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Flag of ꯎꯀ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯟ
Coat of arms
"Shche ne vmerla Ukrayiny
ni slava, ni volya

(ꯏꯪꯂꯤꯁ ꯂꯣꯟ: "The Glory and the Will of Ukraine Have Not Yet Died" )Template:Efn
Europe-Ukraine (orthographic projection; disputed territory).svg
Europe-Ukraine (disputed territory).svg
ꯀꯣꯅꯨꯡ Kiev
50°27′N 30°30′E / 50.450°N 30.500°E / 50.450; 30.500
ꯑꯣꯐꯤꯁꯤꯌꯦꯜ ꯂꯣꯟꯁꯤꯡ ꯎꯀ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯟ ꯂꯣꯟ
ꯐꯨꯔꯨꯞ ꯀꯥꯡꯕꯨꯁꯤꯡ (2001)[1]
ꯗꯤꯅꯣꯅꯤꯌꯝ ꯎꯀ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯟꯁꯤꯡ
ꯂꯩꯉꯥꯛ Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Volodymyr Zelensky
Oleksiy Honcharuk
Dmytro Razumkov
ꯂꯦꯖꯤꯁꯂꯦꯆꯔ Verkhovna Rada
Establishment history
• Kievan Rus'
18 (8) August 1649
• Authonomy
within Russia
23 (10) June 1917
• Independence
22 (9) January 1918
• West UPR
13 November 1918
• Soviet rule
10 March 1919
• Member of the
Soviet Union
30 December 1922
30 December 1938
15 November 1939
30 June 1941
16 July 1990
• Independence from
the Soviet Union
24 August 1991a
28 June 1996
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
꯶,꯰꯳,꯶꯲꯸ ꯀꯤm2 (꯲,꯳꯳,꯰꯶꯲ sq mi) (45th)
• Water (%)
• 2019 estimate

Decrease 42,030,832[2]

(excluding Crimea and Sevastopol) (33rd)
• 2001 census
• ꯀꯨꯡꯕꯒꯤ ꯆꯥꯡ
꯷꯳.꯸/km2 (꯱꯹꯱.꯱/sq mi) (115th)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
Increase $408.040 billion[3] (47th)
• ꯄꯥꯔ ꯀꯦꯄꯤꯇꯥ
Increase $9,743[3] (111th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate
• ꯑꯄꯨꯟꯕ
Increase $134.887 billion[3] (57th)
• ꯄꯥꯔ ꯀꯦꯄꯤꯇꯥ
Increase $3,220[3] (128th)
Gini (2016) Positive decrease 25.0[4]
low · 18th
HDI (2017) Increase 0.751[5]
high · 88th
Currency Ukrainian hryvnia (₴) (UAH)
ꯃꯐꯝꯁꯤꯒꯤ ꯃꯇꯝ UTC+2[6] (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving side right
Calling code +380
Internet TLD
  1. An independence referendum was held on 1 December, after which Ukrainian independence was finalized on 26 December.

ꯎꯀ꯭ꯔꯥꯏꯟ (Template:Wp/mni/Lang-uk, Template:Wp/mni/IPA-uk), sometimes called the Ukraine,[7] is a country in Eastern Europe.[8] Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42 million,[2] making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Kiev. Ukrainian is the official language and its alphabet is Cyrillic. The dominant religion in the country is Eastern Orthodoxy. Ukraine is currently in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014.[9] Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of ꯶,꯰꯳,꯶꯲꯸ ꯀꯤm2 (꯶.꯴꯹꯷꯳꯹꯷꯷꯱꯷꯰꯱꯸×꯱꯰꯱꯲ sq ft),[10] making it the largest country entirely within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world.

The territory of modern Ukraine has been inhabited since 32,000 BC. During the Middle Ages, the area was a key centre of East Slavic culture, with the powerful state of Kievan Rus' forming the basis of Ukrainian identity. Following its fragmentation in the 13th century, the territory was contested, ruled and divided by a variety of powers, including Lithuania, Poland, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Russia. A Cossack republic emerged and prospered during the 17th and 18th centuries, but its territory was eventually split between Poland and the Russian Empire, and finally merged fully into the Russian-dominated Soviet Union in the late 1940s as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1991, Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union in the aftermath of its dissolution at the end of the Cold War. Before its independence, Ukraine was typically referred to in English as "The Ukraine", but most sources have since moved to drop "the" from the name of Ukraine in all uses.[11]

ꯃꯇꯦꯡ ꯂꯧꯐꯝ[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Ethnic composition of the population of Ukraine, 2001 Census
  2. 2.0 2.1 Population (by estimate) as of June 1, 2019. Average annual populations January-May 2019. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "auto" defined multiple times with different content
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019. International Monetary Fund.
  4. GINI index (World Bank estimate). World Bank.
  5. Human Development Report 2018 – 'Human Development for Everyone' 198–201. HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved on 8 January 2018
  6. You must specify title = and url = when using {{ꯁꯥꯏꯠ ꯋꯦꯕ}}. (in uk). korrespondent.net (18 October 2011). Retrieved on 31 October 2011
  7. Geoghegan, Tom (7 June 2012), "Ukraine or the Ukraine: Why do some country names have 'the'?", BBC News Magazine, BBC
  8. The World Factbook – Ukraine. Central Intelligence Agency (7 January 2014). Retrieved on 23 January 2014
  9. Simpson, John (19 March 2014). Russia's Crimea plan detailed, secret and successful.
  10. Template:Cite web
  11. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named UKrW812991TU