Wp/shi/Tigmmi Tumlilt

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Tigmmi Tumlilt
الدار البيضاء (taɛrabt)
Casablanca (talatint)
Casablanca 3006812920.jpg

Ismawn
Ism aqbuṛ ⴰⵏⴼⴰ
Ism amaziɣ ⵜⵉⴳⵎⵎⵉ ⵜⵓⵎⵍⵉⵍⵜ
Ism aɛrab الدار البيضاء
Ism afransis Casablanca
Tamssugurt
Tamazirt Flag of Morocco.svg Lmɣrib
Tasga Tigmmi Tumlilt-Sṭṭat
Tamnbaḍt Tigmmi Tumlilt
Anbbaḍ Ɛabd lɛaziz Alɛumari
Inigl asaway 20000 ar 20700
Taraɣrft
Asmɣrf Ayt kaẓa - Ikaẓawiyn
Imzdaɣ 3 359 818 (2014)
Tanẓẓi 8 750 hab./km2
Akk imzdaɣ 4 270 750 (2014)
Tanẓẓi 2 644 hab./km2
Tarakalt
Amsidg 33°32′N 7°35′W
Tajumma 384 km2
Tattuyt Min.0m-Max.150m
Takarḍa
Asit n lweb
http://casablanca.ma/

Tigmmi Tumlilt nɣd Kaẓa nɣd Kaẓablanka nɣd Ḍḍarbiḍa (Zik tkkatin tga s yism s tamaziɣt : ⴰⵏⴼⴰ Anfa , s tutlayt taɛrabt : الدار البيضاء Ad-dar Al-Bayḍa , s tutlayt tafransist d tutlayin yaḍnin : Casablanca) tga yat tiɣrmt nɣd tamdint illan ɣ Lmɣrib, nttat ad akk imqqurn ɣ tmazirt ula ɣ tmazɣa. Tlla tiɣrmt ad ɣ utaram d gr ugafa d tuẓẓumt n tmazirt. Tlla ɣ tama n yill Aṭlasi s 338 km ɣ iffus n Ṭanja d s 243km ɣ ugafa n Mrrakc. Ar ittini usiḍn lli ittyuskar ɣ usggʷas n 2014 mas tiɣrmt ad zdɣn gis 3 359 818 umzdaɣ, ama iɣ nn nucka ad nḥasb ula idwarn d timdinin mẓẓiyn lli as iqrrbn d lli as itabɛan, rad naf 4 270 750 umzdaɣ.

Tlla ɣ Tigmmi Tumlilt yat timzgid imqurn ism nns Timzgida Ḥassan wiss sin.

Ar nqqar imzdaɣn n Tigmmi Tumlilt " biḍawa " d " kazawa " s darija d " ayt kaza " s tamaziɣt.

Amzruy

Tigmmi tumlilt tettuska ɣ yan n wansa ɣ tn tkka zikk yat tiɣrmt ism nns Anfa, ikka-tt-inn dars yan waddur mqqurn ɣ umzruy n lmɣrib ɣ tgira n tasut tis sat d mraw d tizwura n tasut tiss tamt. Tiɣrmt ad ikka d ansbaɣur innḍ s tmizar n tkrza, ikka-tt-inn gis ula asllalu, acku ill nns ittwassn s tugt n islman.

Ibrṭqizn rad rdln tiɣrmt n anfa ɣ tasut tiss smus id mraw d tis sḍis d mraw. Agllid Muḥmmad Bn Ɛbdllah (1757-1790) ay d as yulsn tuṣka ɣ tasut tiss tamt d mraw, ifka as ism n ddar lbiḍa (s tɛrabt: الدار البيضاء) ɣ wammas n tasut tiss tẓat d mraw, ikka-tt-inn gis ɣar yan ifḍ n imzdaɣn.

Imikk s imikk , yurri i tiɣrmt amllal innurẓm s usllalu nns f tmizar yaḍn n umaḍal , usan d dars kigan n irumiyn ad gis ttggan tatggart, igad adɣar n tatggart ɣ tafriqt n ugafa , asllalu nns iga amzwaru ɣ usifḍ n tmsɣiwin n tmazir n Lmɣrib.

Tawada s dat n imuknan n iɣrruba nna ittddun s irugga , d imuknan n tzṭṭa n tḍuft , ssmɣurn amussu ɣ usllalu aylliɣ igad yan zɣ idɣarn imqqurn n usufɣ n tḍuft ɣ wfraw n gr ikalln.

Ɣ usggwas n 1862 ittuga uzday s uɣrrabu gr marsay d tigmmi tumlilt.

Asllalu amaynu n tgmmi tumlilt ittuṣka ɣ usggwas n 1912. Iga asllalu amzwaru nna imqqurn, aha iga atrar n tgldit, ɣ tiɣrmt ula attayn nns imqqurd umussu admsan nnd, ɣayad ad yujja kigan n middn ad sis ddun, acku ggutnt twuriwin nna zḍarn ad gis skrn, ɣilad nẓra manik as tga tiɣrmt n Ḍḍar lbiḍa nna ikkan ɣar yat tiɣrmt imẓẓiyn, adɣar imqqurn n tdamsa d wansa axatar n uẓrf ɣ tmazirt n Lmɣrib.

