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Wp/cop/Ⲁⲗⲕⲟⲩⲣⲁⲛ

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< Wp‎ | cop
Wp > cop > Ⲁⲗⲕⲟⲩⲣⲁⲛ
Ⲡϣⲉⲣⲡϩⲟ ⲙ̀ⲡⲓⲁⲗⲕⲟⲩⲣⲁⲛ ⲛⲉⲙⲡⲓϣⲟⲣⲡ ⲛ̀ⲕⲉⲫⲁⲗⲉⲟⲛ ⲑⲏ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲟⲛϩ

Ⲡⲓⲁⲗⲕⲟⲩⲣⲁⲛ (ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧⲁ̀ⲣⲁⲃⲟⲥ: القرآن, ⲁⲗⲕⲟⲩⲣⲁⲛ ⲉⲧϫⲉⲣⲉ "ϫⲓⲛⲥⲓϯ ⲛ̀ϯⲟⲩⲗⲗⲓ") ⲡⲉ ⲡⲓϫⲱⲙ ⲉⲑⲟⲩⲁⲃ ⲙ̀ⲡⲁⲗⲓⲥⲗⲁⲙ. Ⲉⲛⲓⲙⲱⲥⲗⲏⲙ ⲫⲁⲓ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲓⲥⲁϫⲓ ⲙ̀ⲫⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲥⲁϫⲓ ⲉ̀ⲥⲁϫⲓ. Ⲡⲁⲓϫⲱⲙ ⲡⲉ ⲡⲓⲁ̀ⲡⲁⲥ ⲛ̀ⲥϧⲓ ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧⲁ̀ⲣⲁⲃⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲥⲉⲥⲱⲟⲩⲛ ⲙ̀ⲫⲟⲟⲩ[1][2].

Ⲉ̀ⲛⲓⲙⲱⲥⲗⲏⲙ ⲡⲓⲁⲗⲕⲟⲩⲣⲁⲛ ϥ̀ⲭⲏ ⲛ̀ϯⲁⲡⲟⲕⲁⲗⲩⲙⲯⲓⲥ ⲉⲧⲁⲩϯ ⲉ̀ⲙⲟϩⲁⲙⲉⲧ ⲡⲓⲡⲣⲟⲫⲏⲧⲏⲥ ⲡⲓϥⲁⲓϣⲓⲛⲓ ⲙ̀ⲫⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲉ̀ⲃⲟⲗ ϩⲓⲧⲟⲟϥ ⲛ̀ⲅⲁⲩⲣⲓⲏⲗ ⲡⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏⲁⲅⲅⲉⲗⲟⲥ (ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧⲁⲣⲁⲃⲟⲥ: جبريل, ϫⲓⲡⲣⲓⲗ) ⲓⲥϫⲉⲛ 610–612 ϣⲁ ⲡⲉϥⲙⲟⲩ ϧⲉⲛ632.[3]

Ⲛⲓⲥⲧⲟⲓⲭⲉⲓⲟⲛ

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Ⲟⲩⲟⲛ 14 ⲛ̀ⲕⲉⲫⲁⲗⲉⲟⲛ ϧⲉⲛⲡⲓⲁⲗⲕⲟⲩⲣⲁⲛ ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲡⲓⲟⲩⲁⲓ ⲡⲓⲟⲩⲁⲓ ⲙ̀ⲙⲱⲟⲩ ϥ̀ⲭⲏ ⲟⲩⲑⲟ ⲛ̀ⲣⲏϯ ⲛⲧⲉ ⲛⲓϧⲓⲣ. 86 ⲛ̀ⲕⲉⲫⲁⲗⲉⲟⲛ ⲁⲩⲥϧⲁⲓ ϧⲉⲛ ⲙⲁⲕⲁ ϯⲃⲁⲕⲓ ⲟⲩⲟϩ 24 ϧⲉⲛ ⲙⲉⲇⲓⲛⲁ ϯⲃⲁⲕⲓ.

Ⲛⲓⲕⲉⲫⲁⲗⲉⲟⲛ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ϣⲁⲧⲉⲛ ⲡⲓⲙⲁϩⲯⲓⲧ ⲁⲩⲉⲣϩⲏⲧⲥ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲡⲓⲡⲉⲥⲙⲉⲗⲗⲁ (ⲙ̀ⲙⲉⲧⲁ̀ⲣⲁⲃⲟⲥ: بَسْمَلَة‎) – "بِسْمِ ٱللَّٰهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ ⲡⲉⲥⲙⲓⲗⲗⲁϩⲓ ⲣⲣⲁϩⲙⲁⲛⲓ ⲣⲣⲁϩⲓⲙ, "ϧⲉⲛ ⲫⲣⲁⲛ ⲙ̀ⲫⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲡⲓⲣⲉϥⲛⲁⲓ ⲡⲓϣⲁⲛⲑⲙⲁϧⲧ".

Ⲡⲓϣⲟⲣⲡ ⲛ̀ⲕⲉⲫⲁⲗⲉⲟⲛ ⲑⲏ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲟⲛϩ

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Ϧⲉⲛ ⲫⲣⲁⲛ ⲙ̀ⲫⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲡⲓⲣⲉϥⲛⲁⲓ ⲡⲓϣⲁⲛⲑⲙⲁϧⲧ

Ⲡϣⲟⲩϣⲟⲩ ⲧⲏⲣϥ ⲉ̀ⲫⲛⲟⲩϯ ⲡⲓⲕⲟⲥⲙⲟⲕⲣⲁⲧⲱⲣ

Ⲡⲓⲣⲉϥⲛⲁⲓ ⲡⲓϣⲁⲛⲑⲙⲁϧⲧ

Ⲡⲓⲟⲩⲣⲟ ⲛ̀ⲧⲉⲡⲉϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲙ̀ⲡϩⲁⲡ

Ⲧⲉⲛⲟⲩⲱϣⲧ ⲙ̀ⲙⲟⲕ ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲧⲉⲛⲉⲣⲥⲕⲉⲡⲁⲍⲓⲛ ⲙ̀ⲙⲟⲛ ⲛⲉⲙⲁⲕ

Ϭⲁⲩⲙⲱⲓⲧ ⲉⲣⲟⲛ ϩⲓ ⲡⲓⲙⲱⲓⲧ ⲉⲧⲥⲟⲩⲧⲱⲛ

Ⲡⲓⲙⲱⲓⲧ ⲛ̀ⲧⲉ ⲛⲏ ⲉⲧⲁⲕⲥⲙⲟⲩ ⲉⲣⲱⲟⲩ ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲛⲏ ⲉⲧⲁⲕϯⲙⲕⲁϩ ⲁⲛ ⲛ̀ϧⲏⲧⲟⲩ ⲓⲉ ⲛⲏ ⲉⲧⲥⲱⲣⲉⲙ

Ⲛⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏ

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  1. Jacques Langhade, ϧⲉⲛ Presses de l’Ifpo, coll. « Études arabes, médiévales et modernes », 10.03.2014 (ISBN 9782351595008), ϩ. 17–82, ⲡⲁⲣⲁⲅⲣⲁⲫⲟⲥ 6.
  2. François Déroche, ϧⲉⲛ Springer Science & Business Media, 2007, ⲥ.142
  3. Alain Ducellier, Françoise Micheau, , Hachette, 2007, ⲥ. 16-17.