Wp/shi/Taclḥit

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Taclḥit - Tasusit
ⵜⴰⵛⵍⵃⵉⵜ

Tamazirt : Flag of Morocco.svg Lmɣrib
Adɣar : Iffus kullut n Lmɣrib
Amḍan n imsawaln : 8 ar 10 id mlyun
Ism n imsawaln : Iclḥiyn - Isusiyn
Tawja : Tutlayin timaziɣin
Takat : Tamaziɣt n Waṭlas
Agmmay n tirra : Tifinaɣ - Alatin - Aɛrab

Isngal n tutlayt
ISO 639-3 : shi
Glottolog : tach1250

Takarḍa
Tachelhit.png

Taclḥit ( s tifinaɣ : ⵜⴰⵛⵍⵃⵉⵜ nɣd ⵜⴰⵙⵓⵙⵉⵜ ) tga yat tutlayt tamaziɣt illan ɣ tamazirt n lmɣrib, middn li sis isawaln gan Iclḥiyn. nttat ay-gan tutlayt tamaziɣt tamzwarut ɣ wuṭṭun n imssiwln d tiriwt n udɣar arakal nna tumẓ, llan uggar gr 8 ar 10 id mlyun ar sis sawaln. [1]

Tettuysawal Tclḥiyt ɣ Sus, Iḥaḥan, Lḥuz n Mrrakc d kra n tsggʷin yaḍnin asn d iwalan. Tumẓ tutlayt taclḥit zɣ Taṣṣurt ɣ ugafa ar Aglmim ɣ unẓul ar Warzazat ɣ ugmuḍ. Mac ar tin ntafa tlla ula ɣ timdinin mqqurnin n lmɣrib zund Tigmmi Tumlilt, d Rṛbaṭ d Sla.

Tkattin taclḥit ar tt taran s uskkil aɛrab nɣd alatini, ilin tugt n arratn s tclḥit s uskkil aɛrab. Ɣ isggʷasn ad ggʷranin isfɣ usinag agldan n tussna tamaziɣt anaw amaynu n tifinaɣ ar as tinin Neo-Tifinaɣ ntat ɣila as tt taran willi as ssnin. Mqqar twuri lli d iskr usinag agldan, agmmay alatini d waɛrab ad akk iggutn slawan ɣ lWib d wantirnit.

Taclḥit kcmn tt iwaliwn n taɛrabt mac nttat ay-gan tutlayt tamaziɣt nna idrus is as kcmt iwaliwn iɛrabn, urd zund taqbaylit d tarifit d tutlayin timaziɣin yaḍnin ..., nẓḍar ad nini mas d nttat ay-gan tutlayt tamaziɣt nna akkʷ iṭṭafn uṭṭun imqqurn n iwaliwn iẓuran ɣ tmaziɣt, zund amdya d izwiln nna illan sul ɣ wawal aclḥi ar ɣassa. Ɣayn ad yujjan tutlayin timaziɣin yaḍnin atn usin zɣ taclḥit afad ad tn skcmn s wawal nsn.

Tirra[edit | edit source]

Adlis n Muḥmmad Awzal s Tclḥit s uskkil aɛrab

Zund tutlayin yadni n imaziɣn, Taclḥiyt tyura smnaw igmayn, mac gan igmayn imaziɣiyn ilatiniyn willi bahra styura. Ama igmmayn iramaniyn, li sa tyura taɛrabt d ntat. Trrayad art nt nttafa bahra ɣ tmzgadiwin tiqqbura dar willi ɣranin ɣ skayl timuslimin. Ɣilad lan midn li ar taran s igmmayn n tifinaɣ.

Agmmay n Tifinaɣ[edit | edit source]

Uran imzwura tamaziɣt s iskkiln n tfinaɣ d iskkiln n tarabt d iskkiln n tlatinit maca ɣ usggʷas n 2003 iskcm usinag agldan n tussna tamaziɣt tifinaɣ ɣ uslmad n tmaziɣt; tdwl tifinaɣ niɣ tifinaɣ tunṣibt ɣ umrruk.