Aẓur n wawal

Ism waɛrab n tamdint ad igat "الدار البيضاء" ddar lbiḍa , tga usuɣl n ism abrtqizi "Casablanca" kazablanka, d aṣblyuni "Casablanca" kazablanka nna igan taddart tumlilt nɣd tigmmi tumlilt , ɛnan gis ixrban n yat tgmmi iqburn itawsbaɣn s umlil kantin iwlaln ibiriyn nna tdwarn ɣ nawaḥi ann tga yasn zund kra n usddag

ikattin asagn n tamdint ad yan usagn nna bahra gis tlla taɣult ɣ tizi n tagldit n burɣwaṭa, tamdint ad tkattin ɣakudan ism nns anfa

Asnmkta

Ar ittini usiḍn lli ittyuskar ɣ usggʷas n 2014 mas[1]:

Aslmd

  • Tigmiḍi n taqubbanit (middn lli ur ssin ad aqran wala ad ttaran) : 17.2%
  • Tigmiḍi n imzdaɣ lli iɣran ar usinan n usmdi nɣd uggar : 18.2%

Tadamsa

  • Tigmiḍi n imzdaɣ lli llan ɣ isggasn nnsn n twuri : 52.4%
  • Tigmiḍi n tarwuri (middn lli ur ṭṭafn tawuri) : 18.9%
  • Tigmiḍi n imzdaɣ lli swurin dar lmxzn (nɣ kantin swurin gis) : 8.6%
  • Tigmiḍi n imzdaɣ lli swurin ɣ uslig (nɣ kantin swurin gis) : 62.2%

Tarakalt

Tlla Tigmmi Tumlilt ɣ iggi wakal n tqbilt n Ccawiya lli yad ittuyssan s tanfllaḥt zɣ tisutin izaykutn, s ɣilad nit illa sul gis anaw ad n umussu. Acku Tugmmi Tumlilt ar taggw f yill Aṭlasi, han llan gis kigan n wanawn n islman, ɣwid iggran ar skcamn i tmazirt n Lmɣrib kigan n iqqariḍn.

Anzwi

Anzwi ɣ tiɣrmt n Tigmmi Tumlilt iga yan unzwi lli igan muɛtadil, yeɛni ur iḥmi bzzaf, ur daɣ ibrrd bzzaf.

Tigmmi Tumlil
Ayyur Innayer Fibrayr Mars Abril Mayu Yunyu Yulyuz Ɣuct Cutambir Uktubr Nuwanbir Dujanbir
Aklis n lḥma 17.3 18.0 19.6 20.2 21.9 24.1 25.8 26.3 25.7 23.8 20.9 18.7
Aklis n uṣmmiḍ 9.2 10.4 11.8 13.2 15.6 18.7 20.5 20.9 19.7 16.8 13.3 11.1
Anzwi n Tigmmi Tumlilt ɣ iggi n yill[2]
Innayer Fibrayr Mars Abril Mayu Yunyu Yulyuz Ɣuct Cutambir Uktubr Nuwanbir Dujanbir
17.5 °C 17.0 °C 17.1 °C 18.4 °C 19.5 °C 21.8 °C 22.7 °C 23.3 °C 23.1 °C 22.5 °C 20.4 °C 18.5 °C

Tudrt

Tiɣri

Asinan n usmdi Jabir Bnu Hayan

Tiɣmrt tamzwarut ɣ usslmd yattuyn ɣ lmɣrib, Tigmmi tumlilt tga ansa n sin yigran n usslmd, asslmd agdudan d usslmd uslig : tisdawiyin, tinmal mqqurnin d tdaliwin n usḥiyyl s ukayad n tfransist fad ad tkcmt s tinmt n tugt n tiknikt, HEC,ESSEC, ENS…

Asslmd amrrukiy ar issnkad tamnnawt n ismuttgn d urẓẓum n tugt n islkinn lli d dar illa uswir a maḍlan (win wammas, asinag anamur n tẓuṛi win d tazzulin…) tugt n istay da ttuwfkin i imzrawn. Tẓḍaṛt ad tɣrt ula assgnf, anjinyur n udwas, mad iẓlin s umssudsn, asuttg n tzmmar ɣ wib, ddizayn, amsasa, tasbbabt d uzrf…. Ɣayad rad t inn taft ɣ tfadiwin yufn.

Tawada d tɣawsa n tmaḍlant, timrsalin timattuyin lli llanin ɣ lmrɣib ssattuyint asnfl asdawan ɣ brra n tmazirt. Kraygat usggwas tugt n imzrawn dat ttidun s tmrsalin lli d tlla tdrawt ɣ Ccinwa , Sbanya, Fransa, Inglatirra, Swisra, Marikan, d Jjabbun….

