Wp/shi/Tutlayt Tajapunit

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Tutlayt Tajapunit

Tamazirt : Flag of Japan.svg Japun
Adɣar : Tamazirt n Japun
Amḍan n imsawaln : ~128 imlyunen (2020)
Ism n imsawaln : Ijapuniyn
Tawja : Tutlayin tijapuniyn
Agmmay n tirra : Kanji - Kana - Katakana - Hiragana

Isngal n tutlayt
ISO 639-1 : ja
ISO 639-2 : jpn
ISO 639-3 : jpn
Glottolog : nucl1643

Takarḍa
Japanese dialects-en.png


Tga Tajapunit (日本語 nihungu), tutlayt ittuysawaln ɣ Japun. Ar tt sawaln 125 umlyun n middn.

Tga tnibunt yat tutlayt tasglutnant.

Amzruy

Idrus mad ittwassnn f uzrmzruy n tutlayt tanibunt nɣ manak°d ad zwar tbayn ɣ tmazirt n nibun.

Iwyn d kra n warratn icinwiyn n tasut ts3 kra n tguriwin tinibunin. iḍrisn ttyaranin s tnibunt ur d baynn ar tasut ts8.

ɣ uzmz n hiyan (794–1185), tugm d tnibunt tazaykut bahra zɣ tcinwiyt ɣ umawal wala tasnmslit.

Tirra

Ar tssmras tutlayt tanibunt sin wanawn n iwnɣutn:

  • id kanji
  • id kana
    • id hiragana
    • id katakana

Iẓḍar yan ad isnfl id kana s kra n tmatarin mẓẓynin bac ad fkn imslitn yaḍnin. snat tmatarin a'illan: dakutin (゛) d handakutin (゜). s umdya (ɣ id hiragana):

  • か ka iɣ as nrna dakutin ar ittgga が ga;
  • さ sa → ざ za;
  • た ta → だ da;
  • は ha → ば ba, d iɣ as nga handakutin ar ittgga ぱ pa.

Hirakana

Japanesekatahira.png

Amawal

llan kraḍ isagmn mqqurnin n umawal ɣ tutlayt tanibunt, yamaṭu kuṭuba (大和言葉) nɣ d wagu (和語), kangu (漢語), d gayraygu (外来語).

asidf n umawal d ikkan tutlayin n uṛubba, gayraygu, ibda d urṭṭal zɣ tbrtqizt ɣ tasut ts16, ḍfurn t tguriwin zɣ thulanḍiyt lliɣ tt inn tkka nibun ɣ uẓlay ɣ uzmz n iḍu. lliɣ tnnurẓm nibun yili usmaynu n miji ɣ tasut ts19 ibda daɣ urṭṭal, maca tikklt ad zɣ talimant, tafṛansist, d tnglizt.

assa, tuggt n umawal urḍil tkka d tanglizt.

ẓr ula