Agmmay Talatinit[edit | edit source]

Agmay n Talatint gis sin wanawn:

Agmmay alatin amaziɣ[edit | edit source]

Crystal Clear app kdict.png Imgradn lli yas iḍfarn : Agemmay alatin n tmaziɣt

Agmmay amaziɣ alatin nɣd Agmmay alatin n tmaziɣt nɣd akk Tamɛmmrit iga yan ugmmay alatini ittiwskar fad ad sis nttara tutlayin timaziɣin n ugafa zund taclḥit, tarifit, taqbaylit d tacawit d wiyyaḍ zɣ isggwasn 1840 Agemmay Amaziɣ Alatin iṭṭaf 23 iskkiln Ilatiniyen d 10 isekkilen yaḍn. Yiwid agmmay ad ism n Tamɛmmrit, tajmilt i Mulud Mɛemmri, nttan atn iɛdln.

Tirra yad tggut bahra dar middn lli iɣran tamaziɣt ɣ ammas n tsdawit nɣ lli snubbucn ɣ tussna n ilsan n tutlayin timaziɣin, ar tt ntafa ɣ kigan n idlisn n Taclḥit n uzmz ad, d nzḍar att naf ula ɣ tirubba n faysbuk d sitat n iclḥiyn lli dar tɛzza tutlayt nnsn irin t ad timɣur.

Agmmay alatin afransis[edit | edit source]

Tirra ad a bahra nttafa ɣ wantirnit acku nttat ayzḍar kraygat yan ast ifhm, tusi lqawaɛid n tirra n laṣwat zɣ tafransist (zund c = ch ,ɣ = gh ,x = kh) mac ur teṭṭaf lqawaɛid ibiddn, kuyan d mamnk ast ittara, ɣayn af tga ɣir i umsawal d imddukkal d tirra ɣ ammas n lyutub d sitat yaḍn..

Agmmay Taɛrabt[edit | edit source]

Uran imḥḍarn n timzgadiwin n iffus n tmazirt n umrruk s tirra n taɛrabt ulla s igmmayn n tlatint, illin idllisn d arratn s iskkiln ad .

Awal Abṛani[edit | edit source]

Afrux isawaln s taclḥit.

Kra n tguriwin nna d kan tutlayt taɛrabt d kra n tguriwin nna mrwasn ɣ tclḥit d tutlayt taɛibrit d tutlayt talatinit d tutlayt taṣbnyulit :

Taclḥit Taɛrabt Taclḥit Taɛibrit Taclḥit Talatinit Taclḥit Taṣbnyulit
afrran frran فران agadir gadir גָּדֵר afullus bullus Pullus acaqqur sixur Segur
aḥddad ḥddad حداد aẓalim bslim בצלים asnus asinus Asinus lficṭa fyista Fiesta
axmmas xmmas خماس aɣanim qanim קנים alili lilyum Lilium sskwila skwila Escuela
agzzar jazzar جزار lmd lmud ללמוד taɣawsa kusa Causa cmrir sumbriru Sombrero
acṭṭab cṭṭab شطاب abaw faba Faba acnti sintinu Centeno

Kran izwiln nna mrwasn d tutlayin simitik :

Taclḥit Tigrinya Tafiniqit Taɛrabt
5 smmus ḥammuṣ- ḥammuš- ḥmṣ ḥmš xams- xams-
6 sḍis ṣidiṣ- šɨdɨš- ṣṣ šš sitt- sitt-
7 sa ṣubɛat šobʕat- ṣbɛšbʕ sabɛ- sabʕ-
8 tam ṣummun- šommon- ṣmn šmn taman- θamān-
9 tẓa tiṣɛat- tɨšʕat- tṣɛ tšʕ tisɛ- tisʕ-

Addag n tutlayt[edit | edit source]

Tamdyazt s tutlayt Taclḥit
──o Tafrusyawit 
  ├─o Proto-Tamaziɣt 1 (-7000)
    └─o Proto-Tamaziɣt 2 (-2000)
      ├─o Tamaziɣt n umalu
        └──o Tamaziɣt n waṭlas
           └──o Taclḥit

Tinidlisn[edit | edit source]

Tigrawin n tmazirt n Lmɣrib nna ɣ ttuysawaln Taclḥit dar uggar n uzgn n middn.

