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Kingdom of Thailand
  • ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Thai)
  • Ratcha-anachak Thai
Flag of Thailand
Flag
Emblem of Thailand
Emblem
Anthem: เพลงชาติไทย
Phleng Chat Thai
"Thai National Anthem"
Royal anthem: สรรเสริญพระบารมี
Sansoen Phra Barami
"Glorify His Prestige"
Location of Wp/dtp/Thailand (green)

– in Asia (grey)
– in ASEAN (grey)

Capital
and largest city
Bangkok
13°45′N 100°29′E / 13.750°N 100.483°E / 13.750; 100.483
Official language
and national language
Thai[1]
Spoken languagesThai, Isan, Lanna, Dambro, Karen, Pattani Malay, Bangkok Malay, Teochew, Hokkien
Ethnic groups
Religion
(2023)[2]
Demonym(s)Thai
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Vajiralongkorn
(Rama X)
Srettha Thavisin
LegislatureNational Assembly
Senate
House of Representatives
Formation
1238–1448
1351–1767
1767–1782
6 April 1782
24 June 1932
6 April 2017
Area
• Total
513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) (50th)
• Water (%)
0.4 (2,230 km2)
Population
• 2022 estimate
Neutral increase 69,648,117[3] (20th)
• 2010 census
64,785,909[4] (21st)
• Density
132.1/km2 (342.1/sq mi) (88th)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.578 trillion[5] (23rd)
• Per capita
Increase $22,490[5] (74th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
• Total
Increase $512.193 billion[5] (30th)
• Per capita
Increase $7,297[5] (91st)
Gini (2021)Negative increase 35.1[6]
medium
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.800[7]
very high · 66th
CurrencyThai baht (฿) (THB)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (BE)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+66
ISO 3166 codeTH
Internet TLD

Thailand (Malay: تايلاند), Negara Thai (Malay: نڬارا تهاي; Thai: ประเทศไทย) toi ko' ngaran rasmi dau Kerajaan Thai (Thai: ราชอาณาจักรไทย) nopo nga pogun id rantau Asia Tenggara. Thailand nopo nga id piolitan miampai Myanmar id koibutan kotonobon, Laos om Kemboja id kosilahon, Teluk Thailand om Malaysia id kabaatan, om Laut Andaman id kotobobon. Piolitan nopo do rahat dau nga kohompit no Vietnam id kabaatan kosilahon id suang Teluk Thailand, om Indonesia om India ponong id kabaatan kotonobon id suang Laut Andaman. Ibu negara om kakadayan bobos tagayo nopo nga Bangkok.[8][9][10] Miampai kiikiro 69 riong tulun, nosiliu o Thailand sabaagi pogun ko-20 bobos ogumu mogigion id pomogunan.

Geografi

Kokitanan Banjaran Luang Prabang Range i merentangi piolitan Thai-Lao id Wilayah Nan, Utara Thailand
Pulau batu kapur tipikal id Thailand
Kepulauan Phi Phi

Miampai linaab 513,120 km², Thailand nopo nga pogun ko-50th bobos agayo nung intangan o linaab, okoro tokuri mantad ko Yaman om agayo tokoromantad ko Sepanyol.

Thailand nopo nga winangun mantad mogisuusuai rantau geografi i sorokuri-kuri misudong miampai kaadangon do wilayah. Rantau koibutan nopo nga kinoyonon otidong Thai, miampai timpak bobos akawas id Doi Inthanon id Banjaran Thanon Thong Chai ii no 2,565 meter id sawat pompod rahat. Rantau koibutan kosilahon toi ko' winangun mantad Banjaran Khorat Plateau i misampaping miampai Bawang Mekong id kosilahon. Rantau id tanga pogun dii tinalahanan do dolungan apatau Bawang Chao Phraya i lumutung gisom id Teluk Thailand. Kabaatan Thailand winangun mantad Segenting Kra i okikip nga poinlaab gisom Semenanjung Tanah Melayu. Maya politik, kiwaa onon kinoyonon geografi i mogisuusuai mantad populasi, toud impohon, koulalaho sandad, om taang koburuon sosial om ekonomi. Kopogisuusuayan do rantau-rantau nopo nga koulalaho latar fizikal i bobos okito id Thailand.

Bawang Chao Phraya om Mekong River nopo nga toud koposion do kinoyonon id labus kakadayan Thailand. Kolobusan asil tanom maya industri momoguno koduuduo bawang dii miampai cawang-cawang dau. Kilinaab o Teluk Thailand dp 320,000 kilometer persegi om nosuwu do ongobawang Chao Phraya, Mae Klong, Bang Pakong, om Tapi. Waig di oribau poingompus disan do kabaatan om Semenanjung Kra manakadai kumaa sektor pelancongan. Disan rahat id kosilahon Teluk Thailand nopo nga longkod perindustrian Thailand miampai pelabuhan waig utama pogun id Sattahip pelabuhan perdagangan i bobos atangkangau, Laem Chabang.

Rahat Andaman nopo nga toud sandad i kigatang tu kinoyonon nopo dii nga id pialatan do longkod podtuongisan bobos ointutunan om kiharo-haro id Asia. Wilayah Phuket, Krabi, Ranong, Phang Nga om Trang, om ongopulou dau nopo nga poingompus id disan rahat Andaman. Sundung do noontok tsunami 2004, toinsanan nopo dii nga kagayat ginawo tutumombului mantad pointongkop pomogunan.

Kinoimbulayan suul montok pamansayan iso terusan i kaanu doti popiromut do Rahat Andaman miampai Teluk Thailand, miagal di Terusan Suez om Panama. Osokodung o pembesar Thai do suul diti tu kaanu ii mongingkuri yuran mantad Pelabuhan Singapura, popogirot piromutan miampai China om India, monginiba pamanahon kapal, om mongilag ancaman lanun id Selat Melaka, om nogi monokodung dasar porinta Thai do sumiliu hab logistik Asia Tenggara. Ogumu koboros do kaanu terusan diti monginsonong ekonomi id kabaatan Thailand i lumansan no do podtuongisan. Nung poindalanon, osiliu o terusan diti sabaagi projek kejuruteraan raya miampai jangkaan kousinan AS$20–30 bilion.

Sukuon

  1. "Thailand" Archived 10 June 2021 at the Wayback Machine, The World Factbook.
  2. "Global Religion – Religious Beliefs Across the World" (PDF). Ipsos. May 2023. Linoyog ontok 23 August 2023.
  3. "Thailand". The World Factbook (2024 ed.). Central Intelligence Agency. Linoyog ontok 24 September 2022. (Archived 2022 edition)
  4. (id Thai) National Statistics Office, "100th anniversary of population censuses in Thailand: Population and housing census 2010: 11th census of Thailand" Archived 12 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine. popcensus.nso.go.th.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2023 Edition. (Thailand)". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. 10 October 2023. Linoyog ontok 11 October 2023.
  6. "Gini Index". World Bank. Archived from the original on 27 July 2018. Linoyog ontok 12 August 2021.
  7. "Human Development Report 2021/2022" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 8 September 2022. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8 September 2022. Linoyog ontok 8 September 2022.
  8. https://www.worldometers.info/demographics/thailand-demographics/
  9. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/biggest-cities-in-thailand.html
  10. https://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/thailand-region-map.htm