Wp/mni/ꯏꯓꯤꯞ

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Arab Republic of Egypt
Flag of Egypt
Flag
{{{coat_alt}}}
Coat of arms
Anthem: "Bilady, Bilady, Bilady"
"بلادي، بلادي، بلادي"
"My country, my country, my country"
EGY orthographic.svg
ꯀꯣꯅꯨꯡ Cairo
30°2′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217
ꯑꯣꯐꯤꯁꯤꯌꯦꯜ ꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤꯡ Arabic
National language Egyptian Arabic[a]
ꯂꯥꯏꯅꯤꯡ ꯂꯤꯆꯠ See Religion in Egypt
ꯗꯤꯅꯣꯅꯤꯌꯝ Egyptian
ꯂꯩꯉꯥꯛ Unitary semi-presidential
republic
• President
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Mostafa Madbouly
Ali Abdel Aal
ꯂꯦꯖꯤꯁꯂꯦꯆꯔ House of Representatives
Establishment
• Unification of Upper
and Lower Egypt
[1][2][b]
c. 3150 BC
• Muhammad Ali dynasty inaugurated
9 July 1805[3]
28 February 1922
ꯖꯨꯂꯥꯏ ꯲꯲, ꯱꯹꯵꯲
• Republic declared
18 June 1953
18 January 2014
Area
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
꯱꯰,꯱꯰,꯴꯰꯸[4] ꯀꯤm2 (꯳,꯹꯰,꯱꯲꯱ sq mi) (29th)
• Water (%)
0.632
Population
• 2017 census
94,798,827[5]
• ꯀꯨꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯡ
꯹꯶/km2 (꯲꯴꯸.꯶/sq mi) (118th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
Increase $1.391 trillion[6] (21st)
• ꯄꯥꯔ ꯀꯦꯄꯤꯇꯥ
Increase $14,028[6] (94th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
Increase $300 billion[6] (43rd)
• ꯄꯥꯔ ꯀꯦꯄꯤꯇꯥ
Increase $3,019[6] (130th)
Gini (2015) Positive decrease 31.8[7]
medium · 51st
HDI (2017) Increase 0.696[8]
medium · 115th
Currency Egyptian pound (E£) (EGP)
ꯃꯐꯝꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯝ UTC+2[c] (EET)
Driving side right
Calling code +20
ISO 3166 code EG
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Literary Arabic is the sole official language.[9] Egyptian Arabic is the national spoken language. Other dialects and minority languages are spoken regionally.
  2. ^ "Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation".[10][11] Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.
  3. ^ See Daylight saving time in Egypt.

ꯏꯓꯤꯞ (/ˈɪpt/ (About this sound listen) EE-jipt; Template:Wp/mni/lang-ar Miṣr, Template:Wp/mni/lang-arz Maṣr, Template:Wp/mni/lang-cop Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country in the northeast corner of Africa, whose territory in the Sinai Peninsula extends beyond the continental boundary with Asia, as traditionally defined. Egypt is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, Libya to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.

Egypt has one of the longest histories of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 6th–4th millennia BCE. Considered a cradle of civilisation, Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government.[12]

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯐꯝ[edit | edit source]

  1. (1988) Modern Egypt: The Formation of a Nation-State. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 5. ISBN 978-0-86531-182-4. “Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation. For most of their history, Egypt has been a state, but only in recent years has it been truly a nation-state, with a government claiming the allegiance of its subjects on the basis of a common identity.” 
  2. Background Note: Egypt. United States Department of State Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs (10 November 2010). Retrieved on 5 March 2011
  3. Pierre Crabitès (1935). Ibrahim of Egypt. Routledge, 1. ISBN 978-0-415-81121-7. Retrieved on 10 February 2013. “... on July 9, 1805, Constantinople conferred upon Muhammad Ali the pashalik of Cairo ...” 
  4. Total area km2, pg.15. Capmas.Gov – Arab Republic of Egypt. Archived from the original on 21 March 2015။ Retrieved on 8 May 2015
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named capmas.gov.eg
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019. International Monetary Fund.
  7. GINI index. World Bank. Retrieved on 8 February 2013
  8. 2018 Human Development Report. United Nations Development Programme (2018). Retrieved on 14 September 2018
  9. Constitutional Declaration: A New Stage in the History of the Great Egyptian People. Egypt State Information Service (30 March 2011). Retrieved on 15 April 2011
  10. name="USDept of State/Egypt"
  11. Arthur Goldschmidt (1988). Modern Egypt: The Formation of a Nation-State. Westview Press. ISBN 978-0-86531-182-4. 
  12. Midant-Reynes, Béatrix. The Prehistory of Egypt: From the First Egyptians to the First Kings. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.