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Wp > bcc > ھماس
اسلامی دݔمپانیءِ زرمبش(ھماس)
حركة المقاومة الإسلامية
گشۏکپؤزی برھوم
سرکارازمائݔل ھنیہ
گوَرسرکارسالھ الاَروری[1]
بنݔنۏک
...

 
and others
بنݔنگ 10, 1987; 0 seconds ago (1987-Error: Invalid time.-10)
گیشِتَگ چہمسلمانانءِ براتی گَلل
دلگاھی دستورجاہگزہءِ شار, گزہءِ تَک
میڈۏکی بھرایروددین الکسامءِ تیپ
گؤر ءُ باور
سیاسی امبندانپلستینی میڈۏکݔن امبندان
رنگان  شونز
Most seats in the PLC (c. 2006)Template:Wp/bcc/Composition bar
گللءِ درپشۏک
Website
hamas.ps
پایگاہGaza City, Gaza Strip
AlliesState allies:

 اؤگانستان[16]

 الجزایر[17]


 اݔران[18]

Template:Wp/bcc/Country data Qatar[19]

 سوریہ (until 2011, again since 2022 sometimes)[20][21]

Non-state allies:

Template:Wp/bcc/Country data Hezbollah
OpponentsState opponents:

 مسر[19]

 اسرائݔل

 اردن[22]


 اربی تپاکݔن امارتان[21] Non-state opponents:

Battles and wars
تروریستی زانگ بیتگ گۏن

 اوسترالی[24]

 کانادا[25]

 یروپءِ تپاکی[26]

 اسرائݔل[27]

Template:Wp/bcc/Country data Japan[28][29]

Template:Wp/bcc/Country data Paraguay[30]

 تپاکݔن پادشاھی[31]

 تپاکݔن ایالتان[32]
  1. Template:Citation/make link. The Times of Israel. October 5, 2017. https://www.timesofisrael.com/hamas-appoints-alleged-west-bank-terror-chief-as-deputy-leader/. 
  2. Abdelal 2016, p. 122.
  3. Dalloul 2017.
  4. Abu-Amr 1993, p. 10.
  5. Litvak 1998, p. 151.
  6. Barzak 2011.
  7. AFP 2019.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Dalacoura 2012, pp. 66–67.
  9. Dunning 2016, p. 270.
  10. Stepanova 2008, p. 113.
  11. Cheema 2008, p. 465.
  12. Litvak 2004, pp. 156–57.
  13. Litvak 1998, pp. 151–52: "This strong anti-Jewish stance distinguishes Hamas from the PLO organization".
  14. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named hoffman
  15. Filiu 2012, pp. 55, 64–67.
  16. Template:Citation/make link. The Economic Times. October 7, 2023. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/defence/pakistan-afghanistan-show-support-to-palestine-calls-for-cessation-of-hostilities/articleshow/104245296.cms?from=mdr%5C. 
  17. Lua error in Module:Wp/bcc/Citation/CS1 at line 4421: attempt to index field 'date_names' (a nil value).
  18. Template:Citation/make link. AFP. October 7, 2023. https://english.alarabiya.net/News/middle-east/2023/10/07/Adviser-to-Iran-s-Khamenei-expresses-support-for-Palestinian-attacks-Report. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 Ehl, David (May 15, 2021). Template:Citation/make link. Deutsche Welle. https://amp.dw.com/en/who-is-hamas/a-57537872. 
  20. Template:Citation/make link. VOA News. October 20, 2022. https://www.voanews.com/a/experts-weigh-in-on-regional-impact-of-syria-hamas-rapprochement-teaser-/6798449.html. 
  21. 21.0 21.1 Gidda, Mirren (July 25, 2014). Template:Citation/make link. Time. https://time.com/3033681/hamas-gaza-palestine-israel-egypt/. 
  22. Template:Citation/make link. The Jerusalem Post. https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/article-716243. 
  23. Lua error in Module:Wp/bcc/Citation/CS1 at line 4421: attempt to index field 'date_names' (a nil value).
  24. Template:Citation/make link. ABC News. February 17, 2022. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2022-02-17/hamas-palestinian-listed-as-terrorist-group-australia-government/100839262. 
  25. Lua error in Module:Wp/bcc/Citation/CS1 at line 4421: attempt to index field 'date_names' (a nil value).
  26. Template:Citation/make link. July 26, 2017. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/26/eu-court-upholds-hamas-terror-listing. 
  27. Fighting terrorism.
  28. Lua error in Module:Wp/bcc/Citation/CS1 at line 4421: attempt to index field 'date_names' (a nil value).
  29. Lua error in Module:Wp/bcc/Citation/CS1 at line 4421: attempt to index field 'date_names' (a nil value).
  30. Lua error in Module:Wp/bcc/Citation/CS1 at line 4421: attempt to index field 'date_names' (a nil value).
  31. Lua error in Module:Wp/bcc/Citation/CS1 at line 4421: attempt to index field 'date_names' (a nil value).
  32. Lua error in Module:Wp/bcc/Citation/CS1 at line 4421: attempt to index field 'date_names' (a nil value).


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