Wp/mww/Guj kuj

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Russian Federation (orthographic projection) - Crimea disputed

Zog ntawm Guj kuj - ib lub teb chaws nyob rau hauv Eastern Europe thiab qaum teb Asia. Pejxeem - 146.270.033 neeg. (2015), lub chaw uas zoo heev - 17.125.187 km². Nws yog ib qhov loj tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no nyob rau hauv cov av cheeb tsam thiab cuaj loj tshaj plaws los ntawm cov pejxeem. Peev - Moscow. Raug raws ntaub ntawv cov lus - Lavxias teb sab.

Guj kuj ciam teb rau lwm]] kaum yim teb chaws]] (qhov loj tshaj plaws nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no), nrog rau ob tug unrecognized thiab cov pom tau hais tias lub xeev | kov paub, xws li los ntawm av nrog rau cov nram qab no States Norway, Finnish, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Abkhazia. Georgia thiab feem ntau ntawm lub ntiaj teb tsis paub txog lub ywj pheej ntawm Abkhazia thiab South Ossetia]], xav tias yuav lub Lavxias teb sab ciam teb nrog cov teb chaws ib feem ntawm Lavxias teb sab-Georgian ciam teb. Georgia, South Ossetia, Azerbaijan th Kazakhstan th Tuam Tshoj, Mongolia, North Kauslim rau Hiav txwv rau Nyiv thiab United States.

Txiaj - lub Lavxias teb sab ruble.

kev nyab xeeb[edit]

Amur tsov. Inscribed nyob rau hauv liab Phau Ntawv

Guj kuj txoj hauj lwm nyob rau hauv sab qaum teb Eurasia (ib ncig ntawm lub teb chaws cov lus dag feem ntau sab qaum teb ntawm 50 ° N. M.) Coj mus rau nws qhov kev tso kawm nyob rau hauv lub arctic, subarctic, tsis kub tsis txias thiab cov subtropical climates. Lub predominant ib feem ntawm lub chaw uas zoo heev nyob rau hauv lub cheeb tsam tsis kub tsis txias. Qhov ntau haiv kev nyab xeeb tseem nyob ntawm lub topography thiab qhov sib thooj los yog remoteness ntawm lub hiav txwv.

Latitudinal zoning yog feem ntau tshwm nyob rau hauv lub nras. Cov feem ntau chav qhia tej yam ntuj tso chaw nrog ib tug European ib feem ntawm lub teb chaws, nyob qhov twg rau sab qaum teb-sab qab teb cycle los ntawm cheeb tsam arctic suab puam, Tundra, hav zoov Tundra, taiga forests, mixed forests, hav zoov-steppe, steppe, semi-suab puam. Nrog nce qib mus rau sab hnub tuaj kev nyab xeeb yuav ntau continental, tus xov tooj ntawm tej yam ntuj tso chaw nyob rau hauv tib latitudinal ntau yog significantly txo.

Nruab nrab kub nyob rau hauv Lub ib hlis ntuj, raws li kev sib txawv hauv cheeb tsam, xws li los ntawm 6 mus rau -50 ° C, Lub Xya hli ntuj 1 mus rau 25 ° C; dej nag xws li 150 rau 2000 hli ib xyoos twg. Lub permafrost (qhov chaw ntawm Siberia thiab cov Far East) coj 65% ntawm ib ncig ntawm Guj kuj.

Lub siab tshaj plaws puas tau kaw kub nyob rau hauv ib ncig ntawm niaj hnub Guj kuj twb +45,4 ° C nyob rau ntawm lub chaw nres tsheb meteorological Uta (Kalmykia) (ntsuas 12 Lub Xya hli ntuj 2010). Tus nqi qis tshaj kub twb kaw cai nyob rau hauv Oymyakon Academician Sergei Obruchev lub caij ntuj no 1924 thiab amounted los -71,2 ° C (txawm hais tias qhia thiab qis kub). Tshaj plaws kub sib txawv: 116,6 ° C, raws li qhov no qhia tau Guj kuj Qib thawj nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no.

hom lus[edit]

Lavxias teb sab neeg hais lus ntau tshaj 100 yam lus thiab suab teej tug mus rau lub Indo-European, Uralic thiab Altaic lus tsev neeg, Caucasian thiab Paleo-Asiatic lus pawg. Cov feem ntau lug hais lus yog distinguished Lavxias teb sab, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Armenian, Ossetian thiab German (Indo-European lus tsev neeg), Tatar, Bashkir thiab Chuvash (Altaic lus tsev neeg), Udmurt, Mari, thiab Erzya (Uralic lus tsev neeg), Chechen, Avar thiab Dargin (Northeast Caucasian lus), Kabardino-Cherkessia (Abkhaz-Adyghe lus tsev neeg). Lavxias teb sab yog leej niam tus nplaig rau ib co 130 lab cov pej xeem ntawm Guj kuj (92% ntawm cov pej xeem ntawm Guj kuj).