Wp/cop/ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲗⲓ

From Wikimedia Incubator
< Wp‎ | copWp > cop > ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲗⲓ
ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲗⲓ

ⲛⲉ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲗⲓ (ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧⲁⲣⲁⲃⲟⲥ ‏بطرس غالي‎) ⲡⲉ ⲟⲩⲣⲉⲙⲛϫⲟⲙ ⲛ̀ⲣⲉⲙⲛⲭⲏⲙⲓ.

ⲟⲛϧϥ[edit | edit source]

ⲁⲩⲙⲁⲥϥ ϧⲉⲛ ϯⲣⲟⲙⲡⲓ 1846 ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲓⲭⲱⲣⲓⲟⲛ ⲧⲕⲉⲙⲏⲛ Ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲑⲱϣ ⲫⲙⲁⲙⲡⲥⲱⲟⲩⲁϩ. ⲛⲉ ⲡⲉϥⲓⲱⲧ ⲡⲉ ⲛⲉⲓⲣⲟⲩⲍ ϩⲁⲗⲓ ⲉⲁϥϣⲟⲡ ⲙ̀ⲡⲓⲡⲣⲟⲛⲟⲏⲧⲏⲥ ⲛ̀ⲧⲉ ⲡⲓϣⲏⲣⲓⲛ̀ⲟⲩⲣⲟ ⲙⲟⲥⲧⲉϥⲁ ϥⲁⲧⲉⲗ. ⲁϥϭⲓⲥⲃⲱ ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧⲁⲣⲁⲃⲟⲥ, ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧⲧⲟⲩⲣⲭⲓⲁ, ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧⲡⲉⲣⲥⲏⲥ, ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧⲣⲉⲙⲛⲉⲛⲕⲉⲗⲑⲉⲣⲁ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧⲫⲣⲁⲛⲅⲁⲥ. ⲙⲉⲛⲉⲛⲥⲁ ⲛ̀ϯⲁⲛⲍⲏⲃ ⲙ̀ⲡⲁⲧⲣⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏⲥ ⲁϥⲉⲣ ⲟⲩⲣⲉϥϯⲥⲃⲱ. ⲛⲉ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲗⲓ ⲡⲓⲛⲟϫ ⲛ̀ⲗⲁⲥⲁϧ ⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲓⲥϫⲉⲛ ϯⲣⲟⲙⲡⲓ 1908 ϣⲁ ϯⲣⲟⲙⲡⲓ 1910. ⲁⲩϧⲟⲑⲃϥ ⲉⲃⲟⲗϩⲓⲧⲉⲛ ⲁⲃⲣⲁϩⲁⲙ ⲛⲁⲥⲓϥ ⲁⲗⲟⲩⲉⲣⲇⲁⲛⲓ ϧⲉⲛ ϯⲣⲟⲙⲡⲓ 1910.

ⲧⲉϥⲥⲩⲅⲅⲉⲛⲉⲓⲁ[edit | edit source]

ⲛⲉ ⲟⲩⲟⲛⲧⲉϥ ⲡⲓⲁϣⲁⲓ ⲛ̀ϣⲏⲣⲓ:

  • ⲓⲱⲥⲏⲫ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲗⲓ
    • ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲗⲓ – ⲡⲓⲙⲁϩⲥⲛⲁⲩ ⲙ̀ⲡⲓⲛⲟϭ ⲛ̀ⲟⲩⲥⲉⲣ ⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲡⲓⲁⲡⲟⲣⲕⲏⲥⲁⲣⲏⲥ ⲛ̀ⲧⲉ ⲛⲓϣⲗⲱⲗ ⲉⲧⲧⲟⲙⲓ.
  • ⲟⲩⲉⲥⲓϥ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲗⲓ (1878–1958) – ⲡⲓⲛⲟⲙⲟⲑⲉⲧⲏⲥ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲇⲓⲡⲗⲱⲙⲁⲧⲏⲥ, ⲡⲓⲟⲩⲥⲉⲣ ⲛ̀ⲛⲓⲑⲱϣ ⲛ̀ϣⲉⲙⲙⲟ
  • ⲛⲉϫⲓⲡ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲗⲓ – ⲡⲓⲟⲩⲥⲉⲣ ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧϭⲟ ⲛ̀ⲭⲏⲙⲓ ϧⲉⲛ 1921
  • ⲙⲉⲛⲣⲓⲧ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲗⲓ – ⲡⲓⲥⲁϧ, ⲡⲓⲣⲉϥϫⲱⲛⲧ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲡⲓⲣⲉϥⲉⲣⲛⲁϣϯ