Wp/shi/Tutlayt tamaziɣt taqburt

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Tutlayt tamaziɣt taqburt
Ingaln n tutlayt
ISO 639-3

Tutlayt tamaziɣt taqburttamaziɣt tamzwarut (s tanglizt: Proto-Berber, Proto-Libyan) tga yat tutlayt tazaykut d nttat aɣ d ffaɣn tutlayin timaziɣin lli nssn ɣilad. Tkka tt inn tga tamaziɣt taqburt yat tutlayt tafrusyawit, ɣayn af gan tutlayin timaziɣin lli gis iffɣn istiss n ɛmmis n tutlayt tamiṣrit d tutlayin tikuciyin d tutlayin tisamiyin d tutlayin titcadiyin d tutlayin tumuṭiyin.[1]

Amzruy[edit | edit source]

Teṭṭaf tutlayt tamaziɣt taqburt kran tɣawsiwin ur llin ɣ ammas n tutlayin tifrusyawiyin yaḍni, mac tutlayin timaziɣin n ɣilad mrwasn ingratsn yan imikk. Tbayn-d tutlayt tamaziɣt tamzwarut ɣar ɣ 3000 isggwasn aya mqqar tibḍit f tutlayin timaziɣin tkka tt inn gr 9000 d 10 000 isggwasn aya. Iɣ-d nucka ad nẓr mad ttini tussna n usmzazal n tutlayin d umzruy[2], rad naf is nnan id butussna mas tzri tutlayt ad f sin tikliwin n tmhazt atn igan[3]:

  • Tamaziɣt taqburt tamzwarut 1 (PB1) nna ibayyn ɣ tqriban kran 7000 isggwasn aya.
  • Tamaziɣt taqburt tis-snat 2 (PB2) xtad tga illis n tay-zwarn d nttat aɣ d uckan akk tutlayin timaziɣin lli sul illan ɣilad.

Ɣ tasut tis-30 qbl ad iggz ɛisa, bḍan middn lli isawaln s tmaziɣt taqburt ɣ tfriqt n ugafa gr Lmɣrib d Miṣra. Ɣ tasut tis-10 qbl ad iggz ɛisa, ijra yan ttawassuɛ yaḍn nttan ad aɣ iskrn ma mu nttini ɣila igdudn imaziɣn lli-nn iqyydn ɣ dar irumiyn. Ijra ttawassuɛ iggran ɣ ifḍ d kra bɛd ɛisa, lliɣ nnucgn imuhaɣ nɣ itwargiyn lli yumẓn ɣila tanzruft imqqurn n tfriqt lli mu nttini Ssaḥra.[4]

Ẓr ula[edit | edit source]

Tinidlisn[edit | edit source]

  • Allati, Abdelaziz (2002). Diachronie tamazighte ou berbere (en francés). Publications de L'Universite Abdelmalek Essaâdi. p. 296. ISBN 9981-61-015-1.
  • Blench, R. (2006). Archaeology, language, and the African past. Rowman Altamira. p. 361. ISBN 0-7591-0466-2.
  • Boukouss, Ahmed (2009). Phonologie de l'amazigh. Institut Royal de la Culture Amazigh. p. 445. ISBN 9954-28-019-7. Archivado desde el original el 26 de noviembre de 2013.
  • Ehret, Christopher (1995). Reconstructing Proto-Afroasiatic (Proto-Afrasian): vowels, tone, consonants, and vocabulary. University of California Press. p. 557. ISBN 0-520-09799-8.
  • Heath, Jeffrey (2005). A grammar of Tamashek (Tuareg of Mali). Walter de Gruyter. p. 745. ISBN 3-11-018484-2.
  • Heine, Bernd; Derek Nurse (2000). African languages: an introduction. Cambridge University Press. p. 396. ISBN 0-521-66629-5.
  • Kossmann, Maarten (2001a), «L'origine du vocalisme en zénaga de Mauritanie», en Ibriszimow, Dymitr; Vossen, Rainer, eds., Etudes berbères, pp. 89-95
  • Kossmann, Maarten (2001b), «The Origin of the Glottal Stop in Zenaga and its Reflexes in the other Berber Languages», Afrika und Übersee 84: 61-100
  • König, Christa (2008). Case in Africa. Oxford University Press. p. 343. ISBN 0-19-923282-2.
  • Prasse, Karl G. (1972-1974). Manuel de grammaire touarègue (tăhăggart) 3. Copenhagen.

Izdayn n brra[edit | edit source]

Iɣbula[edit | edit source]

  1. Abdl Aziz Alati (2002). Diachronie tamazighte ou berbere (s tfransist). منشورات جامعة عبد المالك السعدي. p. 296. ISBN 9981-61-015-1. ↑
  2. Militarev, A. (1984), "Sovremennoe sravnitel'no-istoricheskoe afrazijskoe jazykoznanie: chto ono mozhet dat' istoricheskoj nauke?", Lingvisticheskaja rekonstrukcija i drevnejshaja istorija Vostoka, Moscow, pp. 3–26, 44–5
  3. Louali & Philippson 2003, "Les Protoméditerranéens Capsiens sont-ils des protoberbères ? Interrogations de linguiste.", GALF (Groupement des Anthropologues de Langue Française), Mrrakc، 22-25 Cutanbir 2003. ↑
  4. Heine 2000, p. 292.


Tutlayin timaziɣin

Muritanya : Taznagt - Lmɣrib : TaclḥitTamaziɣtTarifitSnhaja n SrairFigigTaɣumarit - Dzayr : TaqbaylitTacawitTumẓabtTaggargrntTacnwitQsur n WahranTaznatit n Gurara - Tuns : TasnditMatmataTajrbitTamaẓrtDwirt - Libya : TanfusitZwaraƔadamsƔatTasuknitAl FogahaAugila - Miṣra : Tasiwit - Tiniri : TamahaqTayart - Tigzirin Tiknariyin :  Tagwancit