Tajṛṛumt[edit | edit source]

  • Robert Aspinion: Apprenons le berbère: initiation aux dialectes chleuhs. Rabat 1952.
  • Abdallah Boumalk, Manuel de conjugaison du tachelhit (langue berbère du Maroc), Paris, L'Harmattan, 2003 - ISBN 2-7475-5527-5
  • Abdallah El Mountassir, Initiation au Tachelhit, langue berbère du sud du Maroc. "Ra nsawal tachelhit", Paris, L'Asiathèque, 1999 - ISBN 2-911053-53-2
  • Hans Stumme, Handbuch des Schilhischen von Tazerwalt. Grammatik, Lesestücke, Gespräche, Glossar, Leipzig, Hinrichs, 1899.

Imawaln[edit | edit source]

  • Abdellah Bounfour & Abdallah Boumalk, Vocabulaire usuel du tachelhit, Éditions Centre Tarik Ibn Ziyad, Rabat.
  • Edmond Destaing, Étude sur la tachelḥît du Sous. I- Vocabulaire français-berbère, Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1920
  • Abdallah El Mountassir, Dictionnaire des verbes tachelhit-français (parler berbère du sud du Maroc), Paris, L'Harmattan, 2003 - ISBN 2-7475-3577-0
  • Antoine Jordan, Dictionnaire berbère-français (dialectes tašelhait), Rabat, Omnia, 1934.
  • Michel Quitout, Grammaire berbère (rifain, tamazight, chleuh, kabyle), Paris, L'Harmattan, 2007 - ISBN 2-7384-6004-6

Taskla[edit | edit source]

  • Paulette Galand-Pernet, Littératures berbères, des voix, des lettres, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France - PUF, 1998 - ISBN 2-13-049518-4
  • Paulette Galand-Pernet, Recueil de poèmes chleuhs. I- Chants de trouveurs, Paris, Klincksieck, 1972 - ISBN 2-252-01415-6.
  • Hans Stumme, Dichtkunst und Gedichte der Schluh, Leipzig, Hinrichs, 1895
  • Nico Van den Boogert, The Berber Literary Tradition of the Sous, with an edition and translation of ‘The Ocean of Tears' by Muhammad Awzal (d. 1749), Leiden, Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten (Sticht de Goeje, 27), 1997.

Iḍṛiṣn[edit | edit source]

  • Edmond Destaing, Textes berbères en parler des Chleuḥs du Sous (Maroc), Paris, Geuthner, 1940.
  • Harry Stroomer, An anthology of Tashelhiyt Berber folktales (South Morocco), Köln, Köppe, 2001 (Berber studies 2) - ISBN 3-89645-381-5
  • Harry Stroomer, Tashelhiyt Berber folktales from Tazerwalt (South Morocco) : a linguistic reanalysis of Hans Stumme's Tazerwalt texts with an English translation, Köln, Köppe, 2002 (Berber studies 4) - ISBN 3-89645-383-1 (riedizione di: Hans Stumme, Märchen der Schluh von Tazerwalt, Lepzig, Hinrichs, 1895)
  • Harry Stroomer, Tashelhiyt Berber texts from the Ayt Brayyim, Lakhsas and Guedmioua region (South Morocco) : a linguistic reanalysis of Récits, contes et légendes berbères en Tachelhiyt by Arsène Roux with an English translation, Köln, Köppe, 2003 (Berber studies 5) - ISBN 3-89645-384-X
  • Harry Stroomer, Tashelhiyt Berber texts from Ida u Tanan (South Morocco), Köln, Köppe, 2004 (Berber studies 9) - ISBN 3-89645-388-2

Ilikitn n imawaln[edit | edit source]

Isaɣuln[edit | edit source]

  1. Rhythms and Rhymes of Life: Music and Identification Processes of Dutch, Miriam Gazzah, 2008
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Tutlayin timaziɣin

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