Wp/cpx/Gertrude B. Elion

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Gertrude B. Elion

Gertrude B. Elion1988 néng ē Nobel Seng-lî-ha̍h he̍h I-ha̍h Ciô̤ng deh-cṳ̂.[1]

Chang-kô̤ meóng-he̤̍ng[edit]

Nobel prize medal.svg Nobel Seng-lî-ha̍h he̍h I-ha̍h Ciô̤ng deh-cṳ̂ Nobel prize medal.svg
1901 Emil Behring1902 Ronald Ross1903 Niels Finsen1904 Ivan Pavlov1905 Robert Koch1906 Camillo Golgi / Santiago Ramón y Cajal1907 Alphonse Laveran1908 Élie Metchnikoff / Paul Ehrlich1909 Emil Kocher1910 Albrecht Kossel1911 Allvar Gullstrand1912 Alexis Carrel1913 Charles Richet1914 Róbert Bárány19151916191719181919 Jules Bordet1920 August Krogh19211922 Archibald Hill / Otto Meyerhof1923 Frederick Banting / John Macleod1924 Willem Einthoven19251926 Johannes Fibiger1927 Julius Wagner-Jauregg1928 Charles Nicolle1929 Christiaan Eijkman / Frederick Gowland Hopkins1930 Karl Landsteiner1931 Otto Warburg1932 Charles Scott Sherrington / Edgar Adrian1933 Thomas Morgan1934 George Whipple / George Minot / William Murphy1935 Hans Spemann1936 Henry Dale / Otto Loewi1937 Albert Szent-Györgyi1938 Corneille Heymans1939 Gerhard Domagk1940194119421943 Henrik Dam / Edward Doisy1944 Joseph Erlanger / Herbert Gasser1945 Alexander Fleming / Ernst Chain / Howard Florey1946 Hermann Muller1947 Carl Cori / Gerty Cori / Bernardo Houssay1948 Paul Müller1949 Walter Hess / António Egas Moniz1950 Edward Kendall / Tadeusz Reichstein / Philip Hench1951 Max Theiler1952 Selman Waksman1953 Hans Krebs / Fritz Lipmann1954 John Enders / Thomas Weller / Frederick Robbins1955 Hugo Theorell1956 André Cournand / Werner Forssmann / Dickinson W. Richards1957 Daniel Bovet1958 George Beadle / Edward Tatum / Joshua Lederberg1959 Severo Ochoa / Arthur Kornberg1960 Frank Burnet / Peter Medawar1961 Georg von Békésy1962 Francis Crick / James Watson / Maurice Wilkins1963 John Eccles / Alan Hodgkin / Wp/cpx/Andrew Huxley1964 Konrad Bloch / Feodor Lynen1965 François Jacob / André Lwoff / Jacques Monod1966 Francis Rous / Charles B. Huggins1967 Ragnar Granit / Haldan Hartline / George Wald1968 Robert W. Holley / Har Khorana / Marshall Nirenberg1969 Max Delbrück / Alfred Hershey / Salvador Luria1970 Bernard Katz / Ulf von Euler / Julius Axelrod1971 Earl Sutherland Jr.1972 Gerald Edelman / Rodney Porter1973 Karl von Frisch / Konrad Lorenz / Nikolaas Tinbergen1974 Albert Claude / Christian de Duve / George Palade1975 David Baltimore / Renato Dulbecco / Howard Temin1976 Baruch Blumberg / Daniel Gajdusek1977 Roger Guillemin / Andrew Schally / Rosalyn Yalow1978 Werner Arber / Daniel Nathans / Hamilton O. Smith1979 Allan Cormack / Godfrey Hounsfield1980 Baruj Benacerraf / Jean Dausset / George Snell1981 Roger Sperry / David H. Hubel / Torsten Wiesel1982 Sune Bergström / Bengt I. Samuelsson / John Vane1983 Barbara McClintock1984 Niels Jerne / Georges Köhler / César Milstein1985 Michael Brown / Joseph L. Goldstein1986 Stanley Cohen / Rita Levi-Montalcini1987 Susumu Tonegawa1988 James W. Black / Gertrude B. Elion / George H. Hitchings1989 J. Michael Bishop / Harold E. Varmus1990 Joseph Murray / E. Donnall Thomas1991 Erwin Neher / Bert Sakmann1992 Edmond Fischer / Edwin G. Krebs1993 Richard J. Roberts / Phillip Sharp1994 Alfred G. Gilman / Martin Rodbell1995 Edward B. Lewis / Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard / Eric F. Wieschaus1996 Peter C. Doherty / Rolf M. Zinkernagel1997 Stanley B. Prusiner1998 Robert F. Furchgott / Louis Ignarro / Ferid Murad1999 Günter Blobel2000 Arvid Carlsson / Paul Greengard / Eric Kandel2001 Leland H. Hartwell / Tim Hunt / Paul Nurse2002 Sydney Brenner / H. Robert Horvitz / John E. Sulston2003 Paul Lauterbur / Peter Mansfield2004 Richard Axel / Linda B. Buck2005 Barry Marshall / Robin Warren2006 Andrew Fire / Craig Mello2007 Mario Capecchi / Martin Evans / Oliver Smithies2008 Harald zur Hausen / Luc Montagnier / Françoise Barré-Sinoussi2009 Elizabeth Blackburn / Carol W. Greider / Jack W. Szostak2010 Robert G. Edwards2011 Bruce Beutler / Jules A. Hoffmann / Ralph M. Steinman2012 John B. Gurdon / Yamanaka Shinya2013 James Rothman / Randy Schekman / Thomas C. Südhof2014 John O'Keefe / May-Britt Moser / Edvard Moser2015 William C. Campbell / Ōmura Satoshi / Dó Iū-iū2016 Ohsumi Yoshinori