Andar marēnišn ī zīwgōwišnīgīh, Wirāyōšmārīg gāhān grōh aškōbān ī warzānān (ēw wirāyan) ō ēw wirāyōšmārīg pāyagān ast. Čiyōn Sardag, Gōnag, Zand, Dūdag, Radag, Mar, Tōhmag (ayāb Kardag andar urwarān) Šahryārīh, Kustag ud Šāhānšāhīh.
Bungāhān[edit | edit source]
|phylum||phylum (in zoology)||Tōhmag (ō zīwgōwišnīh)|
|divisio||division (in botany)||Kardag (ō giyāwīh)|
Harw wirāyan hamēšag gāhēw hangišīhist ēstēd ka ān āyēnīh nām-iš dahīhist ēstēd. Bungāhān nāmān ī gōnag ud sardag hēnd.
Nimōnagān[edit | edit source]
Classifications of five species follow: the [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drosophila_melanogaster fruit fly] familiar in genetics laboratories (Drosophila melanogaster), [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human humans] (Homo sapiens), the [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pea peas] used by [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregor_Mendel Gregor Mendel] in his discovery of [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetics genetics] (Pisum sativum), the "fly agaric" mushroom [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amanita_muscaria Amanita muscaria], and the bacterium [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escherichia_coli Escherichia coli]. The eight major ranks are given in bold; a selection of minor ranks are given as well.
- Table notes
- The ranks of higher taxa, especially intermediate ranks, are prone to revision as new information about relationships is discovered. For example, the [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flowering_plant flowering plants] have been downgraded from a division (Magnoliophyta) to a subclass (Magnoliidae), and the superorder has become the rank that distinguishes the major groups of flowering plants. The traditional classification of primates (class Mammalia—subclass Theria—infraclass Eutheria—order Primates) has been modified by new classifications such as McKenna and Bell (class Mammalia—subclass Theriformes—infraclass Holotheria) with Theria and Eutheria assigned lower ranks between infraclass and the order Primates. See [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mammal_classification mammal classification] for a discussion. These differences arise because there are only a small number of ranks available and a large number of branching points in the fossil record.
- Within species further units may be recognised. Animals may be classified into subspecies (for example, Homo sapiens sapiens, modern humans) or [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polymorphism_(biology) morphs] (for example Corvus corax varius morpha leucophaeus, the pied raven). Plants may be classified into subspecies (for example, Pisum sativum subsp. sativum, the garden pea) or varieties (for example, Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon, snow pea), with cultivated plants getting a [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultivar cultivar] name (for example, Pisum sativum var. macrocarpon 'Snowbird'). Bacteria may be classified by [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strain_(biology) strains] (for example [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escherichia_coli_O157:H7 Escherichia coli O157:H7], a strain that can cause [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foodborne_illness food poisoning]).
- [./https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mnemonic Mnemonics] are available at mnemonic-device.eu and thefreedictionary.com.