale beer, dark beer (černé pivo) is sweet and not very often drunk here. There's quite a few small breweries in the city, among them a small private brewery named Pegas, a block west from the steeple of St James Church (sv. Jakub). The pub is equipped with modern brewing technology, beer is made right in front of the guests' eyes. For a list of other breweries look at this list.

The go-to bar is the cramped and smoky Charlie's Hat (know to most locals simply as Charlie's), east on Koblizna street from the north end of Freedom Square (50 Kč entry, includes drink voucher). A cluster of more down-tempo bars frequented by students can be found along Dominikánská (Kavárna Trojka - students caffee and bar) and Starobrněnská just west of the Zelný trh (cabbage market square). Around the main square you can find a lot of clubs, pubs, restaurants, coffee houses and lounge bars.

Bars in and around Dvořákova street in the city centre include:

Cafés[edit | edit source]

Sleep[edit | edit source]

There are many hotels all around Brno city. You can compare and choose hotels on Brno Hotels Directory.

Budget[edit | edit source]

Mid-range[edit | edit source]

Splurge[edit | edit source]

Stay safe[edit | edit source]

Avoid the main train station after dark as it attracts a number of unsavory characters, the usual caution applies. Also keep a keen eye out when using Automated Teller Machines in the immediate area for similar reasons. The area is also known be actively visited by pick-pockets. Also avoid the Cejl street during dark hours for the same reasons. Take the tram or a bus between the stops Malinovského náměstí and Tkalcovská.

Connect[edit | edit source]

Brno has 4G from all Czech carriers. As of Sept 2021, you might even get 5G but coverage is patchy.

Go next[edit | edit source]

Moravia has a dense cluster of nearby sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List

  • Olomouc: a fine historic university town, with an impressive Plague Column (1½ hour trip)
  • Telč is one of the prettiest towns in the Czech Republic (2 hours trip)
  • Lednice-Valtice is one of the largest artificial landscapes in Europe dotted with palaces and follies (1 hour trip)
  • Třebíč has one of Europe's best preserved Jewish areas (1½ hour trip)
  • Žďár nad Sázavou contains a fine pilgrimage church (1½ hour trip)
  • Kroměříž: an impressive baroque chateau and formal flower gardens (2 hours trip)
  • Beautiful caves of Moravian Karst, with a boat trip inside the cave (45 minute trip)

Places near Brno - trips less than one hour

  • Battlefield Austerlitz (City Slavkov u Brna)
  • Castles: Pernstejn, Bucovice, Slavkov u Brna

Hostels are available in these towns that can be easily reached by bus/train from Brno:
Olomouc (80 km)
Kroměříž (70 km)
Humpolec (100 km) on the way to Prague
Tábor (170 km)
Prague (210 km)

Other places

  • Vienna is easily accessible as a day trip by train or bus (return ticket by train €33, by bus €14)
  • Bratislava is less than an hour away

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