Wp/zgh/ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ

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ⵜⴰⵙⴳⴰ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ
Abdelkrim El Khattabi en amazigh.jpg
Flag of the Rif Republic (1921–1926)
ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ ⴰⵛⵛⴰⵡⵏ
ⵜⴰⵎⵖⴰⵔⵜ ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ ⴷⵉ ⵔⵔⵉⴼ.

ⵔⵔⵉⴼ[edit]

ⵔⵔⵉⴼ ⵏⵉⵖ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ ⴷ ⵜⴰⵎⵏⴰⴹⵜ ⴷⵉ ⵓⴳⴰⴼⴰ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ, ⵜⵙⵙⴰⵊⵊⴰ ⵅⴼ ⵢⵉⵍⵍ ⴰⴳⵔⴰⴽⴰⵍ, ⵣⴷⴷⵖⵏ ⴷⵉⵙ ⴳⵔ 3 ⴰⵔ 5 ⵎⵍⵢⵓⵏ ⵏ ⵉⵎⵣⴷⴰⵖ. ⵜⴰⵎⵓⵔⵜ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵉⴼ ⵍⵍⴰⵏ ⴷⵉⵙ ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ,ⴷ ⵉⵣⴰⵖⴰⵔⵏ, ⴷ ⵢⵉⴼⵜⵉⵙⵏ ⵅⴼ ⵢⵉⵍⵍ ⴰⴳⵔⴰⴽⴰⵍ. ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⴷ ⵜⵎⵓⵔⵜ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵉⴼ ⵙⵙⵏⵜⴰ ⵙⴳ ⵉⵅⴼ ⵏ ⵙⴱⴰⵔⵜⵉⵍ (Cape Spartel) ⴷ ⵜⴰⵏⵊⴰ ⴷⵉ ⵓⵜⴰⵔⴰⵎ ⴰⵔ ⵉⵅⴼ ⵉⴽⴱⴷⴰⵏⵏ (Ras Kebdana) ⴷ ⵢⵉⵖⵥⴻⵔ ⴰⵎⴻⵍⵡⵉ (Meřwect) ⴳ ⵡⴳⵎⵓⴹ, ⵙⴳ ⵉⵍⵍ ⴰⴳⵔⴰⴽⴰⵍ ⴷⵉ ⵓⴳⴰⴼⴰ ⴰⵔ ⵉⵖⵥⵔ ⵏ ⵡⵔⵖⴰ ⴷⴳ ⵡⴰⵏⵥⵓⵍ. ⵙⴳ ⵉⵖⵔⵎⴰⵏ ⵉⵎⵇⵇⵔⴰⵏⵏ ⵢⵍⵍⴰⵏ ⴷⵉ ⵜⵎⵏⴰⴹⵜ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵉⴼ ⴰⵎⵇⵇⵔⴰⵏ ⵖⵔ ⵏⵖ: ⵏⵏⴰⴹⵓⵔ, ⵍⵃⵓⵙⵉⵎⴰ, ⵜⴰⵏⵊⴰ, ⵜⵉⵟⵟⴰⵡⵉⵏ, ⴰⵛⵛⴰⵡⵏ, ⴱⵔⴽⴰⵏ, ⵜⴰⵣⴰ, ⵜⴰⵔⴳⵉⵙⵜ, ⴰⵣⵖⵏⵖⴰⵏ, ⵙⵕⵡⴰⵏ, ⵎⵉⴹⴰⵔ, ⵣⴰⵢⵢⵓ, ⴰⵄⴰⵔⵡⵉ, ⴷⴷⵔⵉⵡⵛ, ⴰⵢⵜ ⴱⵓⵄⵢⵢⴰⵛ, ⵉⵎⵣⵓⵔⵏ, ⵍⵄⵔⴰⵢⵛ, ⴰⵊⴷⵉⵔ, ⵜⴰⵡⵔⵉⵔⵜ, ⴼⵏⵉⴷⵇ, ⴷ ⵍⵊⴱⵀⴰ. ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵉⴼ ⵓⴷⵙⵏ ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ “Cordillera Bética” ⴷⵉ ⵙⴱⴰⵏⵢⴰ. ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵉⴼ ⵓⴷⵙⵏ ⵎⴰⵛⴰ ⵡⵔ ⵇⵇⵉⵏⵏ ⵛⴰ ⵖⵔ ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ ⵡⴰⵜⵍⴰⵙ. ⵊⴰⵔ-ⴰⵙⵏ ⵜⵍⵍⴰ ⵜⴰⵣⴰ. ⵎⴰⵛⵉ ⵎⴰⵔⵔⴰ ⵉⵎⵣⴷⴰⵖ ⵏ ⵜⵎⵏⴰⴹⵜ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵉⴼ ⴰⵎⵇⵇⵔⴰⵏ ⵙⵙⴰⵡⴰⵍⵏ ⵜⵓⵜⵍⴰⵢⵜ ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ. ⵉⵎⵣⴷⴰⵖ ⵏ ⵜⴰⵏⵊⴰ ⴷ ⵜⵉⵟⵟⴰⵡⵉⵏ ⵇⵇⴰⵔⵏ ⵉ ⵢⵉⵅⴼ ⵏⵏⵙⵏ “ⵊⴱⴰⵍⴰ” (ⵉⵊⴱⵍⵉⵢⵏ) ⵏⵉⵜⵏⵉ ⵙⵙⴰⵡⴰⵍⵏ ⵜⴰⵄⵔⴰⴱⵜ ⵜⴰⵊⴱⵍⵉⵜ. ⵜⴰⵎⵏⴰⴹⵜ ⵏ “ⵊⴱⴰⵍⴰ” ⴷ ⵜⴰⴼⵓⵍⵜ ⵣⵉ ⵜⵎⵏⴰⴹⵜ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵉⴼ ⴰⵎⵇⵇⵔⴰⵏ. ⵉⵡⴷⴰⵏ ⵢⵙⵙⴰⵡⴰⵍⵏ ⵜⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ ⴷⵉ ⴰⵔⵉⴼ ⵇⵇⴰⵔⵏ ⵉ ⵢⵉⵅⴼ ⵏⵏⵙⵏ “ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ” ⵏⵉⵖ “ⵉⵔⵉⴼⵉⵢⵏ”, ⵜⵓⵜⵍⴰⵢⵜ ⵏⵙⵏ ⵇⵇⴰⵔⵏ ⴰⵙ ⵍⴱⴷⴰ “ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ” ⵎⴰⵛⵉ "ⵜⴰⵔⵉⴼⵉⵜ". ⵉⵡⴷⴰⵏ ⵏ ⴱⵔⵔⴰ ⵉ ⴰⵔⵉⴼ ⴷ ⵏⵉⵜⵏⵉ ⵢⵙⵙⵇⴷⴰⵛⵏ ⵜⴰⵡⴰⵍⵜ ⵏ “ⵜⴰⵔⵉⴼⵉⵜ” (ⵉ ⵜⵓⵜⵍⴰⵢⵜ), ⵎⴰⵛⵉ ⴷ ⵉⵔⵉⴼⵉⵢⵏ ⵙ ⵉⵎⴰⵏⵜ ⵏⵙⵏ.

ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ[edit]

ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ ⵉⵊ ⵏⵜⵙⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵉⴷⵓⵔⴰⵔ ⵉⵎⵇⵔⴰⵏⴻⵏ ⵉⵍⵍⴰⵏ ⴷⵉ ⵣⵍⵎⴹ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ

ⵉⵎⵇⵇⵔⴰⵏⴻⵏ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵉⴼ[edit]

ⵜⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰⵏⵜ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ[edit]

ⵜⴰⴳⴷⵓⵜⴰⵏⵜ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ ⴰⵙⵙⴰⵖ ⵏⵏⵙ ⵓⵏⵚⵉⴱ ⵜⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰⵏⵜ ⵏ ⵜⴰⵎⵓⵏⵜ ⵏ ⵜⵉⵇⴱⵉⵍⵉⵏ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ ⵜⴱⴻⴷ ⴷ 18 ⵛⵓⵜⴰⵏⴱⵉⵔ 1921 ⵓⵎⵉ ⴳⵉⵏ ⵉⵔⵉⴼⵉⵢⴻⵏ ⵜⴰⴳⵔⴰⵡⵍⴰ ⵅ ⵓⵙⴱⴰⵏⵢⵓ ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵥⵓⵏⵜ ⵏⵏⵙ ⴰⵊⴷⵉⵔ

ⵉⵎⵏⵖⵉ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ[edit]

  • ⵉⵎⵏⵖⵉ ⴰⵎⵣⵡⴰⵔⵓ

ⴰⵎⴳⴰⵔⵓ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ ⴷ ⵉⵎⵏⵖⵉ ⴷ ⴰⵣⵉⵔⴰⵔ ⵊⴰⵔ ⵉⵙⴱⵍⵢⵓⵏⵉⵢⵏ ⴷ ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ ⵊⴰⵔ ⴰⵙⴳⴳⴰⵙ 1911 ⴰⵔ 1926. ⴰⴳⴰⴼⴰ ⵏ ⵓⵎⵕⵕⵓⴽ ⵏⵉⵖ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ ⵜⵜⵓⵖⴰ ⵜⵃⴽⴽⵎ ⵅⴰⴼ ⵙ ⵙⴱⴱⴰⵏⵢⴰ. ⵍⵇⴰⴷⵉ ⵏ ⵜⴰⵎⵍⵉⵍⵜ (ⵏⵖ ⵎⵔⵉⵜⵛ) ⵄⴱⴷ ⴽⵔⵉⵎ ⴰⵅⵟⵟⴰⴱⵉ ⵉⵙⵙⴽⴽⴰⵔ ⴷ ⵉⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵏ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ ⵅⴼ ⵉⵙⴱⵍⵢⵓⵏⵉⵢⵏ. ⴷⵉ ⵢⵓⵍⵢⵓⵣ 1921, ⵉⵔⵉⴼⵉⵢⵏ ⵔⵏⴰⵏ ⴰⵙⵔⴷⴰⵙ ⴰⵙⴱⵍⵢⵓⵏⵉ ⴳ ⵉⵎⵏⵖⵉ ⵏ ⴰⵏⵡⴰⵍ. ⵉⵎⵏⵖⵉ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ ⴳ ⵓⵙⴳⴳⵯⴰⵙ ⵏ 1893 ⵉⵜⵡⴰⵙⵏ ⵙ ⵉⵎⵏⵖⵉ ⵏ ⵎⵍⵉⵍⵢⴰ ⵏⵉⵖ ⵉⵎⵏⵖⵉ ⵏ ⵎⵔⴳⴰⵔⵍⵓ ⵅ ⵡⴰⵙⵙⴰⵖ ⵏ ⵅⵡⴰⵏ ⴽⴰⵔⵍⵓⵙ ⵉⵎⴰⴳⴰⵍⵓ ⵓⵏⴱⵉⴹ ⵏ ⵎⵍⵉⵍⵢⴰ

  • ⵉⵎⵏⵖⵉ ⵡⵉⵙ ⵙⵉⵏ

ⵉⵏⴰⵥⵓⵔⵏ ⵏ ⴰⵔⵔⵉⴼ[edit]