Wp/nys/Sister Kates

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Sister Kate's was a 'home' where children from the Stolen Generations were sent after being literally kidnapped from their parents wer family.

Sister Kate Clutterbuck MBE (1860 - 1946) was an Anglican nun well-known in Perth for her humanitarian work caring for children in need. She had worked with orphans in the London slums for 17 years until 1901 when she and several other sisters were sent to Western Australia to establish a girls' school and orphanage. She arrived in Western Australia in December 1901 with 22 orphaned English children in her care and helped establish an orphanage which became Parkerville Children's Home in the Shire of Mundaring. She retired in 1930 at the age of 70 and was awarded an MBE the following year.

In 1932 she came back from retirement. She and her friend Phoebe Ruth Lefroy ("Ruth") were interested in the welfare of Aboriginal children and opened a children's home with houses in Bayswater and Mosman Park in Perth. Initially called the Children's Cottage Home, it came to be known as Sister Kate's. It moved to Queens Park, Perth in 1934, where it remained.[1] Siste Kate's focused on half-caste Aboriginal children after 1933 when it was authorised by Western Australia's notorious Chief Protector of Aborigines, A. O. Neville, to be a home specifically for light skinned Aboriginal children and with the explicit aim of destroying the children's Aboriginal identity and assimilating them in white society, i.e. to "breed out the black" and eliminate Aboriginal culture in Western Australia.[2]

Sister Kate died in 1946, and although she was compassionate and devout, as an old woman she was naive and let herself be used for evil. She left a conflicted legacy, one of tragedy for many of those children and their families whose lives she touched but she was remembered with affection by others. Whilst she was alive her home cared for Aboriginal children in a well-meaning way, but failed to prepare the children for life in a Wadjela world which would not accept them, whilst deliberately trying to cut off their connections to their Aboriginal roots.

Ruth Lefroy arranged for Sister Kate's to be transferred to the Presbyterian Church (now part of the Uniting Church), as a first step in 1955 with a provisional council appointed by the Presbyterian Church then in 1956 the Presbyterian Church became the legally controlling body.[3] Over time the home degenerated into a "disgusting place", a hell on Earth, as reported by Sandra Hill:[2]

The guilt of not helping those girls still breaks her.[2]

Hear also:

Sister Kate's Aged Care[edit]

The site of Sister Kate's home in Queens Park, Perth, now provides aged-care accommodation for former home residents and their descendants who are members of Sister Kate’s Children 1934–1953 Aboriginal Corporation (SKAC). The Indigenous Land and Sea Council (ILSC) acquired the site in February 2008 and granted it to SKAC in December 2012, as part of the government's response to the "Bringing Them Home Report" into the Stolen Generations.[5] ILSC is a Federal Government agency which assists Indigenous people with the acquisition and management of land, salt water and fresh water. Sue Gordon spent 14 years at Sister Kate's and is a founding member of SKAC:[6]

Sister Kates Home Kids Aboriginal Corporation[edit]

Established in 2008, this organization is made up of Sister Kates children from various generation and their descendants. They run programs to help heal and empower these families and communities from the past traumas that they experienced and still are impacted by, due to the previous government's actions and laws, in an attempt to commit cultural genocide and forced assimilation of Aboriginal people in Western Australia. [7]

The organisation aims to run cultural camps in the coming months[8] and build a healing and remembrance centre adjacent to the old Home site in Queens Park.[9]

Breed out the black - Eugenics[edit]

Auschwitz II-Birkenau, Nazi death camp, Poland

The concept of controlling the genetic profile of a population by force, to try and "improve" the profile by encouraging "superior" characteristics or discouraging "inferior" traits, is called 'eugenics'. An obvious criticism of eugenics is what is defined as superior and inferior is determined by whoever has political power at the time. It is also not obvious that selective breeding results in a long term resilient population, as narrowing the gene pool may lead to problems later on.

The abhorrent dangers of eugenics were exemplified by the Nazi Germany race-state genocides of World War II, e.g. the Holocaust, the Romani genocide, Slavs (chiefly ethnic Poles, Soviet prisoners of war, and Soviet citizens), the "incurably sick" (mentally and physically ill people), political and religious dissenters such as communists and Jehovah's Witnesses, and gay men. The kidnapping and attempt at forced assimilation of Aboriginal children into white society is now understood to have been genocide, as "Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group" is specifically defined as an act of genocide in the United Nations Genocide Convention.

Koorlingah Sister Kates - Some of the children who were sent to Sister Kates[edit]

Glenys Collard[edit]

See Noongarpedia page at Glenys Collard.

Graeme Dixon[edit]

See Noongarpedia page at Graeme Dixon and Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Ken Colbung AM MBE[edit]

Nundjan Djiridjarkan, also known as Ken Colbung, Indigenous leader. See English Wikipedia page Ken Colbung.

Graham "Polly" Farmer MBE[edit]

Australian rules footballer. See English Wikipedia page Graham "Polly" Farmer.

Sue Gordon AM[edit]

Perth Children's Court magistrate. See English Wikipedia page Sue Gordon.

Sandra Hill[edit]

See "The brutal legacy of Sister Kate's, a children's home with a mission to 'breed out the black' ".[2]

Rob Riley[edit]

See Noongarpedia page at Rob Riley and Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Doreen Hill[edit]

See Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Daphne Whitehead[edit]

See Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Alice Simmons[edit]

See Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Chris Jackamarra[edit]

See Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Gus Miller[edit]

See Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Cathy Colbung[edit]

See Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Wesley Collard[edit]

See Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Len Colbung[edit]

See Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Sam Dinah[edit]

See Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Joan Winch[edit]

See Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited.[10]

Nita Marshall[edit]

Nita was born in 1925 at Lagrange Mission in Bidyadanga, Western Australia. Nita was removed from her family by the government and sent to Sister Kate's Home in 1931.

Moort Koorlingah Sister Kates | Families of the Children of Sister Kates[edit]

Don Collard[edit]

see info at[10]

Maralyn Collard[edit]

see info at[10]

See also[edit]

Ngiyan waarnk - References[edit]

  1. "Missions". Kaartdijin Noongar - Noongar Knowledge. Retrieved 24 May 2019
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Kirsti Melville. "The brutal legacy of Sister Kate's, a children's home with a mission to 'breed out the black' ". ABC News. Published 29 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018
  3. "Sister Kate's Children's Cottage Home (1934 - 1980)". Find & Connect. Australian Government. Retrieved 30 May 2019
  4. "Sister Kate's: the whitewashing of black children". ABC Radio National Podcast. The History Listen. 24 July 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2019
  5. "Sister Kate's Aged Care". ILSC Group. Australian Government. Retrieved 24 May 2019
  6. 6.0 6.1 Lucy Rickard. "Nostalgia hits former residents of Sister Kate's". WA Today. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2019
  7. "Celebrating the Wounded Heart Healing: a decade of trauma recovery, healing, and achievement 2008-2018". Sister Kate's Home Kids Aboriginal Corporation. 2018
  8. "Perth program aims to support members of the stolen generation". Sky News video. 19 April 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019
  9. "Tjalaminu Mia : Executive Project Manager Sister Kate’s Home Kids Foundation". SNAICC - National Voice for our Children. Keynote speaker 8th SNAICC National Conference 2 - 5 September 2019, Adelaide. Retrieved 4 June 2019
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 editor: Sally Morgan. Echoes of the Past - Sister Kate's Home Revisited. University of Western Australia, School of Indigenous Studies. 2002
  11. STOLEN GENERATIONS' TESTIMONIES http://www.stolengenerationstestimonies.com/nita-marshall.html