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Wp/dtp/Kuching

Coordinates: 01°33′27″N 110°20′38″E / 1.55750°N 110.34389°E / 1.55750; 110.34389
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Kuching
City of Kuching
Bandar Raya Kuching
Other transcription(s)
 • Jawiکوچيڠ
 • Chinese古晋 (Simplified)
古晉 (Traditional)
Gǔ jìn (Hanyu Pinyin)
 • Tamilகூச்சிங்
Kūcciṅ (Transliteration)
Mantad sawat, gibang kumaa id wanan:
Kuching skyline mantad Sarawak River, Sarawak State Museum, Fort Margherita, The Astana, Susnsuyon Darul Hana minsomok do State Assembly building, Chinatown, om tugu do dungau di ikonik.
Official seal of Kuching
Official logo of Kuching
Nickname(s): 
"Cat City",
Bandaraya Perpaduan (City of Unity)
Template:Wp/dtp/Infobox mapframe
Location of Kuching in Sarawak
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Coordinates: 01°33′27″N 110°20′38″E / 1.55750°N 110.34389°E / 1.55750; 110.34389
Country Malaysia
StateTemplate:Wp/dtp/Country data Sarawak
DivisionKuching
DistrictKuching
Founded by the Sultanate of Brunei1827
Settled by James Brooke18 Magus 1842
Municipality status1 Milatok 1953
City status1 Magus 1988
Government
 • TypeCity council
 • BodyCommission of Kuching North City Hall
Council of the City of Kuching South
 • Mayor of Kuching NorthHilmy Othman
 • Mayor of Kuching SouthWee Hong Seng
Area
 • City of Kuching450.02 km2 (173.75 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,770.90 km2 (1,069.85 sq mi)
 • Kuching North378.20 km2 (146.02 sq mi)
 • Kuching South71.82 km2 (27.73 sq mi)
Elevation8 m (26 ft)
Highest elevation810.2 m (2,658.1 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2021)[5]
 • City of Kuching402,738
 • Density754.33/km2 (1,953.7/sq mi)
 • Metro
723,854
 • Metro density336.8/km2 (872/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Kuchingite / Orang Kuching
 (Sourced from Department of Statistics Malaysia (DoSM), 2022)
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+8 (Not observed)
Postal code
93xxx
Area code(s)082 (landline only)
Vehicle registrationQA and QK (for all vehicles except taxis)
HQ (for taxis only)
WebsiteKuching North: dbku.sarawak.gov.my
Kuching South: mbks.sarawak.gov.my

Kuching toi ko' Bandar Raya Kuching[6] nopo nga ibu negeri om bandaraya i tagayo id Sarawak i poingiliu id Malaysia Timur. Ii nogi nga longkod pomorintaan montok do Boogian Kuching om nuru do 2 jaam do tumulud mantad Kuala Lumpur. Bandar diti nopo nga poingiliu id Baang Sarawak id pompod do barat daya negeri Sarawak id pulau Bornea om kiginayo do linaab 431 kilometer persegi miampai ginumu mogiigiyon do 148,260 id koiyonon pomorintaan Kuching Utara om 254,478 id koiyonon pomorintaan Kuching Selatan[7][8][9]. Nung piomungon nga kiginumu do 402,738 tulun do toinsanan.

Sajara

Sarawak nopo nga boogian mantad do Empayar Brunei mantad do Sultan Brunei koiso ii Sultan Muhammad Shah. Kuching nopo nga longkod pomorintaan kotolu Sarawak ii tinoodo ontok toun 1827 mantad di songulun pembesar mobi Sultan Brunei ii nopo nga Pengiran Indera Mahkota. Pogulu notoodo Kuching, duo longkod pomorintaan di pogulu do Sarawak nopo nga Santubong ii pinoingkakat di Sultan Pengiran Tanga ontok toun 1599, om Lidah Tana ii pinoingkakat di Datu Patinggi Ali id timpuunon toun 1820-an.

