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ꯀꯣꯑꯣꯔꯗꯤꯅꯦꯠꯁ: 16°N 108°E / 16°N 108°E / 16; 108

Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam  (Vietnamese)
Flag of ꯚꯦꯠꯅꯥꯝ
Motto: Độc lập – Tự do – Hạnh phúc
"Independence – Freedom – Happiness"
Location of  Wp/mni/ꯚꯦꯠꯅꯥꯝ  (green) in ASEAN  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Wp/mni/ꯚꯦꯠꯅꯥꯝ  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

ꯀꯣꯅꯨꯡ Hanoi
21°2′N 105°51′E / 21.033°N 105.850°E / 21.033; 105.850
ꯈꯨꯋꯥꯏꯗꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯎꯕ ꯁꯤꯇꯤ Ho Chi Minh City
Official language None[n 1]
National language Vietnamese
ꯐꯨꯔꯨꯞ ꯀꯥꯡꯕꯨꯁꯤꯡ
ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡ ꯂꯤꯆꯠ
ꯗꯤꯅꯣꯅꯤꯌꯝ Vietnamese
ꯂꯩꯉꯥꯛ Unitary Marxist-Leninist one-party socialist republic
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
• President
Nguyễn Phú Trọng
Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
Nguyễn Thị Kim Ngân
ꯂꯦꯖꯤꯁꯂꯦꯆꯔ National Assembly
2 September 1945
21 July 1954
2 July 1976[4]
28 November 2013[n 3]
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
꯳,꯳꯱,꯲꯱꯲ ꯀꯤm2 (꯱,꯲꯷,꯸꯸꯲ sq mi) (65th)
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
94,569,072[6] (15th)
• ꯀꯨꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯡ
꯲꯷꯶.꯰꯳/km2 (꯷꯱꯴.꯹/sq mi) (46th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
$769.928 billion[7] (35th)
• ꯄꯥꯔ ꯀꯦꯄꯤꯇꯥ
$8,063[7] (128th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
$260.301 billion[7] (47th)
• ꯄꯥꯔ ꯀꯦꯄꯤꯇꯥ
$2,726[7] (129th)
Gini (2014) 37.6[8]
HDI (2017) Increase 0.694[9]
medium · 116th
Currency đồng (₫) (VND)
ꯃꯐꯝꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯝ UTC+07:00 (Vietnam Standard Time)
ꯆꯩꯆꯠ ꯃꯑꯣꯡ ꯆꯩ/ꯊꯥ/ꯆꯍꯤ
Driving side right
Calling code +84
Internet TLD .vn

ꯚꯦꯠꯅꯥꯝ (Template:Wp/mni/Lang-vi Template:Wp/mni/IPA-vi), officially the ꯁꯣꯁꯤꯌꯦꯜꯂꯤꯁ ꯔꯤꯄ꯭ꯂꯥꯕꯤꯛ ꯑꯣꯐ ꯚꯦꯠꯅꯥꯝ (Template:Wp/mni/ang-vi), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula. With an estimated 94.6 million inhabitants Template:As of, it is the 15th most populous country in the world. Vietnam shares its land borders with China to the north, and Laos and Cambodia to the west. It shares its maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia through the South China Sea.[n 4] Its capital city is Hanoi, while its most populous city is Ho Chi Minh City.

Archaeological excavations indicate that Vietnam was inhabited as early as the Paleolithic age. The ancient Vietnamese nation was annexed by China in the 2nd century BC, which subsequently made Vietnam a division of China for over a millennium. The first independent monarchy emerged in the 10th century AD. This paved the way for successive imperial dynasties as the nation expanded geographically southward until the Indochina Peninsula was colonised by the French in the mid-19th century. Modern Vietnam was born upon the Declaration of Independence from France in 1945. Following Vietnamese victory against the French in the First Indochina War, which ended in 1954, the nation was divided into two rival states: communist North and anti-communist South. Conflicts intensified in the Vietnam War, which saw extensive US intervention in support of South Vietnam and ended with North Vietnamese victory in 1975.

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯐꯝ[edit | edit source]

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