Tudrt n imzrawn s ɣmk ad ar ilmma ttbuɣli, Tigmmi tumlilt tmmaɣ ad tg adɣar lli rad isnubbg iɛrrimn lli d iddan zɣ ku tasga. Tugt n middn ar tt zrran tga ansa n tsimant d tmassayt tg ula ansa lli rad taft tawsna d usmuttg.

Umzdɣ

iɣ ar tsiggilt s twisi tizi nna tsiggilt s tigmmi, ɣ mmnid nnk astay ɣ tugt n isitn ɣ lantirnit d iɣmisn n ilɣutn n tzduɣt, ɣmk lli rad taft tama nnk ula isaritn n trqqast. Assgmi d usslmd n tarwa nnun issiḥl kn ? timrsalin ttussannin s uswir nnsnt yattuyn zund asinan n ussmdi n Muḥmmad wiss smmus, d win Mula ɛblla d win l-Xawarizmi ku asggwas ar d ttawin mad yufn n islmdn, ɣmk lli llant ula tmsirin n usḥiyyl ɣ tinmal mqqurnin n Lmɣrib ula Fransa. Ɣwid ad iglin asslmd agdudan fad ad ifk yan udm iẓil i lmɣrib. Surn f iɣawasn naḥya n fransa, sbanya, biljikka d win marikan d awd asslmd uslig lli illan ɣ tmazirt.

Imsniyn

Acku tamdint ad tga yat zɣ timdinin nna akk imqqurn ɣ tafriqt n ugafa , lan gis kigan n imsniyn

Izagzn

Azagz n Muḥmmad wis smmus

Tigmmi tumlilt gis yan uzagz nna bahra istawhman ɣ tamazirt n lmrruk , igat azagz n Muḥmmad wis-smmus, yaggug f tiɣrmt s kran 15 km , gis uggar n 50 timttiyin ugnwan ar tawin s uggar n 80 n lblayṣ.

Tigmmi tumlilt gis yan uzagz yaḍni , igat unafag n Tiṭṭ mlliln , iga ɣar i isafagn ibnabakn d win tasgiwin , ama uzagz n anfa ɣwan iqn wahli zɣ usggas n 2017.

Talmacint

Tamdint n tigmmi tumlilt gis abrid n talmacint, ar nn ittawi s kigan n timdinin yaḍnin n tmazirt n lmrruk, tamdint ad gis kigan n israsn zund win "Tigmmi tumlilt - asagz " , " Tigmmi tumlilt - imuddan " , " Ɛin ssbɛ " ...

Tramway

Illa ɣ tigmmi tumlilt aɣaras n Tramway ar izray ɣ tuggt n idɣarn ɣ tmdint ad, ar ɣilan llan sin iɣarasn nɣ ibrdan, yili Abrid amzwaru illa s ddu yism n  T1  ar ittawi zɣ Sidi Mumn ar Lisasfa d ar izray f asuk n Muḥmmad V, asays n Marical, asuk n Ḥasan wis-sin d kigan n idɣarn istawhman ɣ tmdint ad. Yili abrid wis-sin illa ddu yism n  T2 , ɣwad ar ittawi zɣ Sidi Lbrnuṣi s Ɛin dyab, ar izray f Ɛin ssbɛ, Drb Ṣlṭan, Anwal, Drb ɣllf...

Takarḍa n iɣarasn n Tramway n Tigmmi tumlilt

Igmamn

Lɛamalat

Tigmmi n tilelli ɣ Tigmmi tumlilt

Tiɣrmt n tigmmi tumlilt gis tamt n lɛamalat zund:

  • Ɛin ccuq
  • Ɛin Ssbɛ - Ḥay muḥmmadi
  • Anfa
  • Bn msik
  • Sidi Lbrnuṣi
  • Al Fida - Mrs Ṣulṭan
  • Ḥay Ḥasani
  • Mulay Rcid

Lmuqaṭaɛat

Ɣ lɛamalat ad daɣ gisn sḍiṣ d mraw n lmuqaṭaɛat:

  • Anfa
  • Mɛarif
  • Sidi Blyuṭ
  • Al Fida
  • Mrs ṣulṭan
  • Ɛin Ssbɛ
  • Iẓṛan Sggannin
  • Ḥay Muḥmadi
  • Ḥay Ḥasani
  • Ɛin Ccuq
  • Sidi Lbrnuṣi
  • Sidi Mumn
  • Bn Msik
  • Sbata
  • Mulay Rcid
  • Sidi Ɛtman

Tiwlafin

Timdinin tistmatin

Tigmmi Tumlilt tga tamdint tistmat d:[3][4]

Isaɣuln

  1. RGPH 2014 - Site HCP
  2. Seatemperature.org http://www.seatemperature.org/africa/morocco/casablanca-may.htm%7Ctitle=Monthly Dakar water temperature chart
  3. http://casablanca.ma/Page_Centrale.aspx?Id_Page=5277
  4. https://english.busan.go.kr/SisterCities