Wp/btm/Epistemologi

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Epistemologi (//; tingon saro Yunani ἐπιστήμη, epistēmē, artina "parbinotoan", dot λόγος, logos, artina "diskursus
") ima cabang tingon filsafat na markaitan dohot teori parbinotoan.[1]

Epistemologi mangkaji tontang hakikat tingon parbinotoan, justifikasi, dot rasionalitas kayakinan. Bahat pardebatan i epistemologi marpusat tu opat bidang: (1) analisis filsafat tarkait hakikat tingon parbinotoan dot songondia hal on markaitan dohoy konsep-konsep songon napeto, kayakinan, dot justifikasi,[2][3] (2) bahat masalah skeptisisme, (3) sumber-sumber dot ruang lingkup parbinotoan dot justifikasi ni kayakinan, dot (4) kriteria tu parbinotoan dot justifikasi. Epistemologi mambahas parsapaan-parsapaan songon "Aha na mambaen sinapetoan na tarjustifikasi bisa ijustifikasi?",[4] Aha artina muda mandokon molo sasadaalak na mamboto?[5] dot parsapaan na mandasor, Songondia ita boto molo ita boto?[6]

Istilah 'Epistemologi' parjolo sanoli ipake ni filsuf Skotlandia James Frederick Ferrier i tao 1854.[lower-alpha 1] Tai, manurut Brett Warren, Raja James VI sian Skotlandia nasolpu madung mamake konsep filosofis on dot mamakena manjadi personifikasi, dohot istilah Epistemon, i taon 1591.[8]

catatan[edit | edit source]

  1. J. F. Ferrier (1854) Institutes of Metaphysic: The Theory of Knowing and Being, p. 46.[7]

Mandokna[edit | edit source]

  1. Porter, Noah, ed. (1913). "Epistemology". Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary. G & C. Merriam Co. p. 501. Iarsipkon tingon aslina on 15 October 2013. isise 29 January 2014. E*pis`te*mol"o*gy (?), n. [Gr. knowledge + -logy.] The theory or science of the method or grounds of knowledge. 
  2. Steup, Matthias. Zalta, Edward N., ed. "Epistemology". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2014 ed.). 
  3. Borchert, Donald M., ed. (1967). "Epistemology". Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 3. Macmillan. 
  4. Steup, Matthias (8 September 2017). Zalta, Edward N., ed. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Metaphysics Research Lab, Stanford University. 
  5. Carl J. Wenning. "Scientific epistemology: How scientists know what they know" (PDF). 
  6. "The Epistemology of Ethics". 1 September 2011. 
  7. Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2007
  8. King James; Warren, Brett. The Annotated Daemonologie. A Critical Edition. In Modern English. 2016. p. x-xi. ISBN 1-5329-6891-4.