Wp/btm/Buaya Paya Sumatera

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Buaya

Buaya muara sanga buaya bekatak (Crocodylus porosus) ima mocoman buaya nagodangna di dunia. Didokon songoni harana buaya on terutamo mangolu di Batang-batang aek dohot na donok laut (muara). Buaya on juo didokon dohot goar buaya air asin, buaya laut, dohot goar-goar nalainnaima. Molo saro Inggris, didokon dohot goar Saltwater crocodile, Indo-Australian crocodile, dohot Man-eater crocodile. Goar nabiasona, Man-eater="sipamangan kalak", harana buaya on natarbonggal unjung (dohot jotjot) ipangansa alak na masuk tu inganannia. Buaya on adong di sude luak dataran rendah dohot perairan pantai di luak tropis Asia Selatan, Asia Tenggara, dohot Australia (Indo-Australia).[1]

Deskripsi[edit]

Ginjang ni pamatang buaya on (tarmasuk ikur) biasona antara 3,5 sampev6,0 meter, tai muda matobang bisa sampe 12 meter songon na unjung pasuo di Sangatta, Kalimantan Timur. Boratna bisa sampe lobi sian 1.000 kg. Papangan ni spesies on inda tanggung bolakna dohot inda marsisik bolak di tangkuknai. Buaya muara natarbonggal ma buaya na dao lobi gidang tingon Buaya Nil (Crocodylus niloticus) dohot Alligator Amerika (Alligator mississipiensis). Inganannape na "paling bolak" i dunia.[2]

Agihan[edit]

Buaya muara puna luak pangarantoan muloi ngon batangaek Teluk Benggala (Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India) hingga perairan Polinesia (Kepulauan Fiji dan Vanuatu). Sedangkan habitat favorit ni alai ima perairan Indonesia dohot Australia.

Kabiasoan[edit]

Buaya on aktif di torang niari dohot borngin. Buaya on mamangan sanga ise na masuk tu inganan nia. Panganonnia ima Gulaen, Touk, Ulok, Amporik, dohot Mamalia (tarmasuk mamalia na godang).[3] Buaya on sada di antara ni buaya-buaya na parmaraan tu alak. Buaya muara bisa malumpat kaluar ngon aek giot mangalkap naget panganon niaon. Manombo molo bagas ni aek malobihi ginjang ni sibukna, buaya muara bisa malumpat dohot manyargut dohot vertikal sampe ginjang na sarupo dohot ginjang ni pamatangna.[4] Buaya muara na jopan roana aek paya/ancim, harana ima bangso Australia idokon kali saltwater crocodile (buaya aek ancim). Salain napaling godang dohot napaling ginjang, Buaya Muara tarbonggal juo jenis buaya napaling ganas i dunia.[5]

Hubungan dohot Alak[edit]

Buaya muara parmaraan tu Alak[6]. Alai ima buaya pamangsa alak nasapetona. Songon Buaya nil, buaya on biaso mangan kalak na masuk tu wilayahna. i Australia, tarcatat adong 2 serangan buaya maradopkon jolma satiap taonna.[7] Serangan buaya tu alak juo dilaporkon i Kalimantan,[8] Sumatera,[9] India timur, Andaman,[10][11] dan Myanmar.[12]

Referensi[edit]

  1. "Our Animals – Reptiles – Crocodilians – Saltwater Crocodile". Australia Zoo. isise 25 July 2013. 
  2. "Insights into Crocodile Lifestyles" (PDF). newholland.com.au. 
  3. "Emu (Dromaius Novaehollandiae) – Animals – A–Z Animals – Animal Facts, Information, Pictures, Videos, Resources and Links". A–Z Animals. isise 25 July 2013. 
  4. "Crocodile vs. shark photos". photos1.blogger.com. 
  5. "No Bull: Saltwater Crocodile Eats Shark". UnderwaterTimes.com. 13 August 2007. isise 30 April 2011. 
  6. divertal. "Keganasan Buaya Muara Resahkan Warga Sampit | News | Arah.Com". isise 2016-10-04. 
  7. Caldicott, David G.E.; et al. (September 2005). "Crocodile Attack in Australia: An Analysis of Its Incidence and Review of the Pathology and Management of Crocodilian Attacks in General". Wilderness & Environmental Medicine. 16 (3): 143–159. doi:10.1580/1080-6032(2005)16[143:CAIAAA]2.0.CO;2. PMID 16209470. 
  8. "Rise in Borneo crocodile attacks may be linked to Malaysia's logging, palm oil, expert says". Associated Press via International Herald Tribune. 25 April 2007. Iarsipkon tingon aslina on 11 August 2007. isise 18 August 2010. 
  9. "Woman saves daughter from crocodile". Telegraph. 14 March 2008. isise 25 July 2013. 
  10. "KalingaTimes.com: Two injured in crocodile attack in Orissa". Web.archive.org. 7 June 2008. Iarsipkon tingon aslina on 7 June 2008. isise 25 July 2013. 
  11. "Croc kills woman 4 years after her sister's death – TODAY.com". Today.msnbc.msn.com. 5 October 2010. isise 25 July 2013. 
  12. "Crocodile kills man accused of illegal logging in Myanmar wildlife sanctuary". Associated Press via International Herald Tribune. 20 April 2008. Iarsipkon tingon aslina on 17 May 2008. isise 18 August 2010.