Pengiran Muda Raja Hashim nopo dii nga pinapatahak do wilayah diti kumaa songulun pengembara British ii James Brooke sabaagi do wawa tu minonguhup dau magala do pemberontakan id Sarawak ontok dii. Pemberontakan dii nopo nga nakalantoi ontok wulan Milau 1840 om ontok 24 Manom 1841, nosiliu ii Brooke sabaagi Gabenor Sarawak miampai pomolohou do "Rajah", om au pinoilo kokomoi do pangkat diti gisom do 18 Magus 1842 kopongo do minangakun ii Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II do jawatan gabenor om pinopoilo kokomoi di Brooke ii nuru do mambayar soginumu do $2500 kumaa Sultan. Mantad dii, nosiliu o Kuching sabaagi longkod pomorintaan Brooke.

Pomorintaan Sarawak nopo nga nokotilombus miampai do tanak tompinai dau ii Charles Brooke. Sabaagi longkod pomorintaan, nosiliu o Kuching sabaagi do ririkoton montok do pombangunan. Pembangunan diti kohompit do sistom sanitasi. Ontok toun 1874, nokokito o kota diti do piipiro koburuon kohompit no do pombangunan lamin pongusapan, panjara, Fort Margherita om ogumu po o bangunan suai.

Iso walai tiyonon do tagayo nopo nga nowonsoi id sampaping walai koiso di Brooke ii nolohou do baino nopo nga sabaagi do Astana. Bangunan nopo diti nga notoodo ontok toun 1869 sabaagi wawa pisasawaan montok sawo dau. Nokoburu o Kuching id siriba pomorintaan Charles Vyner Brooke ii minangawaliu do tapa dau sabaagi do Rajah Kotolu Sarawak. Ontok do 1941, panaandakan Centenary nopo nga pinaharo id Kuching. Piipiro tulan nakatalib, nopupusan o pomorintaan di Brooke soira natawan o Sarawak mantad do Jipun.

Etimologi

Ngaran "Kuching" nopo nga ginuno di Brooke soira nokorikot isio ontok toun 1839. Kiwaa ogumu teori ii popoilo kokomoi do tadon hogot do "Kuching". Iso nopo kanto tadau nga mantad do hogot kucing toi ko Cochin, iso pelabuhan perdagangan India id Pantai Malabar om istilah gulu id China om British India montok perdagangan pelabuhan. Piipiro artifak Hindu nopo nga okito id Muzium Sarawak baino. Sundung do ingkaa nga towud suai nopo nga poporuput do Kuching nopo di gulu ii, ointutunan sabaagi do "Sarawak" pogulu nokorikot ii Brooke.

Sukuon

  1. "Briefing By The Mayor of Kuching North". Kuching North City Hall. Economic Planning Unit (Prime Minister's Department Malaysia). Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Linoyog ontok 19 December 2013.
  2. "Kuching, Malaysia - Weather History and Climate Data". World Climate. Archived from the original on 1 December 2014. Linoyog ontok 28 March 2015.
  3. "Malaysia Elevation Map (Elevation of Kuching)". Flood Map : Water Level Elevation Map. Archived from the original on 22 August 2015. Linoyog ontok 22 August 2015.
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Santubong
  5. "Malaysia Population 2019". World Population Review. 4 February 2019. Linoyog ontok 19 April 2019.
  6. "City of Kuching Ordinance" (PDF). Sarawak State Attorney-General's Chambers. 1988. p. 3 (Chapter 48).
  7. "Population Distribution by Local Authority Areas and Mukims, 2010 (halaman 1 & 8)" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-05. Linoyog ontok 19 Julai 2013.
  8. Trudy Ring; Robert M. Salkin; Sharon La Boda (Januari 1996). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania. Taylor & Francis. pp. 497–498. ISBN 978-1-884964-04-6.
  9. Britt Bunyard (6 Mac 2000). Walking to Singapore. iUniverse. pp. 223–. ISBN 978-0-595-00086-9.