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lital-loʔlo-iliʔi, kʰapa kʰashmir-iliʔi

Lital-loʔlo-iliʔi (bastən-wawa: Lidder Valley)[1] ixt tənəs loʔlo-tsəqw-iliʔi kʰapa himaliya-lamətay, kʰapa wam-iliʔi-iwa-pi-qʰa-san-ɬatwa-iliʔi kʰapa anantnag-iliʔi, kʰapa iniya-iliʔi yaka kʰashmir-iliʔi-sitkum.[2] lital-stalu kuli kʰapa ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi. ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi chaku 4mi/7km qʰa-kʰul-pi-san-chaku saya kakwa anantnag-tʰawn, pi 39 mi/62 km (kʰapa wam-iliʔi-iwa-pi-qʰa-san-chaku) saya Srinagar (tayi-tʰawn pus kʰashmir-pi-djamu-iliʔi kʰapa wam-iliʔi.) yuɬqat kakwa 25mi/40km ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi.[3] ɬəq'əɬ kakwa 2mi/3km kʰapa hayu iliʔi ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi.

ukuk iliʔi[edit | edit source]

kʰapa pahalgam-iliʔi, kʰapa anantnag-iliʔi, lital-loʔlo-iliʔi. qʰa-san-ɬatwa kakwa ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi, kʰashmir-loʔlo-iliʔi miɬayt. sind-loʔlo-iliʔi miɬayt iləp-kʰul-iliʔi-iwa kʰapa lital-loʔlo-iliʔi.[4] yuɬqat kakwa 25mi/40km ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi. ɬəq'əl kakwa 3mi/5km lital yaka iləp-ɬəq'əl iliʔi. pus kʰapa ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi mayka, mayka ɬatwa qʰa kʰul chaku pus mayka tiki ɬatwa Pir Panjal hayu-lamətay. sind-loʔlo-iliʔi (kʰapa qʰa-san-ɬatwa-iliʔi) pi zaskar-hayu-lamətay (kʰapa qʰa-san-chaku-iliʔi) miɬayt iləp-kʰul-iliʔi-iwa kakwa lital-stalu. 438 mi2/1134 km2[5]iliʔi palach tsəqw pus lital loʔlo iliʔi. lital-tsəqw munk ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi. pus wik saya lital-stalu mayka, pi mayka ɬatwa maɬx̣wəli, mayka nanich: ukuk stalu chaku makwst stalu: qʰa-san-chaku-lital-stalu pi qʰa-san-ɬatwa-lital-stalu. qʰa-san-chaku chaku tənəs wik saya Pahalgam, pi ɬatwa Chandanwari. iləp "qʰa-san-chaku-lital-stalu" chaku wik saya sheshnag-tsəqw pi shishram-kʰul-tsəqw-iliʔi, ukuk stalu ɬatwa qʰa-san-chaku.[1] "qʰa-san-ɬatwa-lital-stalu" chaku-tənas kʰapa kolhoy-kʰul-tsəqw-iliʔi[3][6] pi kuli kʰapa t'ɬimin-stik-iliʔi pi kʰapa hayu ɬəqəl iliʔi kʰapa lamətay. lital-loʔlo-iliʔi palach hayu kʰlin pi ɬush tsəqw pus tilixam pi kʰum-iliʔi. lital-stalu kuli kʰapa kʰanawi ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi, pi ukuk stalu ɬatwa wik saya hayu hayu-kəmtəks-iliʔi, qʰa hayu tilixam ɬaska ɬatwa, kakwa Aru, Pahalgam-tʰawn, Betab-loʔlo-iliʔi, pi Akad. iləp-hayash tʰawn kʰapa lital-luʔli-tsəqw Mandlan, Laripora, Phraslun, Ashmuqam pi Seer Hamdan.[7]

lakit tilixam kʰapa kʰiyutən, kʰapa Pahalgam

lital-loʔlo-iliʔi chaku-tənas hayu milyən kʰul anqati, qʰənchi lital-stalu munk hayash ɬx̣wap kʰapa himaliya-lamətay. kʰa ukuk stalu mash hayu pulali kʰapa hayu kikwəli-iliʔi kʰapa Anantnag.[8] ukuk stalu yaka munk-kakshət hayu ulman wik-saya-stik-iliʔi pi munk hayu yuɬqat ɬx̣wap kʰapa iliʔi.

lital-loʔlo-iliʔi kʰapa aru, djamu-pi-kʰashmir-iliʔi

x̣ələl-ikta kʰapa ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi[edit | edit source]

hayu tənəs-stalu paɬach-pus-lital-stalu tsəqw. kʰapa ukuk hayu tənəs-stalu, hayu nim-ikta pus tən!es-samən ɬaska miɬayt.[9] wəxt hayu himalaya-chetwut ɬaska miɬayt kʰapa ukuk loʔlo-iliʔi. wəx̣t himalaya-shayim, hayu tənəs mawich pus t'uʔan makwst yuɬqat lita, snu-t'səm-yuɬqat-uphuch pi pʰil-mawich yawa miɬayt. wik saya dachigam-iliʔi "aru" pi "lidderall-iliʔi."[7][10]

qʰa pi qʰata nsayka iskam ukuk kəmtəks[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kaul, Manmohan N., Glacial and Fluvial Geomorphology of Western Himalaya, South Asia Books, 1990, p. 23, Template:Wp/chn/ISBN
  2. Parmanand Parashar (2004). Kashmir The Paradise Of Asia. Sarup & Sons, 2004. p. 97–. ISBN 9788176255189. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 M.S. Kohli (1983). The Himalayas: Play Ground of the Gods Trekking, Climbing, Adventure. Indus Publishing, 1983. p. 45–. ISBN 9788173871078. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
  4. Subodh Kapoor (2002). The Indian Encyclopaedia: Gautami Ganga -Himmat Bahadur. Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd, 2002. p. 178–. ISBN 9788177552669. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
  5. Kanth, T.A., Aijaz Ahmad Shah and Zahoor ul Hassan; Geomorphologic Character & Receding Trend of Kolahoi Glacier in Kashmir Himalaya, Recent Research in Science and Technology 2011, 3(9): 68-73 Template:Wp/chn/Webarchive, Template:Wp/chn/ISSN
  6. N. Ahmed and N. H. Hashimi (1974). "Glacial History of Kolahoi Glacier, Kashmir, India" (PDF). Journal of Glaciology. 13 (68): 279. Bibcode:1974JGlac..13..279A. doi:10.1017/S002214300002308X. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Pahalgam". anantnag.gov. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
  8. Sir Walter Roper Lawrence (1895). The Valley of Kashmir. Asian Educational Services, 1895. p. 47–. ISBN 9788120616301. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
  9. R.B.Singh (1990). Environmental geography. Heritage Publishers, 1990. p. 230–. ISBN 9788170260622. Retrieved 20 June 2012.
  10. Trevor Drieberg (1978). Jammu and Kashmir: a tourist guide. Vikas Pub. House, 1978. p. –. ISBN 9780706905755. Retrieved 20 June 2012.